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Python Program For Pairwise Swapping Elements Of A Given Linked List

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  • Last Updated : 18 Dec, 2021
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Given a singly linked list, write a function to swap elements pairwise.

Input: 1->2->3->4->5->6->NULL 
Output: 2->1->4->3->6->5->NULL

Input: 1->2->3->4->5->NULL 
Output: 2->1->4->3->5->NULL

Input: 1->NULL 
Output: 1->NULL 

For example, if the linked list is 1->2->3->4->5 then the function should change it to 2->1->4->3->5, and if the linked list is then the function should change it to.

METHOD (Iterative): 
Start from the head node and traverse the list. While traversing swap data of each node with its next node’s data. 
Below is the implementation of the above approach: 

Python




# Python program to swap the elements of
# linked list pairwise
 
# Node class
class Node:
 
    # Constructor to initialize the
    # node object
    def __init__(self, data):
        self.data = data
        self.next = None
 
class LinkedList:
 
    # Function to initialize head
    def __init__(self):
        self.head = None
 
    # Function to pairwise swap elements
    # of a linked list
    def pairwiseSwap(self):
        temp = self.head
 
        # There are no nodes in a
        # linked list
        if temp is None:
            return
 
        # Traverse further only if there
        # are at least two left
        while(temp and temp.next):
 
            # If both nodes are same,
            # no need to swap data
            if(temp.data != temp.next.data):
 
                # Swap data of node with its
                # next node's data
                temp.data, temp.next.data = temp.next.data, temp.data
 
            # Move temp by 2 to the next pair
            temp = temp.next.next
 
    # Function to insert a new node at the
    # beginning
    def push(self, new_data):
        new_node = Node(new_data)
        new_node.next = self.head
        self.head = new_node
 
    # Utility function to print the linked
    # LinkedList
    def printList(self):
        temp = self.head
        while(temp):
            print temp.data,
            temp = temp.next
 
# Driver code
llist = LinkedList()
llist.push(5)
llist.push(4)
llist.push(3)
llist.push(2)
llist.push(1)
 
print "Linked list before calling pairWiseSwap() "
llist.printList()
 
llist.pairwiseSwap()
 
print "Linked list after calling pairWiseSwap()"
llist.printList()
 
# This code is contributed by Nikhil Kumar Singh(nickzuck_007)


Output:

Linked list before calling pairWiseSwap()
1 2 3 4 5 
Linked list after calling pairWiseSwap()
2 1 4 3 5 

Time complexity: O(n) 
Please refer complete article on Pairwise swap elements of a given linked list for more details!
 


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