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NetworkX : Python software package for study of complex networks

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 11 Jul, 2022
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NetworkX is a Python language software package for the creation, manipulation, and study of the structure, dynamics, and function of complex networks. It is used to study large complex networks represented in form of graphs with nodes and edges. Using networkx we can load and store complex networks. We can generate many types of random and classic networks, analyze network structure, build network models, design new network algorithms and draw networks. 

Installation of the package: 

pip install networkx

Creating Nodes

Add one node at a time: 

 G.add_node(1)

Add a list of nodes: 

 G.add_nodes_from([2,3])

Let us create nodes in the graph G. After adding nodes 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 9 

Creating Nodes

Creating Edges:

Adding one edge at a time: 

G.add_edge(1,2)
G.add_edge(3,1)
G.add_edge(2,4)
G.add_edge(4,1)
G.add_edge(9,1)

Adding a list of edges: 

G.add_edges_from([(1,2),(1,3)])

After adding edges (1,2), (3,1), (2,4), (4,1), (9,1), (1,7), (2,9) 

Creating Edges

Removing Nodes and Edges:

One can demolish the graph using any of these functions: 

Graph.remove_node(), Graph.remove_nodes_from(),
Graph.remove_edge() and Graph.remove_edges_from()

After removing node 3 

Removing Nodes and Edge

After removing edge (1,2) 

After removing edge (1,2)  

Python3




# Python program to create an undirected
# graph and add nodes and edges to a graph
 
# To import package
import networkx
  
# To create an empty undirected graph
G = networkx.Graph()
  
# To add a node
G.add_node(1)
G.add_node(2)
G.add_node(3)
G.add_node(4)
G.add_node(7)
G.add_node(9)
  
# To add an edge
# Note graph is undirected
# Hence order of nodes in edge doesn't matter
G.add_edge(1,2)
G.add_edge(3,1)
G.add_edge(2,4)
G.add_edge(4,1)
G.add_edge(9,1)
G.add_edge(1,7)
G.add_edge(2,9)
  
# To get all the nodes of a graph
node_list = G.nodes()
print("#1")
print(node_list)
  
# To get all the edges of a graph
edge_list = G.edges()
print("#2")
print(edge_list)
  
# To remove a node of a graph
G.remove_node(3)
node_list = G.nodes()
print("#3")
print(node_list)
  
# To remove an edge of a graph
G.remove_edge(1,2)
edge_list = G.edges()
print("#4")
print(edge_list)
  
# To find number of nodes
n = G.number_of_nodes()
print("#5")
print(n)
  
# To find number of edges
m = G.number_of_edges()
print("#6")
print(m)
  
# To find degree of a node
# d will store degree of node 2
d = G.degree(2)
print("#7")
print(d)
 
# To find all the neighbor of a node
neighbor_list = G.neighbors(2)
print("#8")
print(neighbor_list)
 
#To delete all the nodes and edges
G.clear()


Output: 

#1
[1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 9]
#2
[(1, 9), (1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 4), (1, 7), (2, 4), (2, 9)]
#3
[1, 2, 4, 7, 9]
#4
[(1, 9), (1, 4), (1, 7), (2, 4), (2, 9)]
#5
5
#6
5
#7
2
#8
[4, 9]

In the next post, we’ll be discussing how to create weighted graphs, directed graphs, multi graphs. How to draw graphs. In later posts we’ll see how to use inbuilt functions like Depth first search aka dfs, breadth first search aka BFS, dijkstra’s shortest path algorithm. 

This article is contributed by Pratik Chhajer. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using write.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to review-team@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.


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