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Which is the longest river of South India?

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  • Last Updated : 27 Jun, 2022
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The Godavari River is the biggest stream in peninsular India and known as the ‘Dakshina Ganga’. The Godavari Basin is the second biggest bowl after the Ganges bowl and records for almost 9.50 % of the all out topographical region of the country. The River ascends in the Sahyadris, at a height of 1,067 m above mean ocean level close to Trimbakeshwar in the Nasik locale of Maharashtra and streams across the Deccan Plateau from the Western toward the Eastern Ghats. 

Principal stream structures between State limit between the States of Telangana and Maharashtra; and Telangana and Chhattisgarh. Absolute length of stream is 1,465 km. Principal stream courses through the States of Maharashtra Telangana, Chhattisgarh, and Andhra Pradesh lastly out falls into the Bay of Bengal. At Dowlaiswaram, the stream separates into two branches, the Gautama and Vasishta. Between the two, lies the Godavari Central Delta. The Gautami branch joins the Bay of Bengal coursing through the Yanam area of Union Territory of Pondicherry. The Godavari River has a waste area of 3,12,812 Sq.km.

 The length of Godavari River in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana is around 772 km. The Western Ghats (likewise called Sahyadris range), structure a persistent watershed on the west. On the north, the bowl is limited by the Satmala slopes, the Ajanta range and the Mahadeo slopes. The bowl is limited on the east by Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal. On the south, it is limited by the Balaghat and the Mahadeo ranges extending forward from the eastern flank of the Western Ghats and the Anantgiri and different scopes of the slopes.

Importance of Godavari river 

  1. The stream is holy to Hindus and has a few puts on its banks.
  2. It became the place of pilgrimage for thousands of years.
  3. It provides water for irrigation in agriculture.
  4. It provides excellent habitat and food for many of the earth organisms. 
  5. It also provides hydroelectric power. 

Sample Questions

Question 1: Name 3 important bridges in Godavari river?

Answer:

Few important bridges in Godavari river are Godavari bridge, Godavari Arch bridge and The Havelock bridge.

Question 2: What are the main tributaries of Godavari?

Answer:

The main tributaries of Godavari are- the purna, the wardha, the pranhita, the manjira, the wainganga and the penganga.

Question 3: Which states does Godavari flow?

Answer:

The states are Maharashtra, Telangana, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh and finally flows into Bay of Bengal.

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