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Total sum except adjacent of a given node in a Binary Tree

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 30 Aug, 2022
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Given a BT and a key Node, find the total sum in BT, except those nodes which are adjacent to key Node. 

Examples:

  1. Traverse the tree using pre-order. 
  2. If the current node is adjacent to the key then do not add it to the final sum. 
  3. If the current node is the key then do not add its children to the final sum. 
  4. If the key is not present then return the sum of all nodes.

Implementation:

C++




// C++ program to find total sum except a given Node in BT
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
struct Node {
    int data;
    struct Node *left, *right;
};
 
// insertion of Node in Tree
Node* getNode(int n)
{
    struct Node* root = new Node;
    root->data = n;
    root->left = NULL;
    root->right = NULL;
    return root;
}
 
// sum of all element except those which are adjacent to key Node
void find_sum(Node* root, int key, int& sum, bool incl)
{
    if (root) {
        if (incl) {
            sum += root->data;
 
            if (root->left && root->left->data == key) {
                sum -= root->data;
            }
            else if (root->right && root->right->data == key) {
                sum -= root->data;
            }
        }
 
        incl = root->data == key ? false : true;
        find_sum(root->left, key, sum, incl);
        find_sum(root->right, key, sum, incl);
    }
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    struct Node* root = getNode(15);
    root->left = getNode(13);
    root->left->left = getNode(12);
    root->left->left->left = getNode(11);
    root->left->right = getNode(14);
    root->right = getNode(20);
    root->right->left = getNode(18);
    root->right->right = getNode(24);
    root->right->right->left = getNode(23);
    root->right->right->right = getNode(25);
    int key = 20;
    int sum = 0;
    find_sum(root, key, sum, true);
    printf("%d ", sum);
    return 0;
}


Java




// Java program to find total sum except a given Node in BT
import java.util.*;
class Node
{
    int data;
    Node left, right;
     
    // insertion of Node in Tree
    Node(int key)
    {
        data = key;
        left = right = null;
    }
}
class GFG
{
    static class cal
   {
      int sum = 0;
    }
     
    // sum of all element except those which are adjacent to key Node
    public static void find_sum(Node root, int key, cal r, boolean incl)
    {
        if(root != null)
        {
            if(incl == true)
            {
                r.sum += root.data;
                if((root.left != null) && (root.left.data == key))
                        {
               r.sum -= root.data;
            }
                 else
                 if((root.right != null) && (root.right.data == key))
                       {
                   r.sum -= root.data;
            }
                 
            }
             
            if(root.data == key)
                incl = false;
                else
                incl = true;
                 
        find_sum(root.left, key, r, incl);
        find_sum(root.right, key, r, incl);
        }
    }
     
// Driver code
public static void main (String[] args)
{
        Node root = new Node(15);
        root.left = new Node(13);
        root.left.left = new Node(12);
        root.left.left.left = new Node(11);
        root.left.right = new Node(14);
        root.right = new Node(20);
        root.right.left = new Node(18);
        root.right.right = new Node(24);
        root.right.right.right = new Node(25);
        root.right.right.left = new Node(23);
        int key = 20;
         cal obj = new cal();
        find_sum(root, key, obj, true);
        System.out.print(obj.sum);
    }
     
}


Python




# Python program to find total
# sum except a given Node in BT
class Node:
     
    def __init__(self, data):
       
        self.left = None
        self.right = None
        self.data = data
 
# Insertion of Node in Tree
def getNode(n):
     
    root = Node(n)
    return root
 
# sum of all element except
# those which are adjacent
# to key Node
def find_sum(root, key,
             sum, incl):
 
    if (root):       
        if(incl):           
            sum += root.data;
 
            if (root.left and
                root.left.data == key):
                sum -= root.data;
             
            elif (root.right and
                  root.right.data == key):
                sum -= root.data;
         
        if root.data == key:
            incl = False
        else:
            incl = True
         
        sum = find_sum(root.left, key,
                       sum, incl);
        sum = find_sum(root.right, key,
                       sum, incl);       
    return sum       
 
# Driver code       
if __name__ == "__main__":
     
    root = getNode(15);
    root.left = getNode(13);
    root.left.left = getNode(12);
    root.left.left.left = getNode(11);
    root.left.right = getNode(14);
    root.right = getNode(20);
    root.right.left = getNode(18);
    root.right.right = getNode(24);
    root.right.right.left = getNode(23);
    root.right.right.right = getNode(25);
     
    key = 20;
    sum = 0;
    sum = find_sum(root, key,
                   sum, True);
    print(sum)
 
# This code is contributed by Rutvik_56


C#




// C# program to find total sum
// except a given Node in BT
using System;
 
public class Node
{
    public int data;
    public Node left, right;
     
    // insertion of Node in Tree
    public Node(int key)
    {
        data = key;
        left = right = null;
    }
}
public class GFG
{
public class cal
{
    public int sum = 0;
    }
     
    // sum of all element except those
    // which are adjacent to key Node
    public static void find_sum(Node root,
                    int key, cal r, bool incl)
    {
        if(root != null)
        {
            if(incl == true)
            {
                r.sum += root.data;
                if((root.left != null) &&
                    (root.left.data == key))
                {
                    r.sum -= root.data;
                }
                else
                if((root.right != null) &&
                    (root.right.data == key))
                {
                    r.sum -= root.data;
                }
                 
            }
             
            if(root.data == key)
                incl = false;
            else
                incl = true;
                 
        find_sum(root.left, key, r, incl);
        find_sum(root.right, key, r, incl);
        }
    }
     
// Driver code
public static void Main (String[] args)
{
        Node root = new Node(15);
        root.left = new Node(13);
        root.left.left = new Node(12);
        root.left.left.left = new Node(11);
        root.left.right = new Node(14);
        root.right = new Node(20);
        root.right.left = new Node(18);
        root.right.right = new Node(24);
        root.right.right.right = new Node(25);
        root.right.right.left = new Node(23);
        int key = 20;
        cal obj = new cal();
        find_sum(root, key, obj, true);
        Console.Write(obj.sum);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed Rajput-Ji


Javascript




<script>
 
 
// JavaScript program to find total sum
// except a given Node in BT
 
class Node
{
  // insertion of Node in Tree
  constructor(key)
  {
    this.data = key;
    this.left = null;
    this.right = null;
  }
}
 
class cal
{
  constructor()
  {
    this.sum = 0;
  }
}
 
 
// sum of all element except those
// which are adjacent to key Node
function find_sum(root, key, r, incl)
{
    if(root != null)
    {
        if(incl == true)
        {
            r.sum += root.data;
            if((root.left != null) &&
                (root.left.data == key))
            {
                r.sum -= root.data;
            }
            else
            if((root.right != null) &&
                (root.right.data == key))
            {
                r.sum -= root.data;
            }
             
        }
         
        if(root.data == key)
            incl = false;
        else
            incl = true;
             
    find_sum(root.left, key, r, incl);
    find_sum(root.right, key, r, incl);
    }
}
 
var root = new Node(15);
root.left = new Node(13);
root.left.left = new Node(12);
root.left.left.left = new Node(11);
root.left.right = new Node(14);
root.right = new Node(20);
root.right.left = new Node(18);
root.right.right = new Node(24);
root.right.right.right = new Node(25);
root.right.right.left = new Node(23);
var key = 20;
var obj = new cal();
find_sum(root, key, obj, true);
document.write(obj.sum);
 
</script>


Output

118 

Time Complexity: O(n) where n is the number of nodes in BT.


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