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Priority Queue in Reverse Order in Java

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 11 Aug, 2021

A PriorityQueue is used when the objects are supposed to be processed based on the priority. It is known that a Queue follows the First-In-First-Out algorithm, but sometimes the elements of the queue are needed to be processed according to the priority, that’s when the PriorityQueue comes into play. The PriorityQueue is based on the priority heap. The elements of the priority queue are ordered according to the natural ordering, or by a Comparator provided at queue construction time, depending on which constructor is used.  

Hierarchy of Priority Queue

Declaration:

public class PriorityQueue<E> extends AbstractQueue<E> implements Serializable

where E is the type of elements held in this queue

Types of PriorityQueue



  • Max Priority Queue
  • Min Priority Queue

Example of Default Priority Queue

Java




// Java program to demonstrate the
// working of default PriorityQueue
import java.util.*;
 
class PriorityQueueDemo {
 
    // Main Method
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        // Creating empty priority queue
        PriorityQueue<Integer> pQueue
            = new PriorityQueue<Integer>();
 
        // Adding items to the pQueue using add()
        pQueue.add(10);
        pQueue.add(20);
        pQueue.add(15);
        pQueue.add(5);
 
        // Printing the top element of PriorityQueue
        System.out.println(pQueue.peek());
 
        // Printing the top element and removing it
        // from the PriorityQueue container
        System.out.println(pQueue.poll());
 
        // Printing the top element again
        System.out.println(pQueue.peek());
    }
}


Output

5
5
10

In Java, Priority Queue, by default implement min Priority Queue, If we need to change the order of Priority Queue from min to max Priority Queue, then we use some methods as follows: 

  • Using default Comparator Collections.reverseOrder()
  • Using custom Comparator
  • Using lambda expression

Method 1: Using default Comparator Collections.reverseOrder()

The Collections.reverseOrder() method is used to get a reverse behavior of the default comparator. This is a by default comparator in java.util package.

Example: 

Java




// Java program to demonstrate the
// working of PriorityQueue in reverse order
import java.util.*;
 
class PriorityQueueDemo {
 
    // Main Method
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        // Creating empty priority queue
        PriorityQueue<Integer> pQueue
            = new PriorityQueue<Integer>(
                Collections.reverseOrder());
 
        // Adding items to the pQueue using add()
        pQueue.add(10);
        pQueue.add(20);
        pQueue.add(15);
        pQueue.add(5);
 
        // Printing the top element of PriorityQueue
        System.out.println(pQueue.peek());
 
        // Printing the top element and removing it
        // from the PriorityQueue container
        System.out.println(pQueue.poll());
 
        // Printing the top element again
        System.out.println(pQueue.peek());
    }
}


Output

20
20
15

Method 2: Using custom Comparator



The java.util.PriorityQueue.comparator() method shares an important function of setting and returning the comparator that can be used to order the elements in a PriorityQueue. The method returns a null value if the queue follows the natural ordering pattern of the elements.

Example: 

Java




// Java program to demonstrate the
// working of PriorityQueue in reverse order
 
import java.util.*;
 
public class PriorityQueueDemo {
   
    // Main Method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Creating empty priority queue
        // with custom Comparator
        PriorityQueue<Integer> pQueue
            = new PriorityQueue<Integer>(
                new Comparator<Integer>() {
                   
                    // Compare method for place element in
                    // reverse order
                    public int compare(Integer a, Integer b)
                    {
                        if (a < b)
                            return 1;
                        if (a > b)
                            return -1;
                        return 0;
                    }
                });
 
        // Adding items to the pQueue using add()
        pQueue.add(10);
        pQueue.add(15);
        pQueue.add(20);
        pQueue.add(5);
 
        // Printing the top element of PriorityQueue
        System.out.println(pQueue.peek());
 
        // Printing the top element and removing it
        // from the PriorityQueue container
        System.out.println(pQueue.poll());
 
        // Printing the top element again
        System.out.println(pQueue.peek());
    }
}


Output

20
20
15

Method 3: Using lambda expression

Lambda expression since Java 8 has come to use, lambda function names its input parameters a and b and returns (b-a), which is basically what the int comparator class does except it returns a-b.

Example: 

Java




// Java program to demonstrate the
// working of PriorityQueue in reverse order
import java.util.*;
 
class PriorityQueueDemo {
 
    // Main Method
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        // Creating empty priority queue
        PriorityQueue<Integer> pQueue
            = new PriorityQueue<Integer>((a, b) -> b - a);
 
        // Adding items to the pQueue using add()
        pQueue.add(10);
        pQueue.add(20);
        pQueue.add(15);
        pQueue.add(5);
 
        // Printing the top element of PriorityQueue
        System.out.println(pQueue.peek());
 
        // Printing the top element and removing it
        // from the PriorityQueue container
        System.out.println(pQueue.poll());
 
        // Printing the top element again
        System.out.println(pQueue.peek());
    }
}


Output

20
20
15

 




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