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Women Empowerment: Need, Steps , And Impact

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Women’s rights advocacy, gender equality, and guarantee that women have equal opportunity in all aspects of life are the goals of the worldwide movement known as Women empowerment. It includes the process of giving women the tools, information, and agency they need to take charge of their own lives and make wise choices. Women’s empowerment is essential for social advancement and environmentally friendly development in addition to being a question of justice and human rights. In this article, we will examine the idea of women’s empowerment, consider its relevance, talk about the difficulties women encounter, and highlight the most important plans and programs for promoting women’s empowerment across the globe.

Women Empowerment

Women Empowerment

Understanding Women Empowerment 

The process of strengthening women’s capacity to fully engage in society, exercise their rights, as well as access opportunities on an equal basis with men is known as “women empowerment.” It entails confronting and altering the social norms, cultural practices, and power structures that support gender inequality and discrimination. Women’s empowerment acknowledges the inherent value and potential of women, including trying to remove the obstacles that stand in the way of achieving their goals and making a positive contribution to society. It covers topics including education, employment, well-being, violence against women, and participating in decision-making operations, as well as financial, political, social, and personal components.

Need for Women Empowerment

Women’s empowerment is not simply a trendy idea; it is essential in today’s society. Despite considerable advancements in women’s rights as well as gender equality, there are still many obstacles and problems that prevent women from contributing fully to society and reaching their full potential. The following are some strong arguments in favor of women’s empowerment:

Gender Equality: The empowerment of women is necessary to achieve gender equality. Social conventions, cultural practices, as well as discriminatory attitudes that restrict women’s prospects and undercut their rights are at the heart of gender disparity. By empowering women, we question these expectations and work to create a society where men and women are afforded the same rights, opportunities, and obligations.

Economic Development: Economic growth and the empowerment of women are intimately related. Half of the world’s population is made up of women, and economic sustainability depends on their active engagement. Whenever women have the same opportunity for education, work, and entrepreneurship, they make a substantial contribution to economic production, the eradication of poverty, and general development.

Education and Knowledge: A potent strategy for changing civilizations is educating and empowering women. Women who have received an education are more educated, more competent, and more self-assured, which empowers them to question gender norms and actively engage in social, economic, and political realms. Education increases a woman’s propensity to make investments in her family’s welfare, especially the health and education of her children, which helps future generations and breaks the cycle of poverty.

Health and Well-being: Women’s well-being and physical health are intimately related to women’s empowerment. Women’s empowerment requires having access to good healthcare, the right to an abortion, and control over one’s own body. Women who are empowered are better able to take adequate care of their health, seek medical attention when necessary, and make decisions that will improve their well-being.

Violence and Discrimination: In order to overcome violence and prejudice against women, women must be empowered. Domestic abuse, sexual harassment, as well as human trafficking are just a few of the violent crimes against women that they still have to deal with. Challenges to these harmful practices, safer settings, and the advancement of a culture of equality and respect are made possible by the empowerment of women via education, awareness, & legal protection.

Leadership and Decision-making: In order to create effective policies, strategies, as well as decision-making processes, women’s voices and views are crucial. For inclusive governance to be promoted and to fulfill the many demands and objectives of society, gender parity in leadership roles must be attained in the private as well as public sectors. Women’s empowerment ensures that they have an equal voice in decisions that impact their communities and way of life.

Social and Cultural Change: In order to challenge societal and cultural conventions that support gender inequity, women’s empowerment is crucial. By empowering women, we dispel prejudice, remove obstacles, and advance a culture that honors as well as respects women’s contributions outside of the confines of conventional gender roles. This results in cultural change and builds a more welcoming and diversified society that is beneficial to everybody.

Today both young men and young ladies go to classes. Today instruction is the right of both young men and young ladies; regardless of that, 50 % of young ladies get schooling. India has statistics like clockwork which counts the number of inhabitants in the country. This data is utilized to gauge things like education, sex proportion, and so on. Many SC and ST children leave school at an early age. The 2014 statistics even show the cost of training and the unconcerned disposition of educators and guardians are answerable for the carelessness of instruction.

Women Empowerment in India

India is a very complicated nation. Over the course of many centuries, we have accumulated a wide variety of different practices, traditions, and customs. These rituals and practices, both the positive and negative aspects of them, are now ingrained in the collective psyche of our society. We honor female deities as deities worthy of worship, and we also place a high value on the relationships we have with our own mothers, daughters, sisters, spouses, and any other female relatives or friends. On the other hand, Indian men are notorious for their poor treatment of their wives and girlfriends, both within and outside of the house.

There are individuals in Indian culture who adhere to almost every imaginable kind of religious belief. In each and every one of the world’s religions, women are given a unique position, and we are instructed to treat them with the utmost reverence and sensitivity. However, for some reason, the development of civilization has led to it being acceptable for a variety of harmful practices, both physical and mental, to be carried out against women. This has been the case for centuries. For instance, the sati pratha, the tradition of dowry, the Parda pratha, female infanticide, wife torching, sexual misbehavior, sexual harassment at the location of work, domestic violence, as well as other sorts of discriminating practices all have both a mental and a physical component.

