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Subjects Mentioned in the Union List of Indian Constitution

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  • Last Updated : 28 Nov, 2022
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In government exams like SSC, Banking, Railways, etc we find many questions from the general awareness section. Here we are going to provide a complete list of “Subjects mentioned in the Union List” So that students can learn and get most of the questions correct in this section.

Sr. No.    

Subject Mentioned in the Union List

1 Defence of India and every part thereof including preparation for defence and all such acts as may be conducive in times of war to its prosecution and after its termination to effective demobilization.
2 Naval, military, and air forces; any other armed forces of the Union.
2A Deployment of any armed force of the Union or any other force subject to the control of the Union or any contingent or unit thereof in any State in aid of the civil power; powers, jurisdiction, privileges and liabilities of the members of such forces while on such deployment.
3 Delimitation of cantonment areas, local self-government in such areas, the constitution and powers within such areas of cantonment authorities and the regulation of house accommodation (including the control of rents) in such areas.
4 Naval, military, and air force works.
5 Arms, firearms, ammunition, and explosives.
6 Atomic energy and mineral resources are necessary for its production.
7 Industries are declared by Parliament by law to be necessary for the purpose of defence or for the prosecution of the war.
8 Central Bureau of Intelligence and Investigation.
9 Preventive detention for reasons connected with Defence, Foreign Affairs, or the security of India; persons subjected to such detention.
10 Foreign affairs; all matters which bring the Union into relation with any foreign country.
11 Diplomatic, consular, and trade representation.
12 United Nations Organisation
13 Participation in international conferences, associations, and other bodies and implementing of decisions made thereat.
14 Entering into treaties and agreements with foreign countries and implementing of treaties, agreements, and conventions with foreign countries.
15 War and peace.
16 Foreign jurisdiction.
17 Citizenship, naturalization, and aliens.
18 Extradition.
19 Admission into, and emigration and expulsion from, India; passports and visas.
20 Pilgrimages to places outside India.
21 Piracies and crimes committed on the high seas or in the air; offences against the law of nations committed on land or the high seas or in the air.
22 Railways.
23 Highways declared by or under law made by Parliament to be national highways.
24 Shipping and navigation on inland waterways, declared by Parliament by law to be national waterways, as regards mechanically propelled vessels; the rule of the road on such waterways
25 Maritime shipping and navigation, including shipping and navigation on tidal waters; provision of education and training for the mercantile marine and regulation of such education and training provided by States and other agencies.
26 Lighthouses, including lightships, beacons, and other provisions for the safety of shipping and aircraft.
27 Ports declared by or under law made by Parliament or existing law to be major ports, including their delimitation, and the constitution and powers of port authorities therein.
28 Port quarantine, including hospitals connected therewith; seamen’s and marine hospitals.
29 Airways aircraft and air navigation; provision of aerodromes; regulation and organization of air traffic, and of aerodromes; provision for aeronautical education and training and regulation of such education and training provided by States and other agencies.
30 Carriage of passengers and goods by railway, sea or air, or by national waterways in mechanically propelled vessels.
31 Posts and telegraphs, telephones, wireless, broadcasting, and other forms of communication.
32 Property of the Union and the revenue therefrom, but as regards property situated in a State subject to legislation by the State, save in so far as Parliament by law otherwise provides.
33 Omitted
34 Courts of wards for the estates of Rulers of Indian States. 
35 The public debt of the Union.
36 Currency, coinage, and legal tender; foreign exchange.
37 Foreign loans
38 Reserve Bank of India
39 Post Office Savings Bank
40 Lotteries are organized by the Government of India or the Government of a State.
41 Trade and commerce with foreign countries import and export across customs frontiers definition of customs frontiers.
42 Inter-State trade and commerce.
43 Incorporation, regulation, and winding up of trading corporations, including banking, insurance, and financial corporations but not including Co-operative Societies.
44 Incorporation, regulation, and winding up of corporations, whether trading or not, with objects not confined to one State, but not including universities.
45 Banking
46 Bills of exchange, cheques, promissory notes, and other like instruments.
47 Insurance
48 Stock exchanges and futures markets.
49 Patents, inventions, and designs; copyright; trademarks and merchandise marks.
50 Establishment of standards of weight and measure.
51 Establishment of standards of quality for goods to be exported out of India or transported from one State to another.
52 Industries, the control of which by the Union is declared by Parliament by law to be expedient in the public interest.
53 Regulation and development of oilfields and mineral oil resources; petroleum and petroleum products; other liquids and substances declared by Parliament by law to be dangerously inflammable.
54 Regulation of mines and mineral development to the extent to which such regulation and development under the control of the Union are declared by Parliament by law to be expedient in the public interest.
55 Regulation of labour and safety in mines and oil fields.
56 Regulation and development of inter-State rivers and river valleys to the extent to which such regulation and development under the control of the Union are declared by Parliament by law to be expedient in the public interest.
57 Fishing and fisheries beyond territorial waters.
58 Manufacture, supply, and distribution of salt by Union agencies; regulations and control of manufacture, supply, and distribution of salt by other agencies.
59 Cultivation, manufacture, and sale for export, of opium.
60 Sanctioning of cinematograph films for exhibition.
61 Industrial disputes concerning Union employees.
62 The institutions known at the commencement of this Constitution as the National Library, the Indian Museum, the Imperial War Museum, the Victoria Memorial and the Indian War Memorial, and any other like institution financed by the Government of India wholly or in part and declared by Parliament by law to be an institution of national importance.
63 The institutions known at the commencement of this Constitution as the Banaras Hindu University, the Aligarh Muslim University and the Delhi University; the University established in pursuance of Article 371-E; any other institution declared by Parliament by law to be an institution of national importance.
64 Institutions for scientific or technical education financed by the Government of India wholly or in part and declared by Parliament by law to be institutions of national importance.
65 Union agencies and institutions for –

