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Spring Boot – Starters

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 11 Jul, 2021

Before Spring Boot was introduced, Spring Developers used to spend a lot of time on Dependency management. Spring Boot Starters were introduced to solve this problem so that the developers can spend more time on actual code than Dependencies. Spring Boot Starters are dependency descriptors that can be added under the <dependencies> section in pom.xml. There are around 50+ Spring Boot Starters for different Spring and related technologies. These starters give all the dependencies under a single name. For example, if you want to use Spring Data JPA for database access, you can include spring-boot-starter-data-jpa dependency. 

The advantages of using Starters are as follows:

  • Increase productivity by decreasing the Configuration time for developers.
  • Managing the POM is easier since the number of dependencies to be added is decreased.
  • Tested, Production-ready, and supported dependency configurations.
  • No need to remember the name and version of the dependencies.

Spring Boot Starter Data JPA is illustrated below: 

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

This gives all the required dependencies and can be seen under the Maven tab in IntelliJ IDEA.

Spring Boot Data JPA dependencies

In earlier days, developers used to include all those dependencies. Now Spring Boot Starters provides all those with just a single dependency. The official starters follow a naming convention spring-boot-starter-*, where * denotes application type. For example, if we want to build web including RESTful applications using Spring MVC we have to use spring-boot-starter-web dependency.

Third-Party Starters

If you want to make your own starter or other third-party starters name should not start with spring-boot as it reserved for official Spring Boot Starters. It can start with the name of the project. For example, if the name of the project is gfg-code-template, then the name of the starter can be gfg-code-template-spring-boot-starter

Here out we will be discussing all 3 starters and the following starters are provided by the Spring Boot under org.springframework.boot group. They are namely and covered as follows:

  1. Application Starters
  2. Production Starters
  3. Technical Starters 

Let us elaborate these starters in the same sequential order which is as follows:

(A) Spring Boot Application Starters

Name 

Description

spring-boot-starter Core starter, including auto-configuration support, logging, and YAML
spring-boot-starter-activemq Starter for JMS messaging using Apache ActiveMQ
spring-boot-starter-amqp Starter for using Spring AMQP and Rabbit MQ
spring-boot-starter-aop Starter for aspect-oriented programming with Spring AOP and AspectJ
spring-boot-starter-artemis Starter for JMS messaging using Apache Artemis
spring-boot-starter-batch Starter for using Spring Batch
spring-boot-starter-cache Starter for using Spring Framework’s caching support
spring-boot-starter-data-cassandra Starter for using Cassandra distributed database and Spring Data Cassandra
spring-boot-starter-data-cassandra-reactive Starter for using Cassandra distributed database and Spring Data Cassandra Reactive
spring-boot-starter-data-couchbase Starter for using Couchbase document-oriented database and Spring Data Couchbase
spring-boot-starter-data-couchbase-reactive Starter for using Couchbase document-oriented database and Spring Data Couchbase Reactive
spring-boot-starter-data-elasticsearch Starter for using Elasticsearch search and analytics engine and Spring Data Elasticsearch
spring-boot-starter-data-jdbc Starter for using Spring Data JDBC
spring-boot-starter-data-jpa Starter for using Spring Data JPA with Hibernate
spring-boot-starter-data-ldap Starter for using Spring Data LDAP
spring-boot-starter-data-mongodb Starter for using MongoDB document-oriented database and Spring Data MongoDB
spring-boot-starter-data-mongodb-reactive Starter for using MongoDB document-oriented database and Spring Data MongoDB Reactive
spring-boot-starter-data-neo4j Starter for using Neo4j graph database and Spring Data Neo4j
spring-boot-starter-data-r2dbc Starter for using Spring Data R2DBC
spring-boot-starter-data-redis Starter for using Redis key-value data store with Spring Data Redis and the Lettuce client
spring-boot-starter-data-redis-reactive Starter for using Redis key-value data store with Spring Data Redis reactive and the Lettuce client
spring-boot-starter-data-rest Starter for exposing Spring Data repositories over REST using Spring Data REST
spring-boot-starter-freemarker Starter for building MVC web applications using FreeMarker views
spring-boot-starter-groovy-templates Starter for building MVC web applications using Groovy Templates views
spring-boot-starter-hateoas Starter for building hypermedia-based RESTful web application with Spring MVC and Spring HATEOAS
spring-boot-starter-integration Starter for using Spring Integration
spring-boot-starter-jdbc Starter for using JDBC with the HikariCP connection pool
spring-boot-starter-jersey Starter for building RESTful web applications using JAX-RS and Jersey. An alternative to spring-boot-starter-web
spring-boot-starter-jooq Starter for using jOOQ to access SQL databases. An alternative to spring-boot-starter-data-jpa or spring-boot-starter-jdbc
spring-boot-starter-json Starter for reading and writing json
spring-boot-starter-jta-atomikos Starter for JTA transactions using Atomikos
spring-boot-starter-mail Starter for using Java Mail and Spring Framework’s email sending support
spring-boot-starter-mustache Starter for building web applications using Mustache views
spring-boot-starter-oauth2-client Starter for using Spring Security’s OAuth2/OpenID Connect client features
spring-boot-starter-oauth2-resource-server Starter for using Spring Security’s OAuth2 resource server features
spring-boot-starter-quartz Starter for using the Quartz scheduler
spring-boot-starter-rsocket Starter for building RSocket clients and servers
spring-boot-starter-security Starter for using Spring Security
spring-boot-starter-test Starter for testing Spring Boot applications with libraries including JUnit Jupiter, Hamcrest and Mockito
spring-boot-starter-thymeleaf Starter for building MVC web applications using Thymeleaf views
spring-boot-starter-validation Starter for using Java Bean Validation with Hibernate Validator
spring-boot-starter-web Starter for building web, including RESTful, applications using Spring MVC. Uses Tomcat as the default embedded container.
spring-boot-starter-web-services Starter for using Spring Web Services
spring-boot-starter-webflux Starter for building WebFlux applications using Spring Framework’s Reactive Web support
spring-boot-starter-websocket Starter for building WebSocket applications using Spring Framework’s WebSocket support

(B) Spring Boot Production Starters

Name

Description

spring-boot-starter-actuator Starter for using Spring Boot’s Actuator which provides production-ready features to help you monitor and manage your application

(C) Spring Boot Technical Starters

Name

Description

spring-boot-starter-jetty Starter for using Jetty as the embedded servlet container. An alternative to spring-boot-starter-tomcat
spring-boot-starter-log4j2 Starter for using Log4j2 for logging. An alternative to spring-boot-starter-logging
spring-boot-starter-logging Starter for logging using Logback. Default logging starter
spring-boot-starter-reactor-netty Starter for using Reactor Netty as the embedded reactive HTTP server.
spring-boot-starter-tomcat Starter for using Tomcat as the embedded servlet container. Default servlet container starter used by spring-boot-starter-web
spring-boot-starter-undertow Starter for using Undertow as the embedded servlet container. An alternative to spring-boot-starter-tomcat

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