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strnset() function in C

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 26 Sep, 2018

The strnset() function is a builtin function in C and it sets the first n characters of a string to a given character. If n is greater than the length of string, the length of string is used in place of n.

Syntax:

char *strnset(const char *str, char ch, int n);

Parameters:

  • str: This is the original string in which some character are replaced by a given character.
  • ch: ch represents the given character.
  • n: n represents the number of character which is replaced by the given character.

Return Value: It returns the modified string obtained after replacing the first n characters of the given string str.

Below programs illustrate the strnset() function in C:

Program 1:




// C program to illustrate 
// the strnset() function
  
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
  
int main()
{
    char str[] = "GeeksforGeeks";
      
    printf("Original String: %s\n", str);
      
    // First 5 character of string str
    // replaced by character '*'
    printf("Modified String: %s\n", strnset(str, '*', 5));
      
    return 0;
}


Output:

Original String: GeeksforGeeks
Modified String: *****forGeeks

Program 2:




// C program to illustrate 
// the strnset() function
  
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
  
int main()
{
    char str[] = "Computer Science";
      
    printf("Original String: %s\n", str);
      
    // First 5 character of string str
    // replaced by character '*'
    printf("Modified String: %s\n", strnset(str, '*', 5));
      
    return 0;
}


Output:

Original String: Computer Science
Modified String: *****ter Science

Note: The strnset() function is not a part of the standard C library and thus might not run on the online compilers.


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