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Maximum number of leaf nodes that can be visited within the given budget

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 18 Aug, 2021

Given a binary tree and an integer b representing budget. The task is to find the count of maximum number of leaf nodes that can be visited under the given budget if cost of visiting a leaf node is equal to level of that leaf node
Note: Root of the tree is at level 1.
Examples: 
 

Input: b = 8
           10
         /    \
        8       15
       /      /   \
      3      11     18 
              \
               13
Output: 2
For the above binary tree, leaf nodes are 3, 
13 and 18 at levels 3, 4 and 3 respectively.
Cost for visiting leaf node 3 is 3
Cost for visiting leaf node 13 is 4
Cost for visiting leaf node 18 is 3
Thus with given budget = 8, we can at maximum
visit two leaf nodes.

Input: b = 1
           8
         /   \
        7     10
       /      
      3      
             
Output: 0 
For the above binary tree, leaf nodes are
3 and 10 at levels 3 and 2 respectively.
Cost for visiting leaf node 3 is 3
Cost for visiting leaf node 10 is 2
In given budget = 1, we can't visit
any leaf node.

 

Approach: 
 

  • Traverse the binary tree using level order traversal, and store the level of all the leaf nodes in a priority queue.
  • Remove an element from the priority queue one by one, check if this value is within the budget.
  • If Yes then subtract this value from the budget and update count = count + 1.
  • Else, print the count of maximum leaf nodes that can be visited within the given budget.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:
 

C++




// C++ program to calculate the maximum number of leaf
// nodes that can be visited within the given budget
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// struct that represents a node of the tree
struct Node {
    Node* left;
    Node* right;
    int data;
  
    Node(int key)
    {
        data = key;
        this->left = nullptr;
        this->right = nullptr;
    }
};
 
Node* newNode(int key)
{
    Node* temp = new Node(key);
    return temp;
}
  
// Priority queue to store the levels
// of all the leaf nodes
vector<int> pq;
 
// Level order traversal of the binary tree
void levelOrder(Node* root)
{
    vector<Node*> q;
    int len, level = 0;
    Node* temp;
 
    // If tree is empty
    if (root == nullptr)
        return;
 
    q.push_back(root);
 
    while (true) {
 
        len = q.size();
        if (len == 0)
            break;
        level++;
        while (len > 0) {
 
            temp = q[0];
            q.erase(q.begin());
 
            // If left child exists
            if (temp->left != nullptr)
                q.push_back(temp->left);
 
            // If right child exists
            if (temp->right != nullptr)
                q.push_back(temp->right);
 
            // If node is a leaf node
            if (temp->left == nullptr && temp->right == nullptr)
            {
                pq.push_back(level);
                sort(pq.begin(), pq.end());
                reverse(pq.begin(), pq.end());
            }
            len--;
        }
    }
}
 
// Function to calculate the maximum number of leaf nodes
// that can be visited within the given budget
int countLeafNodes(Node* root, int budget)
{
    levelOrder(root);
    int val;
 
    // Variable to store the count of
    // number of leaf nodes possible to visit
    // within the given budget
    int count = 0;
 
    while (pq.size() != 0) {
 
        // Removing element from
        // min priority queue one by one
        val = pq[0];
        pq.erase(pq.begin());
 
        // If current val is under budget, the
        // node can be visited
        // Update the budget afterwards
        if (val <= budget) {
            count++;
            budget -= val;
        }
        else
            break;
    }
    return count;
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    Node* root = newNode(10);
    root->left = newNode(8);
    root->right = newNode(15);
    root->left->left = newNode(3);
    root->left->left->right = newNode(13);
    root->right->left = newNode(11);
    root->right->right = newNode(18);
  
    int budget = 8;
  
    cout << countLeafNodes(root, budget);
 
    return 0;
}
 
// This code is contributed by decode2207.


