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The Himalayan Rivers

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The Himalayas or the Himalayan mountain range is a mountain range which is located in Asia, which segregates the Tibetan Plateau from the Indian subcontinent. Himalayan mountain ranges include the Hindu Kush, the Karakoram, and other smaller mountain ranges.

Overview of Himalayan Rivers

The catchment area of the Himalayan Rivers is for around 3 billion people in the countries of Bangladesh, Afghanistan, China, Bhutan, Nepal, India, Burma, Cambodia, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Thailand, and so forth.

The rivers of the Himalayas are some of the mightiest rivers and some of the most important in the world:

  1. One of the most important Himalayan rivers is the Ganges, which flows through India, Bangladesh, and Nepal. The Ganges is referred to as sacred to Hinduism and also an important source of drinking, irrigation as well as industry.
  2.  The Indus River has its origin in Tibet and flows through Pakistan. The important tributaries of the Indus are Sutlej, Beas, and Chenab.
  3. The Brahmaputra River also originates in Tibet and flows through India, Bangladesh, and China. It is one of the most important sources of water for commercial as well as irrigational purposes.

Himalayan rivers have a huge impact on the lives of the people who live in the area and are used for the purposes of drinking, washing, industry, irrigation, and transportation. The rivers also support biodiversity and wildlife.

The Indus

Indus enters Bharat within the Ladakh venue of Jammu and geographic region wherever it shapes a nice scissor. 33% of Indus’s Bowl is located in Bharat within the provinces of Jammu and the geographic region, Himachal Pradesh and therefore the geographical area and therefore the rest is in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

Indus is maybe the longest waterway on the earth with an associated absolute length of 2900 kilometers. The waterway Indus ascends in an Asian country, on the brink of Lake Manasarovar. The feeders, Zas-kar, the Nu-bra, the Shy-alright, and therefore the Hun-za go together with it within the geographic region venue. The Satluj, the Beas, the Ravi, the Chenab, and therefore the Jhelum consolidate to enter the Indus on the brink of Mithan-kot in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

The Ganga

At Devprayag, the Bhagirathi meets the Alaknanda; in the future, it’s referred to as the Ganga. The Alaknanda has its supply within the Sato-panth icy mass higher than Badrinath. The Alaknanda includes the Dhauli and therefore the Hindu deity Ganga that meets at Joshimath or the Hindu deity Prayag.

The Ganga enters the fields at Haridwar. From here, it streams initially to the south, then, at that time, toward the southeast and east before parting into 2 distributaries, above all the Bhagirathi and therefore the Padma. The stream incorporates a length of two,525 km. The Ganga is the mainstream of Bharat each in keeping with the angle of its bowl moreover, social importance. It ascends within the Gangotri glacier mass on the brink of Gaumukh (3,900m) within the Uttarkashi region of Uttarakhand. Here, it’s referred to as the Bhagirathi. It cuts through the Central and therefore the Lesser mountain range in restricted gorges.

The Ganga Bowl covers around eight.6  lakh sq. kilometer region in Bharat alone. The Ganga waterway framework is the biggest in Bharat having a variety of perpetual and non-lasting waterways beginning within the mountain range within the north and therefore the terra firm within the south. The waterway at long last releases itself into the Bay of the geographic region on the brink of Sagar Island. The significant neighborhood feeders square measure the Ramganga, the Gomati, the Ghaghara, the Gandak, the Kosi, and therefore the Mahananda.

The Brahmaputra

The river gets varied feeders in its 750-kilometer-long excursion through the province’s natural depression. Its important neighborhood feeders square measure the Burhi Dihing and Dhan-sari (South) though’ the numerous Right Bank feeders square measure the Suban-Siri, Kam-eng, Manas also, and Sank-osh. The river, maybe the most important stream on the planet, has its start line within the Chema-yung-waste ice sheet of the Kailash vary on the brink of the Mansarovar Lake. From here, it navigates toward the east lengthways for a distance of virtually one,200 kilometers in an exceedingly dry and level venue of southern Asian country, wherever it’s referred to as the Tsan-gpo. Di-hang is joined by the Dibang, the Lohit, and various totally different feeders to border the river in the province.

The river is notable for floods, channel moving, and bank disintegration. this is often due to the method that an outsized portion of its feeder’s square measure vast and conveys an immense quantity of residue inferable from weighty precipitation in its structure region. In Tibet, the stream gives a less important volume of water and less sediment because it could be a cold and dry region. it goes through a venue of high rain. And the waterway conveys a colossal volume of water and a depth live of sediment. The river goes into Bangla Desh shut Dhubri and streams toward the south. In Bangla Desh, the Teesta goes together with it on its Right Bank from wherever the stream is understood because of the Jamuna. It at long last converges with the waterway Padma, which falls within the body of water of a geographic region.

Benefits of Himalayan Rivers

Many benefits are provided by the rivers of the Himalayas for the people of the region. They are an important source of freshwater for the purposes of drinking, irrigation, and industry. The rivers also support a variety of biodiversity and aquatic life and the rivers provide transportation for goods and people. They also play an important role in the religious traditions of the region.

Himalayan rivers have an important impact on the lives of those who live in close vicinity and the mighty waterways provide important facilities for the survival of humans. They provide fresh water for supporting diverse wildlife and are also invaluable for people around. The rivers provided drinking water, irrigation, and also for transportation. The Himalayan rivers also play the role of might and religious interest, which is essential for sustaining the human life and culture of the region. From providing fresh water to supporting diverse wildlife, Himalayan rivers are very valuable.


The rivers of the Himalayas are very important for the life of a region. Water is provided for purposes such as drinking, irrigation, and also transportation. They also help in the generation of hydroelectric power and also support the local ecosystem. The proper maintenance of these rivers is very important for the persistence of good health among the people and biodiversity. Dams are considered to be economically feasible but it is important to understand their impact on the ecosystem. With the help and emphasis on proper planning and management, development can be maximized while reducing the negative impacts on the life and health of the river.

FAQs on The Himalayan Rivers

Q1: Which is referred to as the longest river in the world?


The River Nile is referred to as the longest river in the world. Some others also believed it to be the Amazon river or China’s Yangtze River.

Q2: Which is referred to as the deepest river in the world?


The deepest river in the world is referred to as the Congo River in Africa.

Q3: What is referred to as the widest river in the world?


Amazon river is referred to as the widest river in the world.

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Last Updated : 17 Apr, 2023
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