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What is “Sarva Siksha Abhiyan”?

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  • Last Updated : 03 Nov, 2022
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Suggested Category- Government Schemes

It is a centerpiece initiative of the Indian government that was launched in 2001 with the goal of achieving the universalization of elementary education (UEE). Article 21 of the Indian Constitution SSA’s legal base is the declaration that free, public education is a fundamental right for all kids between the ages of 6 and 14. SSA works hard to promptly abide by the demands of this fundamental right. The SSA Program was established in 2000–2001 and is administered by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India (GoI).

Background

SSA existed from 2000–2001 and started as an intervention program in 2002. To promote universal primary education, the District Primary Education Program (DPEP) was launched in 1993–1994 and is where it has its roots. The DPEP covered 272 districts in 18 states over the course of several phases. The expense of the program is split by the Central Government and the State Governments at a rate of 15% each.

The Central share was funded in part by a number of external organizations, most notably the World Bank, the Department for International Development (DFID), and UNICEF. By 2001, more than $1500 million had been committed to the scheme, which would benefit 50 million children. The authors came to the conclusion that while there was little evidence of any influence on females’ enrollment in Phase I of the program, DPEP’s net impact on minority children was impressive. However, they came to the conclusion that the DPEP investment paid off since it sparked a cutting-edge approach to primary school interventions in India.

Goals of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan 

By the year 2000, every kid in the age range of 6 to 14 will receive a practical and pertinent basic education thanks to the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. Another objective is to close gender and social inequities by involving community activities in managing the schools.

Useful and pertinent education refers to the pursuit of a community-based, non-alienating educational system. Its goal is to give kids the opportunity to understand and control their natural surroundings in a way that allows them to fully realize both their spiritual and material potential. Children must have the chance to cooperate with one another as part of this quest, which must also be a process of value-based learning.

Implementation of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan

The Committee observed the absence of State Institutes of Educational Management and Training, which deal with state-specific problems and innovations. The District Institutes of Education and Training also vary greatly in terms of their nature and efficacy. The Committee advised removing the differences between national and state systems (such as the standards for entry age).
The Committee also noted several teacher openings under SSA, which has a negative impact on how the program is implemented. It was suggested that the states should be able to hire new teachers to fill the openings created by the SSA as long as they remain in sanctioned posts.

Eligibility

The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Scheme accepts applications from students aged 6 to 14.

Features

  • This program was started in order to implement universal elementary education within a specific time limit.
  • This program offers top-notch elementary education to the entire nation.
  • By giving kids a foundational education, it makes social justice promotion easier.
  • The administration of elementary schools is efficiently shared among School Management Committees, Panchayati Raj organizations, Village Education Committees, Parents’ Teachers’ Associations, Mother Teacher Associations, and Tribal Autonomous Councils.
  • For the purpose of delivering education, it forges a partnership between the municipal, state, and federal governments.
  • It gives the United States the chance to create its own vision for elementary education.

Objectives

  • To build new schools in these areas that lack educational infrastructure.
  • To set up facilities for alternative education.
  • To build more classrooms, bathrooms, and drinking water facilities in order to improve the school’s current infrastructure.
  • To oversee maintenance funding and grants for school improvement.
  • To give schoolchildren free textbooks and uniforms.
  • To provide and strengthen existing instructors in schools with a teacher shortage by hiring more teachers for those positions.
  • To provide children with good foundational education and life skills
  • To advocate for girls’ education in order to change women’s status.
  • To advocate for the education of kids with disabilities or special needs.
  • To encourage equal educational opportunities for SC/ST, landless agricultural laborers, Muslim minorities, etc., children.
  • To comprehend the educational needs of those from previously excluded groups.
  • To close the digital divide by providing schoolchildren with computer knowledge.
  • Through intensive training, funding for the creation of teachers’ learning resources, and building academic support systems at the block, cluster, and district levels, it is hoped to strengthen and improve the capacity and skills of the current school teachers.

FAQs on Sarva  Siksha Abhiyan

Question 1: What are the advantages of the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Program?

Answer:

  • Elementary education is made available to all members of society for free and is required.
  • Timely provision of uniforms and textbooks.
  • Education in computers to close the digital divide.
  • Children from Muslim minorities, SC or ST families, and landless agricultural laborers have equal access to school and services.
  • Additionally, teachers can receive some advantages through the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, including mentoring and courses that will help them become better instructors. 
  • Mechanism of teacher evaluation to aid them.

Question 2: Who was the founder of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan?

Answer:

Atal Bihari Vajpayee, a former Indian prime minister, invented the program. By 2010, it seeks to educate every child between the ages of 6 and 14. The deadline has, however, been indefinitely advanced.

Question 3: What is the SSA’s new name?

Answer:

The Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan scheme was created in 2018 by combining the Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan and the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.

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