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# Sum of numbers from 1 to N which are divisible by 3 or 4

• Difficulty Level : Easy
• Last Updated : 23 Mar, 2023

Given a number N. The task is to find the sum of all those numbers from 1 to N that are divisible by 3 or by 4.
Examples

```Input : N = 5
Output : 7
sum = 3 + 4

Input : N = 12
Output : 42
sum = 3 + 4 + 6 + 8 + 9 + 12```

Approach: To solve the problem, follow the below steps:

1. Find the sum of numbers that are divisible by 3 upto N. Denote it by S1.
2. Find the sum of numbers that are divisible by 4 upto N. Denote it by S2.
3. Find the sum of numbers that are divisible by 12(3*4) upto N. Denote it by S3.
4. The final answer will be S1 + S2 – S3.

In order to find the sum, we can use the general formula of A.P. which is:

```Sn = (n/2) * {2*a + (n-1)*d}

Where,
n -> total number of terms
a -> first term
d -> common difference```

For S1: The total numbers that will be divisible by 3 upto N will be N/3 and the series will be 3, 6, 9, 12, ….

```Hence,
S1 = ((N/3)/2) * (2 * 3 + (N/3 - 1) * 3)```

For S2: The total numbers that will be divisible by 4 up to N will be N/4 and the series will be 4, 8, 12, 16, …..