In addition to this, there is a significant issue with domestic violence in India. Because the males believe that women are their property, they treat their wives abusively and beat them. Even more so since most women are too timid to express their minds. In a similar vein, women who do work are paid less than their male colleagues who do the same tasks. When someone gets paid less for the same amount of labor because of their gender, this behavior can only be described as sexist and completely unjust. As a result, it is clear that empowering women is a must in this day and age. We have a responsibility to provide these women with the tools they need to advocate for themselves and ensure that they are never the victims of injustice.

Steps For Women Empowerment

Empowerment of women can be done in various ways, through both government schemes and individual levels. The government has come up with various schemes like Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojana, Mahila-E-Haat, Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana, etc., to empower women. Apart from this, individually, we can work by abolishing social evils like dowry and child marriage. Respecting women and providing equal opportunities can be done individually.

Women’s Movements

Women have exclusively and, all in all, attempted to achieve changes is called the Women’s Movement. Various procedures have been utilized to spread mindfulness, battle separation, and look for equity. These developments are connected with battling, bringing issues to light, dissenting, and showing fortitude. People in the public eye are viewed as playing explicit orientation jobs.

Women have been confronting disparities at each step since the days of yore. Presumably, their situation and status have improved with the difference in time; still, they linger behind men in pretty much every field.

Breaking Stereotypes and Developments

In this male-ruled society, they neglect to profit equivalent honors and open doors. It has also been seen that some professions are considered to be more appropriate for men than for women. It means women are suitable only for a few jobs. Many individuals accept that ladies improve attendants since they are more quiet and delicate. It is likewise accepted that ladies don’t bear specialized minds, and in this way, they are not equipped to manage specialized things. Along these lines, they have been generalized as great attendants, great instructors, and so forth. They are never viewed as armed force officials, pilots, railroad motor drivers, and so forth. A larger part of Indians trusts these generalizations. It is, hence, that young ladies don’t get the very support that young men do to study and prepare to become specialists and architects.

Women are intended to violate these stereotypes by excelling in fields that were supposed male preserves till now. We now have women pilots, engineers, police officers, scientists, and so on. Gradually there came an ever-increasing number of positive changes. The people group that never picked up perusing and composing began sending their kids to school. Before all else, there was a ton of resistance to teaching young ladies. However, there were additionally ladies and men who put forth attempts to open schools for young ladies.

Some Examples of Women’s Empowerment 

Women attempted to figure out how to pursue work and compose. Here, the experience of Rashsundari Devi (1800-1890) is worth focusing on. She was a housewife of a rich landowner’s loved ones. Around then, it was believed that if a lady figured out how to peruse and compose, she would turn into a widow. Notwithstanding this, she showed herself how to pursue and write covertly after her marriage. She thought of her self-portrait in Bangla named Amar Jiban.

Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain was another model who did a great deal for ladies’ schooling. She knew how to peruse and compose Urdu, yet she was halted from learning Bangla and English. In those days, just young men were educated in English. In any case, she figured out how to parse and compose Bangla and English. Thereafter, she turned into an essayist and composed an exceptional story named Sultana’s Dream in 1905. She did a great deal to assist different young ladies with going to class and constructing their own fantasies. In 1910, she started a school for young ladies in Kolkata which is yet to work.

Most likely, an ever-increasing number of young ladies have started going to class, but still, they drop behind young men. According to the latest statistics of 2001, 76% of young men and men are educated, yet the figure is relatively exceptionally low in the event of young ladies. Just 54% of young ladies and ladies are educated in India. Accordingly, the level of the male gathering is higher than the female gathering.

Young women who are from Dalit and Adivasi foundations are less inclined to stay in school. One of the many reasons is that few families are excessively poor and incapable of bearing the expense of teaching every one of their youngsters. Young men get inclinations in such conditions. The position and status of ladies have, without a doubt, further developed a ton which is because of the aggregate endeavors of the ladies of the country. The Women’s Movement likewise gets the help of men.

They utilized various methodologies to spread mindfulness, battle separation, and look for equity. For instance, they coordinate missions to battle segregation and savagery against ladies. They additionally challenge ladies to occur. The ladies’ Movement additionally shows fortitude with different ladies and causes.

Related Links

  1. Women Work and Equality
  2. Women Empowerment Schemes in India
  3. National Commission for Women

FAQs on Women Empowerment

Q 1. What is the meaning of Women’s Empowerment?


Accepting women’s opinions, encouraging women to take on new ventures, educating girl children, and creating awareness of self-worth and confidence.

Q 2. What is the importance of women’s empowerment?


The empowerment of women contributes to the creation of a society that is more fair and equal for everyone. Empowerment of women is a key factor in fostering health and well-being, which is another reason why it is crucial. Women are better able to take care of themselves as well as their children when they have access to education and healthcare.

Q 3. What are the essential factors for empowerment?


Learning, labor, and leadership are essential factors for empowerment.

Q 4. How do backward communities’ girls suffer in schooling?


Girls from backward classes in India are not capable of proper schooling. The reasons for this are poverty, insufficient schooling facilities, discrimination, non-availability of teachers and schools in small areas, lack of proper conveyance for a girl child, cost of education, and most preference given to boys.

Q 5. What is the main role of a woman in our society?


In every nation on earth, women are the major individuals responsible for providing care to youngsters as well as the elderly. Studies conducted in other countries have shown that women take the initiative to assist their families in adjusting to new circumstances and pressures whenever there is a shift in either a society’s economic or political organization.

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Last Updated : 20 May, 2023
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