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What was the main reason for the fall of Vijayanagara Empire?

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The Vijayanagara Empire started to gradually decline after the death of an emperor called Krishnadeva Raya, who had reigned between 1509- 1529.

Considering he was the third ruler of the Tuluva dynasty, his successors were weak and troubled by Nayaks. The combined forces of Deccan sultans, Ahmednagar, Bijapur, Golconda, and Bidar came to declare war during the rule of Rama Raya and were defeated. The battle of Talikota in 1565 has been considered a breakdown of the  Vijaynagar Empire.

Vijaynagara Empire

Vijayanagara Empire

Fall of The Vijayanagara Empire

Before there is decay, there should be a climb. The Vijayanagara Realm arrived at its apex during the rule of Krishna Deva Raya of the Tuluva Administration. Likewise, with numerous realms, the downfall of the Vijayanagara Domain started with a savage, manipulative, covetous tyrant who had assumed control over the domain after the demise of Krishna Deva Raya. Aliya Rama Raya was an official for Krishna Deva Raya who wrested the high position from its legitimate beneficiary, the nephew of Krishna Deva Raya, Sadasiva Raya, during the last option part of the Tuluva Line.

Sadasiva Raya stayed the public substance of the domain, however actually, it was Aliya Rama Raya who had the power. He was known for his savage mercilessness to the residents of the spots he vanquished, particularly Muslims, and for his traitorousness to partners, Hindu and Muslim the same.

Eventually, in any case, Raya went excessively far. He played the sultanates against each other and utilized their parts to make advances into their region. He came to the guide of Ali Adil Shah of the Bijapur Sultanate in an attack on the Ahmadnagar Sultanate, which was controlled by Ruler Hussain. King Hussain was crushed and embarrassed and his kin was abused after the effective attack on his region.

At the point when King Hussain looked to hit back at Ali Adil Shah, with his partner the Ruler of Golconda, Rama Raya exchanged sides and aided Ruler Hussain. The sultanates figured out his controls and concluded they expected to join against a shared adversary momentarily.

The fall of the Vijayanagara Empire can be attributed to a combination of internal conflicts, political instability, and external invasions.

Talikota’s Fight

The multitude of Hindu Ruler Aliya Rama Raya and the four Deccan territories of Golconda, Bidar, Ahmadnagar, and Bijapur faced a legendary conflict in 1565. The Muslim rulers were never going to budge on demanding revenge on the Vijayanagara realm and obliterating it as a danger. The Conflicts of Talikota may be a disastrous difficulty for Vijayanagara, with expansive outcomes that undermined the city’s future endurance.

The battle occurred at a spot 80 kilometers toward the southeast of Bijapur. This spot is currently a piece of Northern Karnataka. Raja Aliya Rama’s armed forces contained 100 battle elephants joined with cavalry and footmen. There were fewer troopers in the Deccan Tradition however more pony riders and weapons and big guns.

The government of the Vijayanagara realm was not annihilated at the Skirmish of Talikota, however, the commonplace capital at last recuperated altogether from the harms it had encountered. Tirumala, Rama Raya’s sibling, constructed a fresh-out-of-the-box new order at Penukonda and figured out how to work in the military. By the by, the Thanjavur (Tanjore), Nayakas in Madura, and Jinji actually broadcasted their independence, and the vast majority of the southeast was deserted.

In a few areas, mobs and theft were ejected. Tirumala mentioned help from Ahmadnagar’s Nizam Shah against specific Bijapuri attacks moving toward Penukonda. He in this way sent off a conflict against Bijapur close by Ahmadnagar as well as Golconda. Tirumala recognized the sovereign domains of the Nayakas in the southeast, kept Mysore and Keladi’s reliability, and named his 3 youngsters as executives of his realm’s three unmistakable areas: Telugu, Kannada, as well as Tamil. In 1570, he was delegated and officially settled the Aravidu line, the fourth and last Vijayanagara administration.

Exchange with Portuguese 

Western countries were invited to exchange by Lord Krishnadeva Raya. Nonetheless, he had a nearby association just with the Portuguese, who at the time had laid out business fixates on India’s western shore. Arguments about the privileged position, the Deccan Sultanates’ solidarity, and Rama Raya’s central mix-ups prepared for the decay of the Vijayanagara realm. Also, the Vijayanagara realm’s loss at the Conflict of Talikota, the insubordinate local lead representatives, and the obliteration of Hampi added to the destruction of the Vijayanagara domain.

Portuguese trade plunged with the breakdown of the Vijayanagara realm. One of the various explanations behind the breakdown of Portuguese experts in India was that Portugal was too minuscule a country to help the huge heap of an exchange state in a far-off area. Their picture as horrible oceanic privateers cultivated scorn in the hearts of the provincial rulers.

The heads of Golconda and Ahmadnagar, who’d previously experienced the most at the feet of ruler Rama Raya, were significantly more reasonable as the main impetus behind the fashioning of an understanding that lead to the Vijayanagara realm’s downfall. By 1564, no less than three of the six rulers had started their development on Vijayanagara, which finished in the awful loss of Vijayanagara troops at the Conflict of Talikota in mid-1565, as well as the firing and decimation of such a large amount Vijayanagara realm.

Other Reasons for the fall of the Vijaynagar Empire are:

1. Religious differences also played a role in the empire’s decline. The Vijayanagara Empire was primarily Hindu, but it had a diverse population that included Muslims and other religious groups. Tensions between the Hindu rulers and Muslim officials within the administration contributed to conflicts and discontent.

2. Externally, the empire faced threats from the Deccan Sultanates, particularly the Bijapur and Golkonda Sultanates. These Muslim kingdoms sought to expand their territories and influence, leading to frequent invasions and military campaigns against Vijayanagara. The combined forces of the Deccan Sultanates dealt a decisive blow to the Vijayanagara Empire in the Battle of Talikota in 1565, resulting in the destruction of the capital city and a significant loss of power for the empire.

3. Internally, the empire faced power struggles and factionalism among its nobles and local chieftains. These power struggles weakened the central authority and hindered effective governance. Rivalries and infighting at the royal court further exacerbated the situation and created divisions within the empire.

Related Links

  1. Vijaynagar Empire
  2. Social and Cultural Life of the Vijaynagar
  3. MCQ on Vijaynagar Empire

FAQs on the Fall of The Vijayanagara Empire

Q 1. What was the reason for the fall of the Vijayanagara Empire?


The main reason for the decline of the Vijayanagara Empire was the seizing of the areas present in Vijaynagar by the rulers of Golconda ad Bijapur during the rule of the Aravidu Dynasty in the year 1646.

Q 2. Which factor was mainly responsible for the destruction of the Vijayanagara Empire?


One of the main reasons for the destruction of the Vijayanagara empire was the lack of mutual coordination as well as understanding in the army.

Q 3. When was Vijaynagar Empire ended?


The Vijaynagar Empire ended in the year 1646.

Q 4. Did external invasions contribute to the fall of the Vijayanagara Empire?


Yes, external invasions were a major factor in the fall of the Vijayanagara Empire. The Deccan Sultanates, particularly the Bijapur and Golkonda Sultanates, sought to expand their territories and launched repeated invasions against Vijayanagara. These invasions gradually eroded the empire’s power and control, eventually leading to its downfall.

Q 5.  What was the Vijayanagara Empire?


 The Vijayanagara Empire was a powerful South Indian kingdom that existed from the 14th to the 17th century. It was known for its rich cultural heritage and patronage of art, literature, and architecture.

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Last Updated : 02 Jun, 2023
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