```Hence,
S2 = ((N/4)/2) * (2 * 4 + (N/4 - 1) * 4)```

For S3: The total numbers that will be divisible by 12 upto N will be N/12.

```Hence,
S3 = ((N/12)/2) * (2 * 12 + (N/12 - 1) * 12)```

Therefore, the result will be:

`S = S1 + S2 - S3`

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

 `// C++ program to find sum of numbers from 1 to N` `// which are divisible by 3 or 4` `#include ` `using` `namespace` `std;`   `// Function to calculate the sum` `// of numbers divisible by 3 or 4` `int` `sum(``int` `N)` `{` `    ``int` `S1, S2, S3;`   `    ``S1 = ((N / 3)) * (2 * 3 + (N / 3 - 1) * 3) / 2;` `    ``S2 = ((N / 4)) * (2 * 4 + (N / 4 - 1) * 4) / 2;` `    ``S3 = ((N / 12)) * (2 * 12 + (N / 12 - 1) * 12) / 2;`   `    ``return` `S1 + S2 - S3;` `}`   `// Driver code` `int` `main()` `{` `    ``int` `N = 20;`   `    ``cout << sum(12);`   `    ``return` `0;` `}`

## Java

 `// Java program to find sum of numbers from 1 to N ` `// which are divisible by 3 or 4 ` `class` `GFG{`   `// Function to calculate the sum ` `// of numbers divisible by 3 or 4 ` `static` `int` `sum(``int` `N) ` `{ ` `    ``int` `S1, S2, S3; `   `    ``S1 = ((N / ``3``)) * (``2` `* ``3` `+ (N / ``3` `- ``1``) * ``3``) / ``2``; ` `    ``S2 = ((N / ``4``)) * (``2` `* ``4` `+ (N / ``4` `- ``1``) * ``4``) / ``2``; ` `    ``S3 = ((N / ``12``)) * (``2` `* ``12` `+ (N / ``12` `- ``1``) * ``12``) / ``2``; `   `    ``return` `S1 + S2 - S3; ` `} `   `// Driver code ` ` ``public` `static` `void` `main (String[] args) {` `    ``int` `N = ``20``; `   `    ``System.out.print(sum(``12``)); ` `}`   `} `

## Python3

 `# Python3 program to find sum of numbers ` `# from 1 to N` `# which are divisible by 3 or 4`   `# Function to calculate the sum ` `# of numbers divisible by 3 or 4 ` `def` `sum``(N):`   `    ``global` `S1,S2,S3`   `    ``S1 ``=` `(((N ``/``/` `3``)) ``*` `         ``(``2` `*` `3` `+` `(N ``/``/``3` `-` `1``) ``*` `3``) ``/``/``2``)` `    ``S2 ``=` `(((N ``/``/` `4``)) ``*` `         ``(``2` `*` `4` `+` `(N ``/``/` `4` `-` `1``) ``*` `4``) ``/``/` `2``)` `    ``S3 ``=` `(((N ``/``/` `12``)) ``*` `         ``(``2` `*` `12` `+` `(N ``/``/` `12` `-` `1``) ``*` `12``) ``/``/` `2``)`   `    ``return` `int``(S1 ``+` `S2 ``-` `S3)`   `if` `__name__``=``=``'__main__'``:` `    ``N ``=` `12` `    ``print``(``sum``(N))`   `# This code is contributed by Shrikant13`

## C#

 `// C# program to find sum of ` `// numbers from 1 to N which ` `// are divisible by 3 or 4 ` `using` `System;`   `class` `GFG` `{`   `// Function to calculate the sum ` `// of numbers divisible by 3 or 4 ` `static` `int` `sum(``int` `N) ` `{ ` `    ``int` `S1, S2, S3; `   `    ``S1 = ((N / 3)) * (2 * 3 + ` `          ``(N / 3 - 1) * 3) / 2; ` `    ``S2 = ((N / 4)) * (2 * 4 + ` `          ``(N / 4 - 1) * 4) / 2; ` `    ``S3 = ((N / 12)) * (2 * 12 + ` `          ``(N / 12 - 1) * 12) / 2; `   `    ``return` `S1 + S2 - S3; ` `} `   `// Driver code ` `public` `static` `void` `Main () ` `{` `    ``int` `N = 20; `   `    ``Console.WriteLine(sum(12)); ` `}` `} `   `// This code is contributed` `// by inder_verma`

## PHP

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## Javascript

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Output:

`42`

Time Complexity: O(1), since there is no loop or recursion.

Auxiliary Space: O(1), since no extra space has been taken.

#### Another Approach:

Declare two integer variables n and sum, and initialize n to the value 100 for the purpose of example.

Use a for loop to iterate from 1 to n, where the variable i is the loop counter.

For each iteration, check whether i is divisible by 3 or 4 using the modulo operator %. If the condition is true, add i to the variable sum.

After the loop has completed, print out the value of sum using printf.

Return 0 to indicate that the program has executed successfully.

## C

 `#include `   `int` `main() {` `    ``int` `n = 100; ``// assuming n is 100 for example purposes` `    ``int` `sum = 0;`   `    ``for` `(``int` `i = 1; i <= n; i++) {` `        ``if` `(i % 3 == 0 || i % 4 == 0) {` `            ``sum += i;` `        ``}` `    ``}`   `    ``printf``(``"Sum of numbers from 1 to %d which are divisible by 3 or 4 is %d\n"``, n, sum);`   `    ``return` `0;` `}`

## Java

 `// Java program for the above approach` `public` `class` `Main {` `    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args) {` `        ``int` `n = ``100``; ``// assuming n is 100 for example purposes` `        ``int` `sum = ``0``;`   `        ``for` `(``int` `i = ``1``; i <= n; i++) {` `            ``if` `(i % ``3` `== ``0` `|| i % ``4` `== ``0``) {` `                ``sum += i;` `            ``}` `        ``}`   `        ``System.out.printf(``"Sum of numbers from 1 to %d which are divisible by 3 or 4 is %d\n"``, n, sum);` `    ``}` `}`   `// Contributed by adityasha4x71`

## Python3

 `# Python program for the above approach`   `n ``=` `100`  `# assuming n is 100 for example purposes` `sum` `=` `0`   `for` `i ``in` `range``(``1``, n``+``1``):` `    ``if` `i ``%` `3` `=``=` `0` `or` `i ``%` `4` `=``=` `0``:` `        ``sum` `+``=` `i`   `print``(f``"Sum of numbers from 1 to {n} which are divisible by 3 or 4 is {sum}"``)`

Output

`Sum of numbers from 1 to 100 which are divisible by 3 or 4 is 2551`

The time complexity of this program is O(n), where n is the upper limit of the range of numbers to be considered.

The space complexity is O(1), as the memory usage is constant regardless of the value of n.

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