(a)  professional, vocational, or technical training, including the training of police officers; or
(b) the promotion of special studies or research; or
(c)  scientific or technical assistance in the investigation or detection of crime.

66 Coordination and determination of standards in institutions for higher education or research and scientific and technical institutions.
67 Ancient and historical monuments and records, and archaeological sites and remains, are declared by or under law made by Parliament to be of national importance.
68 The Survey of India, the Geological, Botanical, Zoological and Anthropological Surveys of India; Meteorological organizations.
69 Census
70 Union public services; all-India services; Union Public Service Commission.
71 Union Pensions, that is to say, pensions payable by the Government of India or out of the Consolidated Fund of India.
72 Elections to Parliament, to the Legislatures of States, and to the offices of President and Vice-President; the Election Commission.
73 Salaries and allowances of members of Parliament, the Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Council of States and the Sneaker and Deputy Speaker of the House of the People.
74 Powers, privileges and Immunities of each House of Parliament and of the members and the Committees of each House enforcement of attendance of persons for giving evidence or producing documents before committees of Parliament or commissions appointed by Parliament.
75 Emoluments, allowances. privileges, and rights in respect of leave of absence, of the President and Governor’s salaries and allowances of the Ministers for the Union; the Salaries, allowances, and rights in respect of leave of absence and other conditions of service of the Comptroller and Auditor-General.
76 Audit of the accounts of the Union and of the States.
77 Constitution, organization, jurisdiction, and powers of the Supreme Court (including contempt of such Court). and the fees are taken therein persons entitled to practice before the Supreme Court.
78 Constitution and organization (including vacations) of the High Courts except for provisions as to officers and servants of High Courts; persons entitled to practice before the High Courts.
79 Extensions of the jurisdiction of a High Court to, and exclusion of the jurisdiction of a High Court from any Union territory.
80 Extension of the powers and jurisdiction of members of a police force belonging to any State to any area outside that State, but not so as to enable the police of one State to exercise powers and jurisdiction in any area outside that State without the consent of the Government of the State in which such area is situated; extension of the powers and jurisdiction of members of a police force belonging to any State to railway areas outside that State.
81 Inter-state migration; inter-State quarantine.
82 Taxes on income other than agricultural income.
83 Duties of customs including export duties.
84 Duties of excise on tobacco and other goods manufactured or produced in India except for alcoholic liquors for human consumption and opium, Indian hemp and other narcotic drugs and narcotics;
but including medicinal and toilet preparations containing alcohol o
85 Corporation tax
86 Taxes on the capital value of the assets, exclusive of agricultural land. of individuals and companies; taxes on the capital of companies.
87 Estate duty in respect of property other than agricultural land.
88 Duties in respect of succession to property other than agricultural land.
89 Terminal taxes on goods or passengers, carried by railway, sea or air; taxes on railway fares and freights.
90 Taxes other than stamp duties on transactions in stock exchanges and futures markets.
91 Rates of the stamp duty in respect of bills of exchange, cheques, promissory notes, bills of lading, letters of credit, policies of insurance, transfer of shares, debentures, proxies, and receipts.
92 Taxes on the sale or purchase of newspapers and on advertisements published therein.
92A Taxes on the sale or purchase of goods other than newspapers, where such sale or purchase takes place in the course of inter-State trade or commerce.
93 Offences against laws with respect to any of the matters in this List.
94 Inquiries, surveys, and statistics for the purpose of any of the matters in this List.
95 Jurisdiction and powers of all courts, except the Supreme Court, with respect to any of the matters in this List admiralty jurisdiction.
96 Fees in respect of any of the matters in this List, but not including fees taken in any court.
97 Any other matter not enumerated in List II or List III including any tax not mentioned in either of those lists.

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