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What is the difference between await and yield keywords in JavaScript ?

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  • Last Updated : 01 Apr, 2022

In this article, we will see how Await keyword is different from Yield keywords.

Generator Functions: Functions that can return multiple values at different time interval as per the user demands, and can manage its internal state are generator functions. A function becomes a Generator function if it uses the function* syntax. They are different from normal functions because normal functions completion in a single run, whereas we can pause and resume the generator function.

Note: When generator functions are executed, it returns a new Generator object.

functionality:  yield and await can both be used to write asynchronous code that “waits”, which means code that looks as if it was synchronous, even though it really is asynchronous.

await: This is an operator which used to wait for a Promise. In our regular JavaScript code, we use it inside the async function, and it can be used on its own with JavaScript modules.

When we use await keyword in an expression so, the async function execution will get paused until the promise is settled (that is, fulfilled or rejected), and to resume execution of the async function after fulfilment. When resumed, the value of the await expression is that of the fulfilled Promise.

Syntax:

var result = await expression;

expression: A Promise or any value to wait for.

result: contains the value of promise(resolved value).

Example:

Javascript




<script>
    function calculate(y) {
        var promise = new Promise(function(resolve, reject) {
            setTimeout(function() {
                resolve(calculateSquare(y));
            }, 3000);
        });
        return promise;
    }
 
    function calculateSquare(y) {
        return y * y;
    }
 
    async function main() {
 
        /* The expression following the await
        the operator is not a Promise, it's
        converted to a resolved Promise.*/
 
        // Code will be synchronized
        var s1 = await calculate(5);
 
        // After 3 sec this line will get execute
        console.log("Square of 5 is : " + s1);
        var s2 = await calculate(10);
 
        // After 3 sec next this line will get execute
        console.log("Square of 10 is : " + s2);
 
         // In last this line will get execute
        console.log("End");
    }
 
    main()
</script>


(note: run the above code in node.js)

Output:

yield: The yield keyword is used to pause and resume a generator function.

The keyword yield is used to pause the generator function execution, and the final value of the expression will be the value followed by the yield keyword is returned to the generator’s caller.

It causes the call to the generator’s next() method to return an IteratorResult object with two properties: 

  • value: It is the value returned by the yield keyword.
  • done: it is of boolean type. (if done is false, it means that the generator function has not been fully completed).

Using it, we can create an iterator for traversing data.

Syntax:

var result = yield expression;

expression: the value to return from the generator function. 

result: Retrieves the optional value passed to the generator’s next() method to resume its execution.

Example:

Javascript




<script>
    function* getValues(start, end) {
        while (start <= end) {
            yield start;
            start++;
        }
    }
 
    /* Expression */
    var it = getValues(5, 10);
 
    /* Generator's next() method  return an
    IteratorResult object with two
    properties: value and done*/
 
    //element : {value : Object ,done : boolean}
    var element = it.next();
 
    while (element.done == false) {
        console.log(element);
        element = it.next();
    }
 
    // value:undefined, and done : false
    console.log(element);
</script>


(note : run the above code in node.js)

Output:


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