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Social, Religious And National Movement

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The Indian society in the first half of 19th century was caste ridden, decadence and rigidity. followed certain practices with humanitarian feelings or values but still being followed in the name of religion.Various socio-religious movements in British India not only reformed Indians but also led to the rise of Nationalism in INDIA.

Q.1. Which Sikh Guru started expressing his ideas through hymns called “Shabad”
a) Guru Angad
b) Guru Nanak
c) Guru Gobind Singh
d) Guru Tegh Bahadur

Correct option – b
Explanation: For Baba Guru Nanak, the Absolute or “rab” had no gender or form. He proposed a simple way to connect to the Divine by remembering and repeating the Divine Name, expressing his ideas through hymns called “Shabad” in Punjabi, the language of the region.

Q.2.Where was the headquarter of the Indian National Army set up?
(a) Rangoon
(b) Singapore
(c) Both a and b
(d) None of these 

Correct option – c
Explanation: Subhas Bose set up two INA headquarters, in Rangoon and in Singapore, and began to reorganize the INA. Hence c is correct.

Q.3 Consider the following tribal movements:
1. Santhal rebellion under Sidhu and Kanhu
2. Munda rebellion under BirsaMunda
3. Uprising by Kols of Chotanagpur
Which of the following is the correct chronological sequence of the above-given movements?
(a) 1-2-3
(b) 2-3-1
(c) 1-3-2
(d) 3-1-2

Correct option – d
Explanation: Under Sidhu and Kanhu, two brothers, the Santhals proclaimed an end to Company rule in 1855-56. On Christmas Eve, 1899, Birsa proclaimed a rebellion to establish Munda rule in the south Ranchi region. The Kols of Chhotanagpur rebelled from 1820 to 1837.

Q.4 Who among the following was the founder of the ‘Young Bengal Movement in the 1820s?
(a) David Hare 
(b) Keshub Chandra Sen
(c) Henry Vivian Derozio
(d) Dwarkanath Tagore

Correct option – c
Explanation: Young Bengal Movement was founded by Henry Vivian Derozio. He followed the most radical views of the time drawing his inspiration from the great French Revolution. Hence option (c) is the correct answer.

Q.5. Who died after 63 days of prolonged hunger strike?
(a) Jatin Das
(b) Lalalajpat Rai
(c) Jayaprakash Narayan
(d) ArunaAsaf Ali

Correct option – a
Explanation: Jatin das joined Anushilan Samiti and was tried in the Lahore conspiracy case. He died after his 63 days of prolonged hunger strike demanding better treatment for political parties.

Q.6 The saint named Sheikh Ahmad Sirhindi is related to which Sufi order?

(a) Chisti
(b) Suhrawadi
(c) Qadri
(d) Naqshbandi

Correct option – d
Explanation: Sheikh Ahmad Sirhindi was related to the saint Naqshbandisufi order. Naqshbandi master traces their lineage to the Islamic prophet Muhammad and Abu Bakr, the first Caliph of Sunni Islam.

Q.7 With reference to the cultural history of India, the ‘’Kirtana-ghosha” was composed by:
(a) Sankardev
(b) Mirabai
(c) Kabir
(d) Raidas

Correct option – a
Explanation: Sankardev’s major compositions include the Kirtana-ghosha. It is a collection of poetical works meant for community singing.

Q.8.Who among the following gave the slogan ”no religion, no caste and no God for mankind”?
(a) Sree Narayana Guru
(b) Raja Rammohan Roy
(c) Swami Dayanand
(d) Sahodaran Ayyappan

Correct option – d
Explanation: Sahodaran Ayyappan founded Sahodara Sangam, and the journal Sahodaran and was the founder editor of the magazine Yukthivadhi. He gave the slogan – “no religion, no caste and no God for mankind.” Hence option (d) is the correct answer.

Q.9. Who founded the Dev Samaj?
a) GK Gokhale
b) Jyotiba Phule
c) Raja Rammohan Roy
d) Shivnarayan Agnihotri

Correct option – d
Explanation – Shivnarayan Agnihotri founded Dev Samaj in 1887. Jyotiba Phule founded Satyasodhak samaj in 1873. GK Gokhale is associated with Prarthana Samaj.

Q.10. Which Sikh Guru has started Gurmukhi Script?
a) Guru Nanak Dev
b) Guru Angad
c) Guru Teg bahadur
d) Guru Arjan

Correct Option– b
Explanation: Guru Angad compiled the composition of Baba Guru Nanak, to which he added his own in a new script known as Gurmukhi.