Java




// Java program to calculate the maximum number of leaf
// nodes that can be visited within the given budget
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.lang.*;
 
// Class that represents a node of the tree
class Node {
    int data;
    Node left, right;
 
    // Constructor to create a new tree node
    Node(int key)
    {
        data = key;
        left = right = null;
    }
}
 
class GFG {
 
    // Priority queue to store the levels
    // of all the leaf nodes
    static PriorityQueue<Integer> pq;
 
    // Level order traversal of the binary tree
    static void levelOrder(Node root)
    {
        Queue<Node> q = new LinkedList<>();
        int len, level = 0;
        Node temp;
 
        // If tree is empty
        if (root == null)
            return;
 
        q.add(root);
 
        while (true) {
 
            len = q.size();
            if (len == 0)
                break;
            level++;
            while (len > 0) {
 
                temp = q.remove();
 
                // If left child exists
                if (temp.left != null)
                    q.add(temp.left);
 
                // If right child exists
                if (temp.right != null)
                    q.add(temp.right);
 
                // If node is a leaf node
                if (temp.left == null && temp.right == null)
                    pq.add(level);
                len--;
            }
        }
    }
 
    // Function to calculate the maximum number of leaf nodes
    // that can be visited within the given budget
    static int countLeafNodes(Node root, int budget)
    {
        pq = new PriorityQueue<>();
        levelOrder(root);
        int val;
 
        // Variable to store the count of
        // number of leaf nodes possible to visit
        // within the given budget
        int count = 0;
 
        while (pq.size() != 0) {
 
            // Removing element from
            // min priority queue one by one
            val = pq.poll();
 
            // If current val is under budget, the
            // node can be visited
            // Update the budget afterwards
            if (val <= budget) {
                count++;
                budget -= val;
            }
            else
                break;
        }
        return count;
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
 
        Node root = new Node(10);
        root.left = new Node(8);
        root.right = new Node(15);
        root.left.left = new Node(3);
        root.left.left.right = new Node(13);
        root.right.left = new Node(11);
        root.right.right = new Node(18);
 
        int budget = 8;
 
        System.out.println(countLeafNodes(root, budget));
    }
}


Python3




# Python3 program to calculate the maximum number of leaf
# nodes that can be visited within the given budget
 
# struct that represents a node of the tree
class Node:
    # Constructor to set the data of
    # the newly created tree node
    def __init__(self, key):
        self.data = key
        self.left = None
        self.right = None
 
# Priority queue to store the levels
# of all the leaf nodes
pq = []
 
# Level order traversal of the binary tree
def levelOrder(root):
 
    q = []
    level = 0
 
    # If tree is empty
    if (root == None):
        return
 
    q.append(root)
 
    while (True) :
 
        Len = len(q)
        if (Len == 0):
            break
        level+=1
        while (Len > 0) :
 
            temp = q[0]
            del q[0]
 
            # If left child exists
            if (temp.left != None):
                q.append(temp.left)
 
            # If right child exists
            if (temp.right != None):
                q.append(temp.right)
 
            # If node is a leaf node
            if (temp.left == None and temp.right == None):
             
                pq.append(level)
                pq.sort()
                pq.reverse()
             
            Len-=1
     
    return pq
 
# Function to calculate the maximum number of leaf nodes
# that can be visited within the given budget
def countLeafNodes(root, budget):
 
    pq = levelOrder(root)
 
    # Variable to store the count of
    # number of leaf nodes possible to visit
    # within the given budget
    count = 0
 
    while (len(pq) != 0) :
 
        # Removing element from
        # min priority queue one by one
        val = pq[0]
        del pq[0]
 
        # If current val is under budget, the
        # node can be visited
        # Update the budget afterwards
        if (val <= budget) :
            count+=1
            budget -= val
         
        else:
            break
         
    return count
 
root = Node(10)
root.left = Node(8)
root.right = Node(15);
root.left.left = Node(3)
root.left.left.right = Node(13)
root.right.left = Node(11)
root.right.right = Node(18)
 
budget = 8
 
print(countLeafNodes(root, budget))
 
# This code is contributed by suresh07.


C#




// C# program to calculate the maximum number of leaf
// nodes that can be visited within the given budget
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
class GFG {
     
    // Class that represents a node of the tree
    class Node
    {
        public Node left, right;
        public int data;
    };
     
    static Node newNode(int key)
    {
        Node temp = new Node();
        temp.data = key;
        temp.left = temp.right = null;
        return temp;
    }
     
