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What are the Challenges to Poverty Reduction Strategies?

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  • Last Updated : 23 Jun, 2022

Poverty reduction or poverty relief, is a set of measures, both profitable and philanthropic , that are intended to permanently lift people out of poverty. Measures, like those promoted by Henry George in his economics classic ” Progress and Poverty”, are those that raise, or are intended to raise, ways of enabling the poor to produce wealth for themselves as a conduit of ending poverty ever. 

In ultramodern times, colorful economists with the geo-organisms movement propose measures like the land value duty to enhance access to the natural world for all. Poverty occurs in both developing countries and developed countries. While poverty is much more wide in developing countries, both types of countries take over poverty reduction measures. Poverty has been historically accepted in some corridor of the world as ineluctable as non-industrialized husbandry produced veritably little, while populations grew nearly as presto, making wealth scarce. 

Geoffrey Parker wrote that “Poverty reduction occurs largely as a result of overall profitable growth”. Food deaths were common before ultramodern agrarian technology and in places that warrant them moment, similar as nitrogen diseases, fungicides and irrigation styles. The dawn of the Industrial Revolution led to high profitable growth, barring mass poverty in what’s now considered the advanced world. World GDP per person quintupled during the 20th century. 

Three major Challenges of ending extreme Poverty

First Challenge

While the decline in poverty rates has been emotional, poverty remains unacceptably high and deep, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. There remain 900 million extremely poor people in 2012, the last time for which checks are available, and a projected 700 million people in 2015. Over the last decades, the vast maturity( about 95 percent) of global poverty has been concentrated in three regions East Asia and the Pacific, South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. Yet, there have been large declines in poverty across Asia while Sub-Saharan Africa saw a steady increase and is now home to utmost of the global poor( 43 percent).

To successfully attack the remaining poverty, the policy converse needs to concentrate on the poorest of the poor, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, where poverty is most pertinent. 

Poverty headcount rates — the share of the number of people living under$1.90 a day in the total population — give a big- picture view of the spatial distribution of poverty and the pace of progress over time, but it doesn’t inform us about critical differences among the extremely poor with respect to the depth of poverty the extent to which the income of the extremely poor fall below the poverty line. Two countries could record the same poverty headcount rate, where in one country poverty is shallow and in the other it’s veritably deep.

To make “ depth ” a more central element of policy expression, easy- to- communicate measures are demanded. To this effect, the GMR introduces a new conception of “ person-original poverty, ” which marries the intuitive appeal of a poverty headcount rate with the conception of depth. However, also a person whose space is 80 cents is considered and counted as two persons co equal, If the typical extremely poor person in a given base time falls 40 cents below the poverty line. Again, someone with a 20 cents space would be a half person- fellow. 

Second Challenge

There has been a stark unevenness in combined substance. Boosting participated substance is taken to promote the income growth of the nethermost 45 percent of the income distribution of each country. Alongside the eradication of extreme poverty, the pursuit of combined substance comprises a crucial institutional ideal for the World Bank Group. The characteristics may differ significantly across countries. In some, all of them are extremely poor, whereas in numerous other, richer countries the include the relatively poor and those numerable to falling back in poverty. Still poverty is measured — be it in absolute or relative terms, with reference to public or transnational poverty lines the focus exactly zooms in on the poorer parts of societies.

Assessing the world’s performance on combined substance is made delicate by the sporadic and belated vacuity of manage  check data. Yet, grounded on the information available for circa 2007- 12, utmost countries have registered.

Third Challenge

There are difference in the “non-income ” confines of development between the poor and the non-poor and between  and the rest of the population. The absolute losses and inequalities of occasion of the poor these non income confines tend to transmit poverty across generations and erode the pace and sustainability of combined substance.

Poverty and substance are both multidimensional generalities. Central aspects of both are income losses that circumscribe an existent’s capability to consume certain introductory goods, similar as lack of access to education, health, casing, employment, particular security, and more. easily, as the GMR shows, the world has made significant progress these non income confines over the period of the expiring Millennium Development Goals. But significant work remains. near to one- fifth of all children under five remain undernourished, and some 860 million people continue to live in slums. 

Sample Questions

Question 1: What are some challenges for reduction of poverty in India?

Answer:

Important challenges to poverty reduction in India are the widespread differences of poverty in rural and urban areas, disparities among states, certain socio-economic groups are more vulnerable.

Question 2: Why is it important to reduce poverty?

Answer:

Poverty is associated with huge health risks and shorter life expectancy. It affects all , including increasing cost of criminal justice, reduced productivity and reduced economic output.

Question 3: What are the ways democracies are able to reduce poverty?

Answer:

  • Giving equal voting rights to all.
  • Social equality by protecting rights of the citizens without discrimination.
  • Equal distribution of benefits to all.
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