Q.11.Who coined the term “Quit –India”?
a) Yusuf Meherally
b) Mahatma Gandhi
c) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
d) None of these
Correct option – a
Explanation- The “Quit India” slogan is credited to a Congress leader, Yusuf Meherally, who is said to have come up with the phrase at a meeting of Gandhi’s close associates in Mumbai sometime before the launch of the movement.

Q.12 Who among the following gave the slogan “One Caste, One Religion, One God for All.”?
(a) Sree Narayana Guru
(b) Raja Rammohan Roy
(c) Swami Dayanand
(d) Sahodaran Ayyappan

Correct option– a

Explanation: Sree Narayana Guru was a spiritual leader and social reformer in India. He led a reform movement against the injustice in the caste-ridden society of Kerala in order to promote spiritual enlightenment and social equality. It was he who propagated the motto, “One Caste, One Religion, One God for All.” He built a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva at Aruvippuram which was against the caste-based restrictions of the time. 20th September is observed as Sree Narayan Guru Samadhi in Kerala.

Q.13 Who among the following opposed socio-religious reforms and supported orthodoxy?
a. Radhakanta Deb
b. Nemai Sadhan Bose
c. Hemchandra Biswas
d. Hemchandra Dey

Correct option-a 
Explanation-Radhakanta Deb was a scholar and a leader of the Calcutta conservative Hindu society. An accomplished scholar, Radhakanta was proficient in Sanskrit, Persian and Arabic. He also wrote articles that were published in Ishwar Chandra Gupta’s newspaper Sambad Prabhakar. Radhakanta Deb always showed a marked interest in promoting education, particularly English education among the Hindus; he also advocated female education. Despite his contribution to the cause of education, he was a strong upholder of social conservatism.

Q.14 Civil disobedience movement was started by Gandhi on ____, 1930 with his famous Dandi March together with _______, chosen followers.
a. 12 March,76
b. 12 march,78
c. 18 march, 76
d. 18 march,78

Correct option- b

Explanation-The civil disobedience movement was started by Gandhi on 12 March 1930 with his famous Dandi March. Together with 78 chosen followers, Gandhi walked nearly 375 km from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi. On 6 April, Gandhiji reached Dandi, picked up a handful of salt and broke the salt law as a symbol of the Indian people’s refusal to live under British-made laws. The movement spread rapidly all over the country.

Q.15. Mirabai was a disciple of which saint?
a) Ravidas
b) Kabir
c) Guru Nanak
d) Kabir

Correct option- a
Explanation- Mirabai was a Rajput princess married into the royal family of Mewar in the sixteenth century. She became a disciple of Ravidas, a saint from a caste considered “untouchable”.

Q.16Who is known as the prophet of Nationalism?
a) Nana Saheb
b) M.K. Gandhi
c) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
d) Dayanand Saraswati

Correct option-c
Explanation- Raja Ram Mohan Roy is known as the prophet of Nationalism in India. He founded Atmiya sabha to propagate the monotheistic Hindu religion. It tried to initiate social and religious reforms in society.

Q.17 Who among the following strongly opposed the Jury Act of 1826
a) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
b) Mahadev Govind ranade
c) Rajnarayan Basu
d) Raja Ram Mohan Roy

Correct option-d
Explanation- Raja Ram Mohan Roy strongly opposed the Jury Act of 1826 and the flagrant injustice contained in this act because Hindus and Muslims as Jurors were debarred from sitting in trials of Christians.

Q.18Who was the greatest Parsi social reformer of the 19th century?
a) Sir Jamshedji
b) Sir Rustom Behramji
c) Navalji Tata
d) Behram M. Malabari

Correct option-d
Explanation- Behram M. Malabari was the greatest Parsi social reformer of the 19th century. The Age of Consent Act,1891 was passed by his efforts.

Q.19Who established “Dar-ul-Ulum”?
a) Maulana Shibli Nomani
b) Maulana Hussain Ahmad
c) Maulavi Abdullah Chakralavi
d) Maulana Ahmed Raza Khan

Correct option-a
Explanation- “Dar-ul-Ulum” Nadwatul Ulama in general was established at Lucknow in 1898. It was established by Nadwatul Ulama. Nadwatul Uloom was established by Maulana Lutfullah and Maulana Shibli Nomani at Kanpur in 1893.

Q.20. Due to which event, did Mahatma Gandhi suspend the Non-cooperation Movement?
a) Kakori case
b) Chauri-Chaura Incident
c) Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
d) Muzaffarpur case

Correct option- b
Explanation-The Chauri-Chaura incident took place in Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh in February 1922. This painful event led to the suspension of the Non-cooperation Movement by Mahatma Gandhi.

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Last Updated : 23 Dec, 2022
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