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What are Prospects and Challenges to Democracy?

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  • Last Updated : 16 Jun, 2022
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More importantly, a system of majority rule refers to an arrangement of government where the people exercise power by voting. A majority government occupies a unique position in India. Furthermore, India is undoubtedly the largest majority government on the planet. Furthermore, India’s majority rule system is derived from the constitution of India. After enduring British rule, India finally became a vote-based nation in 1947. Most importantly, the majority of Indians run government because freedom is mixed with the spirit of justice, freedom, and balance.

Prospects of democracy

Important capabilities of the vote-based system are documented below:

Responsible, responsive and authentic government

A system based on the vote creates an accountable government. Democracy provides accountable states, as individuals have the power to choose their delegates through an electoral system. These elected officials structure public power and participate in the dynamic cycle of individuals. In the event that these selected delegates do not perform as intended, individuals have the right not to choose them in the next political race. A vote-based system produces responsive government: Democratic legislatures are chosen by individuals and trusted by individuals and Congress. These statements promote general assessment arrangements and address the needs and assumptions of individuals.

A vote-based system creates legitimate government: Majority government is the government of the people. Individuals want to be managed by agents of their choice. They further agree that the majority rule system is appropriate for their country. The ability of the majority government to generate aid is in itself an outcome that cannot be ignored.

Nobility and Freedom of Citizens

In order to promote the success and nobility of the people, a system of special majority rule is better than all other types of government. Equal doors and equal status have been granted by Democracy to shackled and thwarted positions in India. While there are hierarchical and positional anomalies, there must be legal and ethical grounds. Since a majority government is faced with the disappointment of the general population, it indicates that the situation of individuals has been changed to that of the residents. The vast majority of residents accept that their vote can have a significant impact on how the government is run.

Convenience of Social Diversity

Struggles between different gatherings can never be resolved by any one public. This result is produced by a better vote-based system than any other type of government. The management of conflict, social division, and social contrast is best handled by systems of equity, which fundamentally disparate systems will deliberately ignore and stifle social distinction.

Reducing disparities and hardship

All residents have an equal burden in choosing political actors. Popular governments depend on political uniformity. Because some of the super-rich have too high wages and wealth, monetary imbalances develop. In vote-based systems, the government tries to alleviate poverty through various government welfare programs.

Financial Development and Progress

Despite the fact that vote-based systems do not guarantee the desired rotation of money, they are without a doubt many other positive outcomes; The financial advancement of majority governments will not lag behind different types of government such as autocracies.

Challenges of Democracy

Part of the difficulties of majority government are:

Unreliable and Corrupted

This leads to a lack of confidence among residents. This severely affects the operation of the domestic vote-based system. In most just countries, political pioneers and government agencies are unreliable, corrupt, and wasteful. Therefore, residents often turn to shop. They don’t even trust government agencies. This adversely affects the operation of a voting-based system within a country.

Use of antisocial factors

The use of hostile elements emerges in decisions. Many people are forced or paid to vote for a particular candidate or party. Repairs also happen during races. During the races, the work of elements hostile to social elements experienced an unexpected increase. Voters are forced to vote in favor of a particular opponent or party. Repairs also happen during races.

Development of economic and social inequality among people. There are many financial imbalances among people. Although every resident has the ability to vote and make decisions, only the wealthy are likely to win the political race. It is clear that every citizen has the privilege of voting and running for office, but only the wealthy have a chance to win political decisions. The oppressed are forced to give their votes to meet the necessities of life such as food, clothing, and shelter.

Casteism and Communism

These two are the biggest difficulties in many countries based on suffrage. Thought groups attempt to condition individuals while selling tickets to the political race. We have found that officials select based on local area and employment position for government-supported people who are in a position to be fair to their congregation.

In races, countless voters place weight on a candidate’s position and religion. Thought groups also keep an individual’s position or religion in mind while circulating tickets for a political race. Agents have chosen based on their location or religion to work for government assistance from individuals whose positions match their rank or religion.

From the above locations, these difficulties clearly depend on the stage of development of the society in which the country is developing. The objectives of these preliminary rounds also depend on the limited circumstances of a country. There are no pre-recommended techniques to deal with the difficulties faced by voting-based systems.

Sample Questions 

Question 1: What makes a majority rule government fall flat?


These four elements are dismissal (or feeble obligation to) popularity-based rules of the game, disavowal of the authenticity of political adversaries, lenience or support of savagery, and preparation to shorten common freedoms of rivals, including media.

Question 2: What are the fundamental components of a vote-based system?


The fundamental components of a vote based system are:

  • Holding of standard and free races at ordinary span.
  • Permitting all segments of society to cast a ballot without separation.
  • Giving equity and equity to all.
  • Settling of struggles.
  • Prohibiting separation based on standing, statement of faith. religion, and so forth.

Question 3: What is the greatest test a cutting-edge majority rule government needs to confront today?


The greatest and significant test of a cutting-edge majority rule government is debasement or paying off. Numerous lawmakers degenerate locals/uninformed individuals, so they can cast a ballot or choose that specific individual. They in some cases conflict with the set of rules of races.

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