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Program to check if a string contains any special character

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 02 Aug, 2022

Given a string, the task is to check if that string contains any special character (defined special character set). If any special character found, don’t accept that string.
Examples : 
 

Input : Geeks$For$Geeks
Output : String is not accepted.

Input : Geeks For Geeks
Output : String is accepted

 

Approach : Make a regular expression(regex) object of all the special characters that we don’t want, then pass a string in search method. If any one character of string is matching with regex object then search method returns a match object otherwise return None.
Below is the implementation : 
 

C++




// C++ program to check if a string
// contains any special character
 
// import required packages
#include <iostream>
#include <regex>
using namespace std;
 
// Function checks if the string
// contains any special character
void run(string str)
{
     
    // Make own character set
    regex regx("[@_!#$%^&*()<>?/|}{~:]");
 
    // Pass the string in regex_search
    // method
    if(regex_search(str, regx) == 0)
        cout << "String is accepted";
    else
        cout << "String is not accepted.";
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
     
    // Enter the string
    string str = "Geeks$For$Geeks";
     
    // Calling run function
    run(str);
 
    return 0;
}
 
// This code is contributed by Yash_R


Python3




# Python3 program to check if a string
# contains any special character
 
# import required package
import re
 
# Function checks if the string
# contains any special character
def run(string):
 
    # Make own character set and pass
    # this as argument in compile method
    regex = re.compile('[@_!#$%^&*()<>?/\|}{~:]')
     
    # Pass the string in search
    # method of regex object.   
    if(regex.search(string) == None):
        print("String is accepted")
         
    else:
        print("String is not accepted.")
     
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == '__main__' :
     
    # Enter the string
    string = "Geeks$For$Geeks"
     
    # calling run function
    run(string)


PHP




<?Php
// PHP program to check if a string
// contains any special character
 
// Function checks if the string
// contains any special character
function run($string)
{
    $regex = preg_match('[@_!#$%^&*()<>?/\|}{~:]',
                                         $string);
    if($regex)
        print("String is accepted");
         
    else
        print("String is not accepted.");
}
 
// Driver Code
 
// Enter the string
$string = 'Geeks$For$Geeks';
 
// calling run function
run($string);
 
// This code is contributed by Aman ojha
?>


Output

String is not accepted.

Method:  To check if a special character is present in a given string or not, firstly group all special characters as one set. Then using for loop and if statements check for special characters. If any special character is found then increment the value of c. Finally, check if the c value is greater than zero then print string is not accepted otherwise print string is accepted. 

C++




// C++ code
// to check if any special character is present
// in a given string or not
#include <iostream>
#include <string>
using namespace std;
 
int main() {
 
  // Input string
  string n = "Geeks$For$Geeks";
  int c = 0;
  string s = "[@_!#$%^&*()<>?}{~:]"; // special character set
  for(int i = 0; i < n.size(); i++)
  {
     
    // checking if any special character is present in given string or not
    if (s.find(n[i]) != string::npos )
    {
      // if special character found then add 1 to the c
      c++;
    }
  }
   
   // if c value is greater than 0 then print no
// means special character is found in string 
  if(c){
    cout << "string is not accepted" ;
  }
  else{
    cout << "string is accepted";
  }
    
    return 0;
}
 
// This code is contributed by uomkar369.


Python3




# Python code
# to check if any special character is present
#in a given string or not
 
# input string
n="Geeks$For$Geeks"
n.split()
c=0
s='[@_!#$%^&*()<>?/\|}{~:]' # special character set
for i in range(len(n)):
    # checking if any special character is present in given string or not
    if n[i] in s:
      c+=1   # if special character found then add 1 to the c
 
# if c value is greater than 0 then print no
# means special character is found in string     
if c:
    print("string is not accepted")
else:
    print("string accepted")
 
# this code is contributed by gangarajula laxmi


Output

string is not accepted

 


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