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  • Last Updated : 27 May, 2022
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SQL is also pronounced as the Structured Query Language. It is a fourth-generation programming language. Its purpose is to manage data stored in relational database management systems. It is mainly useful for handling structured data where relations exist between various data entities. 

MySQL is an open-source RDBMS developed by MySQL AB and owned by Oracle Corporation. It is a combination of two words – ‘My’ and ‘SQL’. ‘My’ is the name of one of the co-founders Michael Wideness’s daughter and ‘SQL’ stands for Structured Query Language. MySQL is written in C and C++ programming languages. It supports Linux, Solaris, macOS, Windows and FreeBSD operating systems.


Following is a table of differences between SQL and MySQL:

Sr. No.



1. It is a structured query programming language that manages the relational database management system.  It is a relational database management system that uses SQL. It supports all the basic programming languages like C, C++, Perl, PHP, Python, and Ruby.
2. It is not an open-source language.  MySQL is an open-source platform. It allows access to anyone.
3. In a structured query language syntax and format are fixed and easy to use. It starts with the clause and ends with a semicolon.  It is software hence it does not have any commands or a particular format.
4. It supports only a single storage engine for different operations. MySQL supports different storage engines for different functions and operations. 
5. It supports user-defined functions and XML.  It does not support any user-defined function and XML.
6. SQL servers are secured as no third party or outsiders are allowed to manipulate data.  MySQL is not secure due to its open-source nature. It gives access to data manipulation and modification to unauthorized users.
7. In SQL, the server and database work independently.  MySQL servers do not work independently from databases.
8. It is available in many languages.  It is available only in simple English language.
9. It does not support any connectors.  It supports connectors like Workbench Tool for building databases.
10. SQL follows a simple standard format without many or regular updates. MySQL has numerous variants and gets frequent updates.
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