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What is a State or Regional Political Party?

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  • Last Updated : 27 Jul, 2022
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Political parties are a group of those people who gather to compete in elections to seize government power. This is a way to mobilize voters to support common interests, objectives, and goals. The main task of a political party is to set political agendas and policies. Therefore, each party tries to persuade people by claiming that their policies are superior to those of other parties.

Political parties in India

India has a multi-party system where political parties are classified into parties at the national, state, or regional levels. Party membership is granted by the Election Commission of India and this is reviewed from time to time. All parties are registered with the Election Commission. A special and unique electoral symbol is assigned to each party registered by the Election Commission.

State Party

A Party must meet at least one of the following conditions in order to be recognized as a State Member. The party must win at least three seats or three percent of the seats in the state legislature. He must win at least one seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any portion attributed to that Country concerned. In a particular election, the party must win at least six percent of the total votes and also win one Lok Sabha and two Council seats. State membership can still be granted to an organization even if it does not win any seats in the Lok Sabha or Council if that organization wins at least eight percent of the total public vote.

Role of state parties in elections

The role of state parties in India is highlighted by the following points:

  1. They provide better governance and stable government at the state level. They pose a threat to the dominant one-party system in the country, which has led to the decline of one-party influence.
  2. Member States have an important role to play in center-state interactions. The central body is more concerned with the interests of regional actors because of the areas of conflict in central state relations and the need for greater autonomy.
  3. They make politics more competitive and increase popular participation in the political process at the local level.
  4. In parliamentary and local elections, they provide voters with more choices. Voters can support a political party that supports state or regional interests.
  5. They raise political awareness and people’s enthusiasm for politics They highlight local or regional issues that immediately arouse public interest. They offer a possible alternative to authoritarian government pressures.
  6. They oppose the ruling party in the center on specific issues, forcing the dominant party to be more rational in its method of dispute resolution.
  7. They make an essential contribution to the proper functioning of parliamentary democracy. In a parliamentary democracy, the minority must have a voice and the majority must have a voice.
  8. Regional parties have been effective as ruling parties in several states and as opposition parties at the national level. They have succeeded in demonstrating the partisan role of governors in the appointment and removal of prime ministers, as well as the issuance of decrees and reserving measures subject to the president’s approval. . Since the dawn of coalition politics, regional parties have become increasingly important in national politics.

Regional Party

A “Regional party” is a party that is based in a single region, regardless of its goals or platforms. Regionalist parties, on the other hand, are a subset of regional parties that specifically claim greater autonomy or independence in the region. The presence of numerous local political parties is an important feature of India’s political system. They play an important role in Indian politics at all levels. H. At the local and national levels.

Role of Regional Parties in elections

  1. They provide better governance and stable government at the regional level They challenge the dominant one-party system in the country and have led to the decline of one-party rule.
  2. They have a powerful impact on the nature and course of the center-state relationship. Areas of tension in state-central relations and the need for greater autonomy make central management better responsive to the needs of regional parties.
  3. They make politics more competitive and grassroots participation in the political process wider.
  4. They expand the choice of voters in legislative and legislative elections. Voters can vote for a party that promotes state/regional interests They raise people’s political awareness and interest in politics.
  5. They highlight local or regional issues that immediately capture the attention of the masses.
  6. They offer an opportunity to counter the authoritarian tendencies of the central government. They oppose the ruling party in the center on certain issues and force the dominant party to be more rational in its approach to the dispute resolution process.
  7. They contribute significantly to the proper functioning of correct parliamentary democracy. In a parliamentary democracy, the minority must have a voice, the majority must have a voice, and regional parties have successfully performed this role by becoming the ruling party.
  8. They have succeeded in revealing the partisan role of the Governors in appointing and removing the Prime Minister, issuing decrees, and submitting bills to the President for consideration. After the dawn of the era of coalition politics, regional parties played an important role in national politics. They again joined coalition governments formed centrally and shared power with national parties.

Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1: What is the National Party?

Answer:

A registered political party will only be recognized as a national political party if it meets any of the following three conditions: Earn 2% of Lok Sabha’s seats from at least three different states.

Question 2: Write the difference between a national party and a regional party?

Answer:

A political party recognized in four or more states as a national party. A political party that operates at the state level (in one state) or at the regional level (in two or more states) is a regional party.

Question 3: Explain the two main types of political parties?

Answer:

Democrats and Republicans are the strongest. However, other parties, such as the Reform, Liberal, Socialist, Natural Law, Constitutional and Green parties can promote presidential candidates.

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