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Role of Underscores ‘_’ in Python

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  • Last Updated : 11 Sep, 2021
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The Underscore (_) is an eccentric character in Python. It can be used in many ways in a Python program.

The various uses of underscore (_) in Python are:

1) Use in Interpreter:

Python immediately saves the value of the last expression in the interpreter in this unique variable. Underscore (_) can also be used to value of any other variable.

Example 1:

Underscore (_) can be also be used as a normal variable.

Example 2:

Python3




# Storing value in _
_ = 2 + 8
 
print(_)


Output:

10

2) Use in Loops:

In Python underscore (_) can be used as a variable in looping. It will access each element of the data structure.

Example 1:

Python3




# Creating tuple
Tuple = (50, 40, 30)
 
# Using _ to access index of each element
for _ in range(3):
    print(Tuple[_])


Output:

50
40
30

Example 2:

Python3




# Creating list
List = ['Geeks', 4, 'Geeks!']
 
# Using _ to access elements of list
for _ in List:
    print(_)


Output:

Geeks
4
Geeks!

3) Use in Ignoring Variables:

In Python underscore (_) is often used to ignore a value. If one doesn’t use some values when unpacking, just set the value to underscore (_). Ignoring involves assigning values to a particular vector underscore (_). We add values to underscore (_) if this is not used in future code.

Example 1:

Python3




# Using _ to ignore values
p, _, r = 'Geeks', 4, 'Geeks!'
 
print(p, r)


Output:

Geeks Geeks!

Example 2:

Python3




# Using _ to ignore multiple values
p, q, *_, r = 'Geeks', 4, 'randomText', 1234, '3.14', "Geeks!"
 
print(p, q, r)
 
print(_)


Output:

Geeks 4 Geeks!
['randomText', 1234, '3.14']

4) Separating digit of Numbers:

Underscores (_) can also be used to represent long digits number, it separates the group of digits for better understanding.

Python3




# Using _ to separate digits
Crore = 10_00_000
 
print(Crore)


Output:

1000000

5) Use in Defining Access of Data members and Methods in Class:

Underscore (_) is used as a prefix for a method or data member in a class, defines its Access Specifier, and using double underscores (__) as both suffix and prefix refer to a Constructor.

Example 1:

Python3




class Gfg:
    a = None
    _b = None
    __c = None
     
    # Constructor
    def __init__(self, a, b, c):
 
        # Data members
        # Public
        self.a = a
         
        # Protected
        self._b = b
         
        # Private
        self.__c = c
 
    # Methods
    # Private method
    def __display(self):
        print(self.a)
        print(self._b)
        print(self.__c)
    # Public method
    def accessPrivateMethod(self):
        self.__display()
 
 
# Driver code
# Creating object
Obj = Gfg('Geeks', 4, "Geeks!")
 
# Calling method
Obj.accessPrivateMethod()


Output:

Geeks
4
Geeks!

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