Myth about the file name and class name in Java
The first lecture note given during java class is “In java file name and class name should be the same”. When the above law is violated a compiler error message will appear as below
javac Trial.java Trial.java:9: error: class Geeks is public, should be declared in a file named Geeks.java public class Geeks ^ 1 error
But the myth can be violated in such a way to compile the above file.
Step 1 will create a Geeks.class (byte code) without any error message since the class is not public.
Now the output will be Hello world
The myth about the file name and class name should be same only when the class is declared in public.
The above program works as follows:
Now, this .class file can be executed. By the above features, some more miracles can be done. It is possible to have many classes in a java file. For debugging purposes, this approach can be used. Each class can be executed separately to test their functionalities(only on one condition: Inheritance concept should not be used).
But in general, it is good to follow the myth.
When the above file is compiled as javac Trial.java this will create 2 .class files as ForGeeks.class and GeeksTest.class .
Since each class has separate main() stub they can be tested individually.
- When java ForGeeks is executed the output is For Geeks class.
- When java GeeksTest is executed the output is Geeks Test class.
Note: There are two classes here, Triangle and Demo. Then which class name must be considered as the file name?
The class name Demo must be taken as the file name. The reason behind taking Demo as the file name is that it has the main method and execution begins from the main method.
Filename: Demo.java Compilation: javac Demo.java Run: java Demo Output: Area of triangle:65
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