Food is anything consumed by humans that provides energy and can fulfill physiological requirements for human body growth. The value of food Man’s energy comes from food. It is utilized to maintain all bodily functions and processes. For the growth of the body’s physical and mental facilities, as well as for its defense and control.
The raising and breeding of domesticated birds for their meat and eggs, such as chickens, geese, ducks, turkeys, and some species of pigeons, is known as poultry. From small to huge scales, anything is possible.
A practice known as poultry farming involves raising birds either domestically or commercially for their meat, eggs, and feathers. Important birds including chicken, turkey, geese, and ducks are frequently raised as poultry. Other birds, such as guinea fowl and squabs, are not as frequently raised for food.
Production of Eggs
The most crucial characteristic of raising chicken is egg production. When a layer reaches the age of (26 weeks), she begins to lay eggs. Approximately 500 days pass throughout the commercial layer’s egg production. The following factors must be taken into account when creating new types of chicken or improving chickens that lay more and better eggs:
- Sexual development
- Egg count
- Body weight
- Egg size
- Egg quality
- Feed effectiveness
- Egg form
- Shell standard.
They receive nutrient-dense food supplements that aid in their quicker growth. The majority of these supplements are vitamin-rich, which promotes faster growth and improved feed efficiency. To facilitate feathering and avoid mortality, the right precautions are followed. The meat from these chickens is subsequently offered on the market in broiler form.
Birds are a good hedge against shocks like poor harvests because they are easy to sell for cash (poultry is frequently referred to as farmers’ “petty currency”). As a chicken flock expands, extra birds may be traded for goats, enhancing the livelihood and food security of a poor household.
Farm Management for Poultry
For the production of high-quality poultry products, a good management system is essential. The procedures for egg layers and boilers are frequently different.
- In chicken farming, it is crossbreeding made it easier to satisfy management and economic goals.
- The number and calibre of chicks.
- Two dwarf broiler parents increase the number of eggs produced.
- Tolerance or adaptation to extreme temperatures.
- Minimal feeding needs and low maintenance.
Shelter and Housing
- For maximum yield, a clean, dry, well-ventilated, and lit housing that can soothe and safeguard the birds is required.
- It is advisable to separate the housing of growing, egg-laying, and brooding birds.
- Poultry birds are housed in permanent masonry structures with solid floors or wire cages.
- The floor of the chicken coop should be covered with a litter made of some type of dry absorbent material, such as sawdust, chopped straw, or rice husk.
- The chicken coops are guarded against predators like cats and dogs and are rat-proof.
Feed for Poultry
- All the important food components, including carbs, proteins, lipids, vitamins, minerals, and water, should be present in poultry feed.
- Mash-up grains like wheat, maize, jawar, bajra, rice bran, pulverized oil cakes, fish meal, meat meal, and bone meal are used in poultry feed (fish and meat meals are prepared from wastes of fish and meat processing centers).
- Compared to layers, broilers have differing daily dietary needs. Broiler feed is supplied with enough fat and proteins. Vitamin K and A must be abundant in poultry feed.
Importance of Poultry
For us, poultry farming is really significant in many ways. Among them are:
- Humans can get friendship, food, and fiber from poultry in the form of eggs, meat, and feathers.
- A large poultry business offers numerous individuals work chances.
- It offers farmers an additional source of income, which helps them improve their standard of living.
- It may be practiced all year long and requires very little cost.
- We incorporate meat and eggs as inexpensive but high-quality protein sources in our diet.
- Poultry wastes can be utilized as fertilizers because they are high in nitrogen and other organic elements.
- Pillows, beautiful items, and trinkets are all made with chicken feathers.
Diseases of Poultry
Poultry birds need to be protected from several diseases in addition to the elements and predators. Numerous bacterial, fungal, viral, and parasitic illnesses can affect these birds. Following are a few of these:
- Bacterial Illnesses Chicken diarrhea, tuberculosis, necrotizing enteritis, botulism, and fowl cholera Feline typhoid
- Bird flu and Ranikhet are viral diseases
- Aspergillus is a fungal illness.
Disease Prevention in Poultry
If appropriate steps are not done at the appropriate time, poultry diseases could result in more loss. Many poultry diseases can be avoided by following certain straightforward procedures. These actions consist of:
- A clean, sanitary environment must be used to house birds.
- Excreta disposal should be kept up properly and frequently.
- A large, well-ventilated, and well-lit space must be provided for birds.
- Vaccinations should be administered to all animals to protect them from common illnesses and diseases.
- When taken in the right amounts, nutrient-rich food supplements can prevent nutritional disorders.
- In order to eradicate parasites and insects, disinfectants must be applied often.
- Dilute pesticide solutions must be applied to control external parasites.
FAQs on Poultry Farming
Question 1: What prevalent ailments impact poultry birds?
Some common poultry diseases include fowl cholera, fowl typhoid, tuberculosis, necrotizing enteritis, and chick diarrhea. These diseases can be prevented with the help of cleanliness, hygiene, and nutrient-rich food.
Question 2: What makes broilers and layers different from each other?
Chickens are raised for their eggs and flesh. Layers are the female chicken that lay eggs; broilers are the female fowl that produce meat.
Question 3: What six kinds of poultry birds are there?
Depending on the kinds of poultry birds that are raised for food, there are several varieties of poultry. There are six different kinds of poultry birds:
A chicken, a turkey, a duck, a goose, a guinea hen, a squab, etc.
Question 4: Is raising poultry a form of farming? What is poultry?
Farming includes raising poultry. It involves raising domesticated birds for their meat and eggs, such as chickens, geese, ducks, turkeys, and some types of pigeons.
Question 5: Is milk a byproduct of poultry?
The two primary items we obtain from poultry are eggs and meat. We often receive feathers that are made into decorative items or used to stuff cushions. A dairy product called milk is produced by cows, buffaloes, and goats. It is not a poultry product as a result.