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Putting-Out System

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  • Last Updated : 10 Jul, 2022
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A shirt is an upper-body piece of clothing (from the neck to the waist). The merchants deliver the purchased fabric to various garment export facilities. The production of cotton is where the story of the shirt begins. The selling of a garment marks the conclusion.

Putting out system

An agreement between the weaver and the merchant is called the Putting Out System. In this, the weaver receives raw materials from the merchant. These raw materials are used to create fabric by the weaver. He then returns the fabric to the shopkeeper.

Based on the demand for fabric he has received, the merchant divides the job among the weavers. The merchant buys the yarn from the weavers, who then give him the fabric. This arrangement appears to provide two benefits for the weavers. The cost of purchasing yarn is not carried by the weavers. Additionally, the issue of selling the final fabric has been resolved. The type of fabric and the quantity to be woven are both known to weavers before they begin.

However, because of their dependence on the merchants for both marketplaces and raw supplies, the merchants hold a lot of influence. They offer instructions on what should be manufactured and pay a very cheap fee for the fabric to be made. The cloth’s actual receiver and final selling price are unknown to the weavers. The merchants at the fabric market sell the fabric to the manufacturers that make clothing. The market benefits the merchants more in this way.

To purchase looms, weavers generally invest all of their resources or take out high-interest loans. A tiny weaver with two looms must invest 40,000 because each loom costs 20,000. These looms require a team effort to operate. Up to 12 hours a day are put in by the weaver and another adult member of his household to create fabric. They make roughly $3,500 per month for all of this work.

A putting-out method, in which the merchant provides the raw material and receives the final product, is the agreement between the merchant and the weavers. In the majority of India’s areas, the weaving industry is sick with it.

Example of Putting-out system

The weavers in Erode, Tamil Nadu, receive yarn from the merchants there. This yarn is used by weavers to manufacture clothing. These days, traders buy this fabric from the weavers. An illustration of the putting-out system is this. The benefits of being a weaver include:

  • They are exempt from having to spend money on yarn purchases.
  • The issue of selling the completed fabric has been resolved.

Sample Questions

Question 1: How is the connection goes with fabric with merchants and weavers?

Answer:

Based on the demand for fabric he has received, the merchant divides the job among the weavers. The merchant buys the yarn from the weavers, who then give him the fabric. This arrangement appears to provide two benefits for the weavers. The cost of purchasing yarn is not carried by the weavers. Additionally, the issue of selling the final fabric has been resolved. The type of fabric and the quantity to be woven are both known to weavers before they begin.

Question 2: What are the disadvantages of weavers?

Answer: 

  • Merchants gain influence by being dependent on marketplaces and raw commodities.
  • For creating the fabric, weavers are paid relatively little.
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