Python time strptime() function
The strptime() function in Python is used to format and return a string representation of date and time. It takes in the date, time, or both as an input, and parses it according to the directives given to it. It raises ValueError if the string cannot be formatted according to the provided directives.
- date_time_string: It is a necessary string parameter where the date to be formatted is provided.
- directive: This parameter represents the condition for parsing the given string. It is also a necessary parameter.
The following tables list the supported directives in python.
|%a||Abbreviated weekday name||Sun, Mon|
|%A||Full weekday name||Sunday, Monday|
|%w||Weekday as decimal number||0…6|
|%d||Day of the month as a zero-padded decimal||01, 02|
|%b||Abbreviated month name||Jan, Feb|
|%m||month as a zero padded decimal number||01, 02|
|%B||Full month name||January, February|
|%y||year without century as a zero padded decimal number||99, 00|
|%Y||year with century as a decimal number||2000, 1999|
|%H||hour(24 hour clock) as a zero padded decimal number||01, 23|
|%I||hour(12 hour clock) as a zero padded decimal number||01, 12|
|%p||locale’s AM or PM||AM, PM|
|%M||Minute as a zero padded decimal number||01, 59|
|%S||Second as a zero padded decimal number||01, 59|
|%f||microsecond as a decimal number, zero padded on the left side||000000, 999999|
|%z||UTC offset in the form +HHMM or -HHMM|
|%Z||Time zone name|
|%j||day of the year as a zero padded decimal number||001, 365|
|%U||Week number of the year (Sunday being the first)||0, 6|
|%W||Week number of the year||00, 53|
|%c||locale’s appropriate date and time representation||Mon Sep 30 07:06:05 2013|
|%x||locale’s appropriate date representation||11/30/98|
|%X||locale’s appropriate time representation||10:03:43|
|%%||A literal ‘%’ character||%|
Examples 1: Python string to date
time.struct_time(tm_year=1996, tm_mon=12, tm_mday=2, tm_hour=0, tm_min=0, tm_sec=0, tm_wday=0, tm_yday=337, tm_isdst=-1)
Example 2: Python string to date and time
time.struct_time(tm_year=1996, tm_mon=2, tm_mday=12, tm_hour=5, tm_min=53, tm_sec=0, tm_wday=0, tm_yday=43, tm_isdst=-1)
Example 3: Value error
In this example, if time directives will not match then occurred error.
ValueError Raised: unconverted data remains: 3:55:6 ValueError: time data '25::55::26' does not match format '%H::%M::%S'
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