    // Priority queue to store the levels
    // of all the leaf nodes
    static List<int> pq;
  
    // Level order traversal of the binary tree
    static void levelOrder(Node root)
    {
        List<Node> q = new List<Node>();
        int len, level = 0;
        Node temp;
  
        // If tree is empty
        if (root == null)
            return;
  
        q.Add(root);
  
        while (true) {
  
            len = q.Count;
            if (len == 0)
                break;
            level++;
            while (len > 0) {
  
                temp = q[0];
                q.RemoveAt(0);
  
                // If left child exists
                if (temp.left != null)
                    q.Add(temp.left);
  
                // If right child exists
                if (temp.right != null)
                    q.Add(temp.right);
  
                // If node is a leaf node
                if (temp.left == null && temp.right == null)
                {
                    pq.Add(level);
                    pq.Sort();
                    pq.Reverse();
                }
                len--;
            }
        }
    }
  
    // Function to calculate the maximum number of leaf nodes
    // that can be visited within the given budget
    static int countLeafNodes(Node root, int budget)
    {
        pq = new List<int>();
        levelOrder(root);
        int val;
  
        // Variable to store the count of
        // number of leaf nodes possible to visit
        // within the given budget
        int count = 0;
  
        while (pq.Count != 0) {
  
            // Removing element from
            // min priority queue one by one
            val = pq[0];
            pq.RemoveAt(0);
  
            // If current val is under budget, the
            // node can be visited
            // Update the budget afterwards
            if (val <= budget) {
                count++;
                budget -= val;
            }
            else
                break;
        }
        return count;
    }
 
  static void Main() {
    Node root = newNode(10);
    root.left = newNode(8);
    root.right = newNode(15);
    root.left.left = newNode(3);
    root.left.left.right = newNode(13);
    root.right.left = newNode(11);
    root.right.right = newNode(18);
 
    int budget = 8;
 
    Console.Write(countLeafNodes(root, budget));
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by divyeshrabadiya07.


Javascript




<script>
 
    // JavaScript program to calculate
    // the maximum number of leaf
    // nodes that can be visited within the given budget
     
    // Class that represents a node of the tree
    class Node {
        constructor(data) {
           this.left = null;
           this.right = null;
           this.data = data;
        }
    }
     
    // Priority queue to store the levels
    // of all the leaf nodes
    let pq = [];
   
    // Level order traversal of the binary tree
    function levelOrder(root)
    {
        let q = [];
        let len, level = 0;
        let temp;
   
        // If tree is empty
        if (root == null)
            return;
   
        q.push(root);
   
        while (true) {
   
            len = q.length;
            if (len == 0)
                break;
            level++;
            while (len > 0) {
   
                temp = q.shift();
   
                // If left child exists
                if (temp.left != null)
                    q.push(temp.left);
   
                // If right child exists
                if (temp.right != null)
                    q.push(temp.right);
   
                // If node is a leaf node
                if (temp.left == null && temp.right == null)
                {
                    pq.push(level);
                    pq.sort(function(a, b){return a - b});
                    pq.reverse();
                }
                len--;
            }
        }
    }
   
    // Function to calculate the maximum number of leaf nodes
    // that can be visited within the given budget
    function countLeafNodes(root, budget)
    {
        pq = [];
        levelOrder(root);
        let val;
   
        // Variable to store the count of
        // number of leaf nodes possible to visit
        // within the given budget
        let count = 0;
   
        while (pq.length != 0) {
   
            // Removing element from
            // min priority queue one by one
            val = pq[0];
            pq.shift();
   
            // If current val is under budget, the
            // node can be visited
            // Update the budget afterwards
            if (val <= budget) {
                count++;
                budget -= val;
            }
            else
                break;
        }
        return count;
    }
     
    let root = new Node(10);
    root.left = new Node(8);
    root.right = new Node(15);
    root.left.left = new Node(3);
    root.left.left.right = new Node(13);
    root.right.left = new Node(11);
    root.right.right = new Node(18);
 
    let budget = 8;
 
    document.write(countLeafNodes(root, budget));
 
</script>


Output: 

2

 


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