Skip to content
Related Articles
Get the best out of our app
Open App

Related Articles

National Political Parties in India

Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article
Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article

A political party is a gathering who meets up to challenge races and holds power in the public authority. They settle on certain strategies and projects for the general public, with the end goal of advancing the aggregate great.

A political party is partitioned by three systems:

  • The Leaders.
  • The active members.
  • The followers.

These parts of political parties hold really great for each of the nations on the planet.

Functions of a Political party

We need political parties because of the functions that the political parties play:

  • Parties contest elections.
  • Parties form a government and run the country.
  • They present different approaches and projects for individuals.
  • They assume a significant part in decision-production to enact and execute.
  • These gatherings, when effective in decisions, structure and run the public authority.
  • These gatherings, in the event that they lose, become the resistance groups and assume the part of condemning the public authority.
  • The gatherings shape the popular’s perspective on different issues. They can assist them with framing an assessment and can likewise impact them to adjust their perspective.
  • These gatherings assist the populace with getting to the public authority’s arrangements and acts.

Challenges to political parties

  • Lack of internal democracy.
  • The dynastic progression.
  • Money and muscle power.

Steps to strengthen the political parties

Party leaders ought to make stricter regulations with respect to unseen struggles of the party which they personally will undoubtedly obey as well. Each party should have a booking of 33% of seats for ladies so that issues connected with ladies in the nation are better addressed and the issues connected with orientation disparity are settled. Assuming any party part is ended up being enjoyed any kind of wrongdoing, that individual ought to be rusticated from the party. The government ought to force stricter regulations in regards to consumption before decisions to get the political parties far from impacting the electors with cash.

National Parties

Each party in the nation needs to enlist with the Election Commission. It offers a few exceptional offices for huge and laid-out parties. The Election Commission has set down nitty-gritty rules of the extent of votes and seats that a party should set up to be a perceived party.

  • A party that gets something like 6% of the all-out votes in a political decision to the Legislative Assembly of a State and wins somewhere around 2 seats is perceived as a State Party.
  • A party that gets something like 6% of the all out votes in Lok Sabha decisions or Assembly races in 4 States and wins somewhere around 4 seats in the Lok Sabha is perceived as a National Party.

National Parties in India

Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)

  • Idea by Syama Prasad Mukherjee in 1951 and established in 1980.
  • Drawing motivation from India’s antiquated culture and values and Deendayal Upadhyaya’s thoughts of indispensable humanism and Antyodaya, needs to fabricate a solid and current India.
  • Social patriotism (or ‘Hindutva’) is a significant component in its origination of Indian nationhood and governmental issues.
  • Prior restricted to north and west and to metropolitan regions, the party extended its help in the south, east, the north-east and to country regions.

Indian National Congress (INC)

  • Prominently known as the Congress Party. Perhaps the most established party of the world. Established in 1885 and has encountered many parts.
  • Under the administration of Jawaharlal Nehru, the party looked to assemble an advanced common popularity based republic in India.
  • The party’s fundamental thought is to advance secularism and government assistance of more fragile segments and minorities.

All India Trinamool Congress (AITC)

  • Sent off on 1 January 1998 under the authority of Mamata Banerjee.
  • Perceived as a public party in 2016.
  • The party’s image is blossoms and grass.
  • Focused on secularism and federalism.
  • Has been in power in West Bengal starting around 2011 and has a presence in Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Tripura.

Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)

  • Shaped in 1984 under the initiative of Kanshi Ram.
  • For the rights of Bahujan Samaj which incorporates the Dalits, Adivasis, OBCs and strict minorities.
  • Represents the reason for getting the interests and government assistance of the Dalits and mistreated individuals.
  • It has its fundamental base in the province of Uttar Pradesh and significant presence in adjoining states like Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Delhi and Punjab.
  • Shaped government in UP a few times by taking the help of various gatherings at various times.

Sample Questions

Question 1: Describe the three major components of a political party?


  • Leaders- Leaders are the ones who hold the position of Power at different levels in a circle of politics.
  • Active members- political parties comprise of lakhs of members and political activities across the entire nation. Their vital role is promoting the agenda of the party.
  • Followers- They are general residents of the country who firmly have confidence in the thought and approaches of the party and stretch out their help to the party.

Question 2: What is a political party? State any three points of the ideology of Bharatiya Janata party?


Political party is a gathering who meet up to challenge races and hold power in the public authority. They settle on certain strategies and projects for the general public, with the end goal of advancing the aggregate great.

Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) was founded in 1980. It draws inspiration from India’s ancient culture.

Ideology of Bharatiya Janata party are:

  • Cultural Nationalism and values.
  • Jammu and Kashmir to be fully integrated to India.
  • A uniform common code for all people living in the country regardless of religion.

Question 3: What are the important characteristics of a political party?


  • Political parties contest elections.
  • They play a decisive role in making laws.
  • They form and run the government.
  • They have their own strategies, ideologies and manifesto.

Question 4: Suggest some reforms to political parties?


  • Regulation to direct the inner issues of political parties like keeping a register of its individuals, to follow its own constitution, to have free power, to go about as judge if there should be an occurrence of party debate, to hold open decisions to the most elevated post.
  • Mandatory to give one third tickets to women candidates. Also there should be quota for women on the decision-making of the party.
  • Candidates with criminal records shouldn’t be promoted.
  • Citizens can change legislative issues in the event that they partake straight forwardly and join ideological groups. Individuals can come down on ideological groups through petitions, exposure in media, disturbances and so forth.

Question 5: How could the developing job of money and muscle power in a political parties can be controlled?

Answer :

 The developing job of money and muscle power in a political parties can be controlled in following ways:

  • There ought to be State financing of decisions.
  • Rallies and parades ought to be prohibited.
  • Numerous types elections ought to be held simultaneously.

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Last Updated : 01 Sep, 2022
Like Article
Save Article
Similar Reads
Related Tutorials