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Oceans And Its Water Straits

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  • Last Updated : 14 Jul, 2022

A strait is a narrow canal connecting two seas or huge bodies of water. Commercial shipping travels across the world’s straits to go from one sea or exclusive economic zone to the next, and they are extremely strategic and commercially important. The straits act as a conduit for ocean currents, which alter the climate of the region.

1. Strait: Palk strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Gulf of Palk and Bay of Bengal

Location- India and Sri Lanka

2. Strait: Formosa Strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- linked the South China Sea and the East China Sea

Location- China and Taiwan

3. Strait: Davis Strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- the Baffin Bay and the Atlantic Ocean

Location- Greenland and Canada

4. Strait: Foveaux Strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Southern Pacific Ocean

Location- New Zealand (South island- Stewart island)

5. Strait: Gibraltar Strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Mediterranean sea and Atlantic ocean

Location- Spain and Morocco

Note-

  1. Gibraltar’s rock is a monolithic limestone promontory in the British overseas territory of Gibraltar.

6. Strait: Florida Strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- It connects the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic ocean

Location- Canada

Note-

  1. It is located in Cuba and USA.

7. Strait: Messina strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Mediterranean sea

Location- Italy and Sicily

8. Strait: Dardanelles strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- The Marmara Sea and Aegean sea

Location- Turkey

9. Strait: Bonnie-Fassio

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Mediterranean sea

Location- Sardinia and Corsica

10. Strait: Bass strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- The Tasman Sea and South Sea

Location- Australia

11. Strait: North Channel

Associated Oceans and water bodies- The Atlantic ocean and Irish sea

Location- Ireland and England

12. Strait: Cook Strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- South Pacific Ocean

Location- New Zealand (North and South Islands)

13. Strait: Otranto Strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea

Location- Italy and Albania

14. Strait: Sunda Strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Between the Indian Ocean and the Java Sea

Location- Indonesia 

Note:

  1. The Lombok Strait, which runs between the Indian islands of Bali and Lombok, connects the Java Sea to the Indian Ocean.

15. Strait: Magellan Strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Pacific and South Atlantic Ocean

Location- Chile

16. Strait: Makassar Strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Sea of Java and Sea of Celebes

Location- Indonesia

17. Strait: Strait of Hormuz

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman

Location- Oman and Iran

Note-

  1. This strait is extremely important since it transports 20% of the world’s petroleum, making it vital for international trade.

18. Strait: Bab-El-Mandeb Strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Red sea and Gulf of Aden

Location- Yemen and Djibouti

Note: 

  1. It is situated between the Arabian Peninsula’s Yemen and the Horn of Africa’s Djibouti and Eritrea.
  2. It serves as a strategic link between the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, connecting the two via the Red Sea and the Suez Canal.

19. Strait: Mozambique Channel

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Indian Ocean

Location- Mozambique and Malagasy

20. Strait: Torres strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Arafura Sea and Gulf of Papua

Location- Papua New Guinea and Australia

21. Strait: Bering strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Bering sea and Chukchi sea

Location- Alaska and Russia

Note-

  1. At a distance of 1.5 km, the international date line runs equidistant between the strait’s Diomede islands, leaving the Russian and American sides on distinct calendar days.

22. Strait: Bosporus strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Black sea and Marmara sea

Location- Turkey

23. Strait: Yucatan strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean sea

Location- Mexico and Cuba

24. Strait: Strait of Dover

Associated Oceans and water bodies- English channel and the North sea

Location- England and France

25. Strait: Hudson strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Hudson’s bay and Atlantic ocean

Location- Canada

26. Strait: Tatar Strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Sea of Japan and Sea of Okhotsk

Location- Sakhalin Islands in Eastern Russia

27. Strait: Tsugaru strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Sea of Japan and Pacific Ocean

Location- Japan (between Hokkaido and Honshu islands)

28. Strait: Denmark strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- North Atlantic ocean and Arctic Ocean

Location- Greenland and Iceland

29. Strait: Malacca Strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Andaman Sea and South China Sea

Location- Between Indonesia and Malaysia

Note-

  1. This strait is one of the world’s most vital maritime waterways.
  2. It is the world’s busiest strait, transporting nearly a quarter of all traded goods, including oil, palm oil, and coffee.

30. Strait: Bonifacio Strait

Associated Oceans and water bodies- Join Corsica and Sardinia islands in the Mediterranean sea

Location- France and Italy

 


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