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Python Mongodb – Delete_one()

  • Last Updated : 30 Sep, 2021

Mongodb is a very popular cross-platform document-oriented, NoSQL(stands for “not only SQL”) database program, written in C++. It stores data in JSON format(as key-value pairs), which makes it easy to use. MongoDB can run over multiple servers, balancing the load to keep the system up and run in case of hardware failure.

Connecting to a Database

Step 1 – Establishing Connection: Port number Default: 27017  

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conn = MongoClient(‘localhost’, port-number)

If using default port-number i.e. 27017. Alternate connection method: 

conn = MongoClient()

Step 2 – Create Database or Switch to Existing Database:  

db = conn.dabasename

Create a collection or Switch to an existing collection: 

collection = db.collection_name

Deleting document from Collection or Database

In MongoDB, a single document can be deleted by the method delete_one(). The first parameter of the method would be a query object which defines the document to be deleted. If there is a reoccurrence of the same document, only the first appeared document would be deleted. 

Note: Deleting a document is the same as deleting a record in the case of SQL.

Consider the sample database: 




# Python program to demonstrate
# delete_one
import pymongo
# creating Mongoclient object to
# create database with the specified
# connection URL
students = pymongo.MongoClient('localhost', 27017)
# connecting to a database with
# name GFG
Db = students["GFG"]
# connecting to a collection with
# name Geeks
coll = Db["Geeks"]
# creating query object
myQuery ={'Class':'2'}
# print collection after deletion:
for x in coll.find():

Output : 

'_id': 2.0, 'Name': 'Golu', 'Class': '3'}
{'_id': 3.0, 'Name': 'Raja', 'Class': '4'}
{'_id': 4.0, 'Name': 'Moni', 'Class': '5'}

MongoDB Shell: 



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