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Write a note on different types of seasons in India

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India is one of those nations which sees four sorts of seasons. Each season is different because of its inclination. In any case, the purpose for this broadening of these seasons relies upon different factors like scope, longitude, geology, and so on. The meteorological division of India isolated the months of a year as indicated by the seasons as follows:

  • Summer 
  • Monsoon 
  • Post Monsoon 
  • Winter 

Different types of seasons


Summer lasts from April to July in northern India, and from March to June in the rest of the nation. As the Sun’s ascending rays reach the Tropic of Cancer, temperatures rise toward the north. The hottest month in the country in April in the western and southern provinces, and May in the great bulk of North India. Temperatures of 50°C (122°F) or higher have been recorded in parts of India this season.

Huge pre-rainstorm gust line tempests, known locally as “Nor’westers,” typically dump massive hailstones in colder parts of North India. The temperature along the seaside hovers about 36°C (9°F), and the proximity of the ocean increases the degree of stickiness. Temperatures on the east coast of southern India are a few degrees warmer than on the west coast.

By May, the overwhelming bulk of the Indian interior experiences means temperatures above 32°C (9°F), with most severe temperatures above 40°C (104°F). Western unsettling influences, with their cooling impact, may appear in any case in the sweltering months of April and May, however, they rapidly diminish in occurrence as summer advances. In particular, a higher occurrence of such disturbing forces in April coincides with a delayed downpour commencing (thus extending summer) in northwest India. Rainstorm starting dates in eastern India have been steadily moving forward in recent years, resulting in increasingly restricted summers there.

Characteristics of Summer Season

Clear sky, agreeable daylight, and exceptionally wonderful and solid weather conditions are a few trademark highlights of this season. Temperatures are exceptionally low in northern parts and they continue expanding towards the south. The Gangetic fields have a 10°C typical temperature while the Peninsula records up to 30°C temperature.

The late spring season in India starts from the long stretch of March and goes on till the period of May. The most noteworthy temperature is kept in the Northern Plains where the most noteworthy temperature might reach up to 35°C to 45°C. Throughout the late spring season, a neighborhood hot breeze called the ‘loo’ blows in the northern pieces of the country.


A rainstorm is an occasional inversion in wind designs over a district. “Monsoon” comes from the Arabic word mausim, signifying “season.” The occasional breeze shift is generally joined by a sensational change in precipitation. The most popular illustration of a rainstorm happens over the Indian subcontinent. A rainstorm is a significant breeze framework that occasionally switches its heading — like one that blows for roughly a half year from the upper east and a half year from the southwest. Rainstorm twists ordinarily carry wet summers and dry winters to the districts where they blow.

Characteristics of the monsoon

A rainstorm is an occasional shift in the course of the predominant, or most grounded, winds of a district. Rainstorms cause wet and dry seasons all through a significant part of the jungles. Rainstorms are most frequently connected with the Indian Ocean. Rainstorms generally blows from cold to warm districts.

A rainstorm is an occasional shift in the course of the predominant, or most grounded, winds of a district. Rainstorms cause wet and dry seasons all through a significant part of the jungles. Rainstorms are most frequently connected with the Indian Ocean. Rainstorms generally blows from cold to warm districts. 


Post-storm is the most charming season, which is only a progress stage among rainstorms and winter. During this time, a portion of the locales in India saw precipitation. This time is alluded to as Autumn likewise in certain pieces of India. The long stretches of October and November cover the post-rainstorm season. This season denotes the combination of a wet and dry season. The temperature gradually begins getting low during this progress. Nonetheless, it is the briefest time of all. Loads of celebrations happen during this season like Durga Puja (Navratri), Diwali, Bhaidooj, Halloween, and so on.

Characteristics of Post Monsoon

During October and November, the southwest rainstorm winds become more vulnerable and begin withdrawing. The retreat of the rainstorm is set apart by clear skies and an expansion in mercury levels in the northern fields. This expansion in temperature alongside an elevated degree of stickiness is named ‘October heat’.

Right now, the low tension circumstances shift to the Bay of Bengal bringing about cyclonic discouragements. These cyclonic discouragements frequently bring about the annihilation of life and property for the most part on the eastern and southern coasts.

The withdrawal of rainstorms prompts a clear cloudless sky, high temperatures, and high stickiness during the long stretch of October. This, this steamy and abusive weather condition is frequently alluded to as ‘ October Heat ‘.


The Winter season in India alludes to the period between November and February when the northern side of the equator is slanted away from the sun and consequently sun beams need to go a more extended distance to arrive at the outer layer of the earth. The colder time of year season is an enchanted time as the weather conditions get cooler and individuals, by and large, partake in the climate around them. As the mercury drops, individuals take out their comfortable garments and get together for little social occasions lighting chimneys and appreciating casual conversation around them.

Characteristics of Winter

The chilly climate season starts in November in northern India and stays till February. December and January are the coldest months in the northern piece of India. 

  • The weather conditions is ordinarily set apart by clear sky, low temperatures, low stickiness, and weak variable breezes. 
  • Days are warm and evenings are cold.

Winter, the coldest time of the year, interferes with pre-winter and spring. It is related with plunging temperatures and frosty climate, however, its effect and timing change as indicated by area. The farther a region lies from the equator, the colder temperatures it encounters.

FAQs on Seasons

Question 1: What is the social meaning of winters?


Assuming you notice intently, you will see that winters by and large begin with the summit of Durga Puja and Deepavali which are among the two greatest celebrations celebrated all through India and end only a couple of days after the festival of Makar Sankranti. This shows the nearby social relationship of Indian traditions with changes in the environment. During winters Rabi crops are, developed and it is by and large collected toward the finish of January which is the finish of winters.

Question 2: What is the purpose for season change largely?


As India is arranged in the tropical piece of the earth, it faces the greatest season changes. Other than that, we as a whole know that the world moves around the sun and has a shifted pivot hub. The various pieces of the planet get different light and intensity from the sun, which is the principal purpose for the season change.

Question 3: How does the season influence human existence?


For the assortment of each and every season, individuals need to work on their ordinary propensities. They can not go on with a similar in each season. For instance, One might need to wear light material, eat extraordinary food or beverages, and feel aggravated in searing intensity in Summer. Then again, one should wear woolen garments, eat hot food, drink, and feel cheerful in daylight in the colder time of year season. In the storm season, individuals need to make do with colds and hacks. There are additionally different impacts that might happen because of season change.

Question 4: What causes a rainstorm?


A rainstorm is brought about by an occasional change in the breezes. The breezes shift in light of the fact that the temperature of the land and the temperature of the water are different as seasons change. For instance, toward the start of summer, the land heats up quicker than waterways. Rainstorm twists generally blow from cold to warm.

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Last Updated : 28 Sep, 2022
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