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Spring Boot JPA Sample Maven Project With Query Methods

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  • Last Updated : 09 Oct, 2022
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In this article, let us see a sample maven project in Spring Boot JPA with Query methods. Spring Boot + JPA removes the boilerplate code and it will be enhanced much if we use query methods as well. Let us discuss this project with MySQL Connectivity for geeksforgeeks database and table name as “Contest”.

Sample Project

MySQL scripts:

-- if we want to drop the database, we can use this
DROP DATABASE IF EXISTS geeksforgeeks;
--creation of database
CREATE DATABASE geeksforgeeks;
--Make the database active
USE geeksforgeeks;
--Create the table Contest
CREATE TABLE `Contest` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `contestName` varchar(45) NOT NULL,
  `contestDescription` varchar(45) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=6 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

Project Structure:

 

Maven Project. All dependencies are specified here

pom.xml

XML




         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 
                             http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <groupId>com.gfg</groupId>
    <artifactId>SpringDataJPAQueryMethods</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <properties>
     <maven.compiler.source>1.8</maven.compiler.source>
     <maven.compiler.target>1.8</maven.compiler.target>
    </properties>
    <dependencies>
    <!--  Spring framework with support for Spring Data JPA -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-orm</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.hibernate</groupId>
            <artifactId>hibernate-core</artifactId>
            <version>5.4.1.Final</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.data</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-data-jpa</artifactId>
            <version>2.1.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--  Spring framework with 
              support for Spring Data JPA -->
        <!-- MySQL dependency -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>8.0.14</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</project>


Let’s start with the Model class

Contest.java

Java




import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.GenerationType;
import javax.persistence.Id;
  
@Entity
public class Contest {
    
    @Id
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    private Long id;
    private String contestName;
    private String contestDescription;
  
    protected Contest() {
    }
  
    public Long getId() {
        return id;
    }
  
    public void setId(Long id) {
        this.id = id;
    }
      
    public String getContestName() {
        return contestName;
    }
  
    public void setContestName(String contestName) {
        this.contestName = contestName;
    }
  
    public String getContestDescription() {
        return contestDescription;
    }
  
    public void setContestDescription(String contestDescription) {
        this.contestDescription = contestDescription;
    }
  
    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "Contest [contestName=" + contestName + ", contestDescription=" + contestDescription + "]";
    }
  
}


ContestAppConfiguration.java

Java




import javax.persistence.EntityManagerFactory;
  
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.config.EnableJpaRepositories;
import org.springframework.orm.jpa.JpaTransactionManager;
import org.springframework.orm.jpa.LocalEntityManagerFactoryBean;
  
@Configuration
// Entire package contents of 
// com.gfg.jpaquerymethods need to be looked
@EnableJpaRepositories(basePackages = {"com.gfg.jpaquerymethods"})
public class ContestAppConfiguration {
    @Bean
    public LocalEntityManagerFactoryBean entityManagerFactory() {
        LocalEntityManagerFactoryBean factoryBean = new LocalEntityManagerFactoryBean();
        factoryBean.setPersistenceUnitName("GeeksDB");
          
        return factoryBean;
    }
      
    @Bean
    public JpaTransactionManager transactionManager(EntityManagerFactory entityManagerFactory) {
        JpaTransactionManager transactionManager = new JpaTransactionManager();
        transactionManager.setEntityManagerFactory(entityManagerFactory);
          
        return transactionManager;
    }    
}


Now let us define the methods in ContestRepositoryWithQuery for the query methods

// We can write the query as our needs, that will help to make clear what is happening inside
@Query("SELECT contest.contestName FROM Contest contest where contest.id = :id") 
String findContestByIdString(@Param("id") Long id);
 
// In case if we have multiple arguments, we can write 
// queries based on position as well as name
// Position based queries
// We cannot change the order of the method parameters
// We cannot change the order of the placeholders without breaking our database query
@Query("SELECT contest FROM Contest contest where contest.contestName = ?1 AND contest.id = ?2")
public Optional<Contest> findByContestNameAndId(String contestName, Long id);
// Named Parameter
// The @Param annotation configures the name of the named parameter that is replaced with the value of the method parameter.
// This will be more helpful than positional based
@Query("SELECT contest FROM Contest contest where contest.contestName = :contestName AND contest.id = :id")
public Optional<Contest> findByNamedParameter(@Param("contestName") String contestName, 
                                                    @Param("id") Long id);
@Async annotation and Future<T>
There will be situations where the query method need to execute asynchronously and 
in those cases, annotation has to be done with @Async annotation and return a Future<T> object.
 
@Async
Future<Contest> findContest1ById(Long id);
     
@Async
Future<Optional<Contest>> findContest2ById(Long id);
 
@Async
Future<Contest> findContestAsyncByContestName(String contestName);
     
@Async
Future<Stream<Contest>> findContestAsyncStreamByContestName(String contestName);

With the Async, we can even have our Query too

@Async
@Query("SELECT contest.contestName FROM Contest contest where contest.id = :id") 
Future<Optional<String>> findContestById(@Param("id") Long id);
    
@Async
@Query("SELECT contest.contestName FROM Contest contest where contest.id = :id") 
Future<String> findContestAsyncById(@Param("id") Long id);

By combining all, lets code the below Java

ContestRepositoryWithQuery.java

Java




import java.util.List;
import java.util.Optional;
import java.util.concurrent.Future;
import java.util.stream.Stream;
  
import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.Query;
import org.springframework.data.repository.CrudRepository;
import org.springframework.data.repository.query.Param;
import org.springframework.scheduling.annotation.Async;
  
public interface ContestRepositoryWithQuery extends CrudRepository<Contest, Long> {
  
