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Tricks To Solve Month Based Puzzle

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  • Last Updated : 25 May, 2022

Importance of Month-Based problem

In banking exams such as IBPS, SBI, and RRB PO and Clerk, the Month Based problem plays an important role in the Reasoning Ability Section. Either in prelims or mains exams of IBPS, SBI, or RRB PO & clerk, you will get at least one set of 5 questions from a month-based puzzle. Aspirants should concentrate on month-based puzzle questions.

Tricks to Solve Month Based Puzzle:

Before attempting the problem, candidates should read all of the sentences. Based on the following characteristics, it provides you an indication of the difficulty level:-

  1. The puzzle’s number of parameters.
  2. The number of positive statements in a problem.
  3. The number of propositions that are independent or dependent.
  4. Examining the type of question: direct, indirect, or calculative.

This is a simple approach to determining the level of difficulty so that applicants can prioritize puzzles according to complexity.

We’ll now devise an approach for solving moderate to the difficult month-based puzzles. Candidates must follow the stages outlined below in the order listed: –

Step 1: Read the passage in its entirety and note down the following points:
The range and kind of parameters
Identical statements (those statements which give definite arrangement)
Statements with Dependents Direct and Indirect Statements

Step 2: Convert all statements to shorthand notes so you don’t have to reread them.

Step 3: Implement a system for organizing your items.

Step 4: Begin logically ordering the concurrent statements.

Step 5: Organize the case that is interdependent.

Step 6: Arrange the rest of the statements in a case-like manner. (In your cases, avoid using negative terms.)

All of the steps stated above must be followed while finishing each month-based puzzle.

Some practice problem with a complete solution is provided below :

Direction(1-5): Study the following information and answer the given questions carefully. 

There are seven people A, B, C, D, E, F, and G who joined the company in the same month of different years that is 2001, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2012, 2018, and 2020 but not necessarily in the same order. Each of them works in different departments of the company namely Purchase, Marketing, Finance, and HR. No more than two employees work in the same department. Take 2020 as the base year for calculation.

One of those who joined the company before 2008 works in the purchasing department. No one joined the company after B. The one who works in the HR department joined the company in 2008. E works in the finance department. C joined the company in 2009. Neither G nor C works in the Purchase department. The one who joined the company after E works in the same department as E. F joined the company three years before and works in the HR department. D works in the marketing department and joined the company eight years before B.

Q-1) Who joined the company in 2012?
A) F
B) E
C) D
D) B
E) None of these

Q-2) Who works in the HR department?
A) F
B) A
C) C
D) D
E) E

Q-3) Which of the following works in the same department as C? 
A) F
B) A
C) C
D) D
E) E

Q-4) B works in which department?
A) Purchase
B) Finance 
C) Marketing
D) HR
E) Cannot be determined
 

Q-5) Which of the following person join immediately after D? 
A) A
B) C
C) G
D) F
E) None of these
 

Explanation:

First, we have to take the direct information from the paragraph, 
1) E works in the finance department. 
2) C joined the company in 2009.
3) F joined the company three years before and works in the HR department.

From the above three points, we get the following arrangement,

 

Now with the help of indirect statements, we can make cases in a different situation 
4) No one joined the company after B.
5) D works in the marketing department and joined the company eight years before B.
6) One of those who joined the company before 2008 works in the purchasing department.
7) Neither G nor C works in the Purchase department.
 

From the above point, we can conclude that, 
From point 4, B joined the company in 2020.
From point 5, D joined the company in 2012.
From point 6, A joined the company in 2001 and works in the purchase department.
From the above references, we get the following arrangement:
 

 

7) The one who works in the HR department joined the company in 2008. 
8) The one who joined the company after E works in the same department as E. 

From that we can conclude that,
From point 8, G joined the company in 2008 and works in the HR department. E joined the company in 2018. 
From point 9, B joined the company in 2020 and works in the finance department. C works in the marketing department because C cannot work in the purchase department, Finance department and HR department.
From the above references, we get the following arrangement: 
 

 

Answers: 

Q-1) Ans: C ) D

Q-2) Ans: A ) F

Q-3) Ans: D ) D

Q-4) Ans: B ) Finance 

Q-5) Ans: E) None of these (E is the one who has just joined after D.)

Direction (6-10): Study the following information and answer the given questions carefully. 

Nine people P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, and X were born on the same day but in different months of the year 1998, but not necessarily in the same order. All are born between March and November. No one was born after November and before March. 

Three people are born between U and the one who was born in July, Q was born before w but on a month having 30 days. V is not the youngest person and was born after T. Three people were born between X and R. No one was born between U and P. Three people were born between P and W. Not More than two persons were born between S and T who were born after S. X was born before Q.

Q-6) Who was born in March?
A ) U
B) Q
C) X
D) R
E) None of these

Q-7) In Which month S was born?
A) April
B) July
C) September
D) May
E) None of these

Q-8) How many people are born between W and U?
A) 5
B) 4
C) 6
D) 3
E) None of these

Q-9) Which of the following statement is False?
A) Q was born on April
B) One person is born between S and R. 
C) T was born in the month of having 31 days.
D) V was born after T. 
E) U was born before July.

Q-10) Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and hence form a group. Which one does not belong to the group? 
A) X
B) S
C) R
D) P
E) Q
Explanation: 

1) Three people are born between U and the one who was born in July. 
2) No one was born between U and P.
3) Three people were born between P and W.
4) Q was born before w but on a month having 30 days.

From point 1 we get two possible cases are case1 and case2.
From point 4, in case 1 Q was born in April. In case 2 Q was born in June. 
 

 

5) X was born before Q.
6) Three people were born between X and R.
7) Not More than two persons were born between S and T who were born after S. 
8) V is not the youngest person and was born after T. 

From point 8, Case 2 is going to eliminate. 
 

 

Therefore the final arrangement is, 

 

Answer: 

Q-6)  Ans: C ) X

Q-7)  Ans: D) May

Q-8) Ans: B) 4

Q-9) Ans: E ) U was born before July.

Q-10) Ans: E) Q


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