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Python | Read csv using pandas.read_csv()

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 29 Aug, 2021

Python is a great language for doing data analysis, primarily because of the fantastic ecosystem of data-centric python packages. Pandas is one of those packages and makes importing and analyzing data much easier.
Import Pandas: 
 

import pandas as pd

  
Code #1 : read_csv is an important pandas function to read csv files and do operations on it. 
 

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# Import pandas
import pandas as pd
 
# reading csv file
pd.read_csv("filename.csv")


Opening a CSV file through this is easy. But there are many others thing one can do through this function only to change the returned object completely. For instance, one can read a csv file not only locally, but from a URL through read_csv or one can choose what columns needed to export so that we don’t have to edit the array later.
Here is the list of parameters it takes with their Default values.
 

pd.read_csv(filepath_or_buffer, sep=’, ‘, delimiter=None, header=’infer’, names=None, index_col=None, usecols=None, squeeze=False, prefix=None, mangle_dupe_cols=True, dtype=None, engine=None, converters=None, true_values=None, false_values=None, skipinitialspace=False, skiprows=None, nrows=None, na_values=None, keep_default_na=True, na_filter=True, verbose=False, skip_blank_lines=True, parse_dates=False, infer_datetime_format=False, keep_date_col=False, date_parser=None, dayfirst=False, iterator=False, chunksize=None, compression=’infer’, thousands=None, decimal=b’.’, lineterminator=None, quotechar='”‘, quoting=0, escapechar=None, comment=None, encoding=None, dialect=None, tupleize_cols=None, error_bad_lines=True, warn_bad_lines=True, skipfooter=0, doublequote=True, delim_whitespace=False, low_memory=True, memory_map=False, float_precision=None) 
 

Not all of them are much important but remembering these actually save time of performing same functions on own. One can see parameters of any function by pressing shift + tab in jupyter notebook. Useful ones are given below with their usage :
 

Parameter Use
filepath_or_buffer URL or Dir location of file
sep Stands for separator, default is ‘, ‘ as in csv(comma separated values)
index_col

Makes passed column as index instead of 0, 1, 2, 3…r 
 

 

header

Makes passed row/s[int/int list] as header
 

 

use_cols Only uses the passed col[string list] to make data frame
squeeze If true and only one column is passed, returns pandas series
skiprows Skips passed rows in new data frame

Refer the link to data set used from here.
Code #2 :
 

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# importing Pandas library
import pandas as pd
 
pd.read_csv(filepath_or_buffer = "pokemon.csv")
 
# makes the passed rows header
pd.read_csv("pokemon.csv", header =[1, 2])
 
# make the passed column as index instead of 0, 1, 2, 3....
pd.read_csv("pokemon.csv", index_col ='Type')
 
# uses passed cols only for data frame
pd.read_csv("pokemon.csv", usecols =["Type"])
 
# returns pandas series if there is only one column
pd.read_csv("pokemon.csv", usecols =["Type"],
                              squeeze = True)
                               
# skips the passed rows in new series
pd.read_csv("pokemon.csv",
            skiprows = [1, 2, 3, 4])





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