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SSL vs HTTPS – Which One is More Secure?

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  • Last Updated : 21 Feb, 2022

In this article, we will learn about the difference between HTTPS and SSL and then finally discuss which one of them is more reliable and secure.

HTTPS:

HTTPS stands for Hypertext transfer protocol secure. It is the basic Internet protocol used by websites on web browsers. HTTPS is the secure version of the HTTP protocol. It is encrypted so it keeps all data transferred with the protocol to be completely safe. HTTPS protocol is highly useful in places like logging in to a personal account or using banking credentials for a financial platform. HTTPS enables the information transferred between the web browser and the server to be confidential and it can only be viewed by authorized users only. In the normal HTTP protocol, the information between the browser and the server is divided in form of data packets and then transferred, so it becomes easy for attackers to sniff these data packets and then read out the sensitive information. But this cannot take place in HTTPS protocol.

SSL:

SSL stands for secure socket layers. SSL is basically a part of HTTPS protocol which is responsible for the encryption of the Internet security protocol. It is responsible for the integrity of data, the confidentiality of data, and its availability to authorized users only. SSL is the main protocol that performs the encryption task in HTTPS protocol to convert it into a random string of alphabets and numbers. SSL has a popular handshake authentication procedure where it authenticates and only allows authorized devices to perform the communication over the Internet. SSL also performs digital signatures on each of the conversations that take place over the Internet. 

More Secure – HTTPS or SSL:

  • Both HTTPS and SSL perform the same thing of making the online transactions and conversations to be more secure and encrypted over the Internet. HTTPS and SSL are similar things but not the same.
  • HTTPS basically a standard Internet protocol that makes the online data to be encrypted and is a more advanced and secure version of the HTTP protocol.
  • SSL is a part of the HTTPS protocol that performs the encryption of the data.
  • HTTPS uses a combination of technologies like HTTP and SLL/TLS together to perform the encryption whereas the SSL protocol is a cryptographic protocol that will encrypt online communication.
  • HTTPS and SSL are fundamentally and structurally similar things and they perform operations but they are quite different in their approach.
  • SSL is a secure protocol that provides safer conversations between two or more parties across the internet. It works on top of the HTTP to provide security. In terms of security, SSL is more secure than HTTPS.

HTTPS

SSL

It stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure. It stands for Secure Sockets Layer.
It is the more secure version of the HTTP protocol and has more encrypted features. It is the only cryptographic protocol.
HTTPS is made when we combine HTTP protocol along with SSL. SSL can also be used alone for encryption.
HTTPS is mainly used in websites for banking credentials and personal accounts login. SSL cannot be used all alone for a particular website. It is combined with HTTP protocol then used for encryption.
HTTPS is more secure and it is the latest version of the HTTP protocol which has been available to date. SSL is discontinued and now TLS (transport layer security) is used in its place.
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