# Python | Cloning or Copying a list

• Difficulty Level : Basic
• Last Updated : 12 Dec, 2022

In this article, we will go through various ways of copy lists in Python. These various ways of copying list take different execution times, so we can compare them on the basis of time.

### Different Ways to copy list:

• Using the slicing technique
• Using the extend() method
• List copy using =(assignment operator)
• Using the method of Shallow Copy
• Using list comprehension
• Using the append() method
• Using the copy() method
• Using the method of Deep Copy
• Using the map method
• Using slice() function

## 1. Using the slicing technique

This is the easiest and fastest way to clone a list. This method is considered when we want to modify a list and also keep a copy of the original. In this, we make a copy of the list itself, along with the reference. This process is also called cloning. This technique takes about 0.039 seconds and is the fastest technique.

For more information, you can read this article – List Slicing Technique

Example:

## Python3

 `# Python program to copy or clone a list` `# Using the Slice Operator` `def` `Cloning(li1):` `    ``li_copy ``=` `li1[:]` `    ``return` `li_copy`     `# Driver Code` `li1 ``=` `[``4``, ``8``, ``2``, ``10``, ``15``, ``18``]` `li2 ``=` `Cloning(li1)` `print``(``"Original List:"``, li1)` `print``(``"After Cloning:"``, li2)`

Output:

```Original List: [4, 8, 2, 10, 15, 18]
After Cloning: [4, 8, 2, 10, 15, 18] ```

## 2. Using the extend() method

The lists can be copied into a new list by using the extend() function. This appends each element of the iterable object (e.g., another list) to the end of the new list. This takes around 0.053 seconds to complete.

For more information, you can read this article – extend()

Example:

## Python3

 `# Python code to clone or copy a list` `# Using the in-built function extend()`     `def` `Cloning(li1):` `    ``li_copy ``=` `[]` `    ``li_copy.extend(li1)` `    ``return` `li_copy`     `# Driver Code` `li1 ``=` `[``4``, ``8``, ``2``, ``10``, ``15``, ``18``]` `li2 ``=` `Cloning(li1)` `print``(``"Original List:"``, li1)` `print``(``"After Cloning:"``, li2)`

Output

```Original List: [4, 8, 2, 10, 15, 18]
After Cloning: [4, 8, 2, 10, 15, 18]```

## 3. List copy using =(assignment operator)

This is the simplest method of cloning a list by using = operators. This operator assigns the old list to the new list using Python = operators.

Here we will create a list and then we will copy the old list into the new list using assignment operators.

Note: There is an issue with this method if you modify in the new list then the old list is also modified due to the new list is referencing

Example:

## Python3

 `# Python code to clone or copy a list ` `# Using the List copy using =` `def` `Cloning(li1): ` `    ``li_copy ``=` `li1` `    ``return` `li_copy ` `  `  `# Driver Code ` `li1 ``=` `[``4``, ``8``, ``2``, ``10``, ``15``, ``18``] ` `li2 ``=` `Cloning(li1) ` `print``(``"Original List:"``, li1) ` `print``(``"After Cloning:"``, li2)`

Output:

```Original List: [4, 8, 2, 10, 15, 18]
After Cloning: [4, 8, 2, 10, 15, 18]```

## 4. Using the method of Shallow Copy

This method of copying using copy. Shallow copy is well explained in the article Shallow Copy. This takes around 0.186 seconds to complete.

Example:

## Python3

 `# importing copy module` `import` `copy` `  `  `# initializing list 1 ` `li1 ``=` `[``1``, ``2``, [``3``,``5``], ``4``]` `  `  `# using copy for shallow copy  ` `li2 ``=` `copy.copy(li1)`   `print``(li2)`

Output:

`[1, 2, [3, 5], 4]`

## 5. Using list comprehension

The method of list comprehension can be used to copy all the elements individually from one list to another. This takes around 0.217 seconds to complete.

Example:

## Python3

 `# Python code to clone or copy a list ` `# Using list comprehension ` `def` `Cloning(li1): ` `    ``li_copy ``=` `[i ``for` `i ``in` `li1] ` `    ``return` `li_copy ` `  `  `# Driver Code ` `li1 ``=` `[``4``, ``8``, ``2``, ``10``, ``15``, ``18``] ` `li2 ``=` `Cloning(li1) ` `print``(``"Original List:"``, li1) ` `print``(``"After Cloning:"``, li2) `

Output:

```Original List: [4, 8, 2, 10, 15, 18]
After Cloning: [4, 8, 2, 10, 15, 18]```

## 6. Using the append() method

This can be used for appending and adding elements to list or copying them to a new list. It is used to add elements to the last position of the list. This takes around 0.325 seconds to complete and is the slowest method of cloning.