    @Query("SELECT contest.contestName FROM Contest contest where contest.id = :id"
    String findContestByIdString(@Param("id") Long id);
      
    @Query("SELECT contest.contestName FROM Contest contest where contest.contestName = :contestName"
    String findContestByContestName(@Param("contestName") String contestName);
      
    List<Contest> findByContestName(String contestName);
      
    // Position based parameter binding
    // We cannot change the order of the method parameters
    // We cannot change the order of the placeholders 
    // without breaking our database query
    @Query("SELECT contest FROM Contest contest where contest.contestName = ?1 AND contest.id = ?2")
    public Optional<Contest> findByContestNameAndId(String contestName, Long id);
      
    // Named Parameter
    // The @Param annotation configures the name of the 
    // named parameter that is replaced with the value
    // of the method parameter.
    // This will be more helpful than positional based
    @Query("SELECT contest FROM Contest contest where contest.contestName = :contestName AND contest.id = :id")
    public Optional<Contest> findByNamedParameter(@Param("contestName") String contestName, 
                                                    @Param("id") Long id);
      
    @Async
    Future<Contest> findContest1ById(Long id);
       
    @Async
    Future<Optional<Contest>> findContest2ById(Long id);
   
    @Async
    Future<Contest> findContestAsyncByContestName(String contestName);
       
    @Async
    Future<Stream<Contest>> findContestAsyncStreamByContestName(String contestName);
      
    @Async
    @Query("SELECT contest.contestName FROM Contest contest where contest.id = :id"
    Future<Optional<String>> findContestById(@Param("id") Long id);
      
    @Async
    @Query("SELECT contest.contestName FROM Contest contest where contest.id = :id"
    Future<String> findContestAsyncById(@Param("id") Long id);    
      
}


Let’s consume the repository in a service file and as a test method, let’s test everything

ContestQueryService.java

Java




import java.util.List;
import java.util.Optional;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.Future;
  
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
  
@Service("contestQueryService")
public class ContestQueryService {
    
    @Autowired
    private ContestRepositoryWithQuery contestRepositoryWithQuery;
      
    public void test() {
        // Save a new contest
        Contest geekContest = new Contest();
        geekContest.setContestName("PremierLeague");
        geekContest.setContestDescription("Inviting Geeks To submit articles in plenty");
          
        contestRepositoryWithQuery.save(geekContest);
          
        Contest hackthoContest = new Contest();
        hackthoContest.setContestName("Hackathon");
        hackthoContest.setContestDescription("Coding Round Challenge");        
        contestRepositoryWithQuery.save(hackthoContest);
          
        Optional<Contest> result = contestRepositoryWithQuery.findById(1L);
        result.ifPresent(contest -> System.out.println(contest));
          
        // Positional based test
        Optional<Contest> result1 = contestRepositoryWithQuery.findByContestNameAndId("PremierLeague",6L);
        result1.ifPresent(contest -> System.out.println("Searched for PremierLeague.." + contest));
          
        // Named query test
        Optional<Contest> namedQueryResult = contestRepositoryWithQuery.findByNamedParameter("PremierLeague",6L);
        namedQueryResult.ifPresent(contest -> System.out.println("Searched for PremierLeague.." + contest));
          
        // Find contest by contest name
        List<Contest> contests = contestRepositoryWithQuery.findByContestName("Hackathon");
        contests.forEach(contest -> System.out.println("Searched for Hackathon.." + contest));
          
        // List all contests
        Iterable<Contest> iterator = contestRepositoryWithQuery.findAll();
        iterator.forEach(contest -> System.out.println(contest));
          
        // Count number of contest
        long countOfContest = contestRepositoryWithQuery.count();
        System.out.println("Number of contest held: " + countOfContest);
          
        // Async way of testing
        Future<Contest> resultAsync = contestRepositoryWithQuery.findContest1ById(6L);
        try {
            System.out.println("Async way of getting contestname.." + resultAsync.get().getContestName());
        } catch (InterruptedException e1) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e1.printStackTrace();
        } catch (ExecutionException e1) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e1.printStackTrace();
        }
          
        Future<Optional<Contest>> hackathonAsyncResult = contestRepositoryWithQuery.findContest2ById(7L);
        result.ifPresent(hackathonContest -> System.out.println(hackathonContest));
          
        Future<Contest> asyncContest = contestRepositoryWithQuery.findContestAsyncByContestName("Hackathon");
        try {
            System.out.println("contestname retrieval in async way .." + asyncContest.get().getContestName());
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (ExecutionException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
          
        Future<Optional<String>> contestDetails = contestRepositoryWithQuery.findContestById(10L);
        //contestDetails.ifPresent(hackathonContest -> System.out.println(hackathonContest));
          
        Future<String> contestString = contestRepositoryWithQuery.findContestAsyncById(10L);
        System.out.println(contestString);
    }
}


We can call the service file via 

ContestTestIncludingQueryMethods.java

Java




import org.springframework.context.annotation.AnnotationConfigApplicationContext;
  
public class ContestTestIncludingQueryMethods {
  
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        AnnotationConfigApplicationContext appContext = new AnnotationConfigApplicationContext();
        appContext.scan("com.gfg.jpaquerymethods");
        appContext.refresh();
  
        ContestQueryService contestService = (ContestQueryService) appContext.getBean("contestQueryService");
        contestService.test();
  
        appContext.close();
    }
  
}


We can run the test file as a normal Java application and can find the observations. First, let us have DB data display

DB data display

 

Output:

 

Positional Query Output:

Positional Query Output

 

Named Query Output:

Named Query Output

 

Async Way of Output:

Async Way of Output

 

As we have different options available with Query methods, we can choose them as per our needs.


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