Example:

## Python3

 `# Python code to clone or copy a list ` `# Using append() ` `def` `Cloning(li1): ` `    ``li_copy ``=``[] ` `    ``for` `item ``in` `li1: li_copy.append(item) ` `    ``return` `li_copy ` `  `  `# Driver Code ` `li1 ``=` `[``4``, ``8``, ``2``, ``10``, ``15``, ``18``] ` `li2 ``=` `Cloning(li1) ` `print``(``"Original List:"``, li1) ` `print``(``"After Cloning:"``, li2)`

Output:

```Original List: [4, 8, 2, 10, 15, 18]
After Cloning: [4, 8, 2, 10, 15, 18]```

## 7. Using the copy() method

The Python List copy() is an inbuilt method copy used to copy all the elements from one list to another. This takes around 1.488 seconds to complete.

Example:

## Python3

 `# Python code to clone or copy a list ` `# Using built-in method copy() ` `def` `Cloning(li1): ` `    ``li_copy ``=``[] ` `    ``li_copy ``=` `li1.copy() ` `    ``return` `li_copy ` `  `  `# Driver Code ` `li1 ``=` `[``4``, ``8``, ``2``, ``10``, ``15``, ``18``] ` `li2 ``=` `Cloning(li1) ` `print``(``"Original List:"``, li1) ` `print``(``"After Cloning:"``, li2)`

Output:

```Original List: [4, 8, 2, 10, 15, 18]
After Cloning: [4, 8, 2, 10, 15, 18]```

## 8. Using the method of Deep Copy

This method of copying is well explained in the article Deep Copy. This takes around 10.59 seconds to complete and is the slowest method of cloning.

Example:

## Python3

 `# importing copy module` `import` `copy` `  `  `# initializing list 1 ` `li1 ``=` `[``1``, ``2``, [``3``,``5``], ``4``]`   `# using deepcopy for deepcopy  ` `li3 ``=` `copy.deepcopy(li1) ` `print``(li3)`

Output:

`[1, 2, [3, 5], 4]`

## Python3

 `# Python code to clone or copy a list ` `# Using list comprehension ` `lst ``=` `[``4``, ``8``, ``2``, ``10``, ``15``, ``18``] ` `li_copy ``=` `[i ``for` `a,i ``in` `enumerate``(lst)] ` `print``(``"Original List:"``, lst) ` `print``(``"After Cloning:"``, li_copy) `

Output

```Original List: [4, 8, 2, 10, 15, 18]
After Cloning: [4, 8, 2, 10, 15, 18]```

## Python3

 `# Python code to clone or copy a list` `# Using map function` `lst ``=` `[``4``, ``8``, ``2``, ``10``, ``15``, ``18``]` `li_copy ``=` `map``(``int``, lst)` `print``(``"Original List:"``, lst)` `print``(``"After Cloning:"``, ``*``li_copy)`

Output:

```Original List: [4, 8, 2, 10, 15, 18]
After Cloning: 4 8 2 10 15 18```

## 11. Using slice() function

The Python slice() is an inbuilt method used to copy all the elements from one list to another. Here slice() function is passed with one argument which is an integer specifying at which position slicing will end.

## Python3

 `# Python code to clone or copy a list` `# Using slice() function` `lst ``=` `[``4``, ``8``, ``2``, ``10``, ``15``, ``18``]` `li_copy ``=` `lst[``slice``(``len``(lst))]` `print``(``"Original List:"``, lst)` `print``(``"After Cloning:"``, li_copy)`   `# This code is contributed by Pushpesh Raj.`

Output

```Original List: [4, 8, 2, 10, 15, 18]
After Cloning: [4, 8, 2, 10, 15, 18]```

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