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Major Industrial Regions of the World

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Industrial areas are concentrated in particular areas because of favorable geo-economic conditions. These are areas in which the manufacturing industries tend to operate on a large scale basis and also employ a large part of the population. The distribution of industries denotes a localized trend in a few areas which are referred to as “industrial regions”. Some of the most important industrial regions include Western and Central Europe, eastern Europe, eastern Asia, and Eastern North America. Seaports and coalfields are areas of major industrial regions.

Major Industrial Regions of the World

Major Industrial Regions of the World

Major Industrial Regions of the World

The world’s five major industrial regions include the following:

  1. North American Region
  2. European Regions
  3. Other European Regions
  4. Asian Regions
  5. Other Asian Industrial Zones

Different factors affect the location of industry, which includes the market, labor supply, the cost of land resources, availability of raw materials, nature of human and natural resources, value of goods produced in the context of various items which are used during production, and supply of capital.

Factors Influencing Global Industry Location

The factors which influence the global industry locations include:

Historical Factors

Manufacturing is influenced by all developed countries which are dependent heavily on their history and the evolution of many European communities has influenced the development of industries. The subsidiary industry refers to those which use a certain by-product from that of the primary industry.

Geographical Factors

The geographical factors include the following factors:

  1. Natural and Climatic Conditions: Natural and climatic conditions include different features like the topography of an area, water facilities, drainage facilities, and so forth.
  2. Availability of Resources: Raw materials availability is very important and the location of raw materials and resources is responsible for the location of industries.
  3. Availability of Resources: Raw material is most important and availability of raw materials is important.
  4. Transportation: Transportation infrastructure is important in the placement of industry which includes roadways, waterways, and railways.

Other Factors

Other factors include the availability of labor, consumer proximity market, areas of agglomeration, and others like low transport costs, geographic advantages, labor pooling, and matching.

Classification of Industries

Industries are classified into the following types:

Primary industry: Primary industries are the most basic type of industry and consist of the processing of raw materials and production of industrial raw materials.

Secondary industry: Secondary industries encompass all the processing of partially manufactured goods for the creation of complex products.

Tertiary Industry: Tertiary industries include trade, transportation, commerce, entertainment, personal services, and so forth. The tertiary sector is further classified into the Quaternary and the Quinary sectors.

Major Industries in the World

Major Industries Countries
Basic Industries USA, Japan, and China
Consumer Goods Industries Most parts of the world
Metallic Industries China, India, Japan
Shipbuilding Industries Japan
Automobile Industry United States, Japan, Germany, France
Railway Equipment and Airports United States
Chemical Industries Germany, China, USA
Textile Industries Southern United States and Japan
Agro-based industries USA, China, India, and Russia
Forest-based industry India, EU, Japan

Industrial Systems 

Implemented with the support of industry dependent on a system; This framework is considered the industrial system. This fabric is made up of information, techniques, and results. The entrance between it contains an unrefined substance, the price on earth, labor, matter, transport, surveillance, and others. This process adapts to many different types of exercises because the raw material change of the product is perfect. Then comes the result, which is certainly the income provided by the first two processes. , in the fabric business input should be appreciated such as unrefined substance, the cost to shore, cost of transportation many times, wheel back and forth, back and forth or the end result is fabric full. Industrial employment depends on political will or government support.

Industrial zones

Industrial zones occur when several groups discover next to each other and then share the benefits of the area near each other. The main peak regions related to the ball are Japan North America, Finals but Central Europe, Eastern Europe, and Japan Asia. Large contemporaneous settlements repeatedly desired to remain in cold regions, closing by seaports, then specifically by coal mines.

India has a few modern districts like  Mumbai Pune cluster, Bangalore Tamil Nadu, Hugli region, Ahmedabad Baroda region, modern Chotanagpur belt, Vishakhapatnam Guntur belt, Gurgaon Delhi Meerut district, then modern Kollam Thiruvananthapuram cluster.

Commercial enterprise alludes to the imitation of the surrender of money for that money in connection with the production of goods, mining-related minerals, and related administrative affiliation. In this approach we have steel companies (manufacturing goods), coal mining companies (coal-related mining), then the tourism industry (specialized barns).

Characteristics of Industrial Areas

  • Modern counties occur when a number of businesses are located close together or take advantage of neighborhoods that are close together.
  • Modern major localities will still operate over time in moderate areas, closing behind seaports, then especially forging coal mines.
  • The main modern locations for the ball are Eastern North America, western or Central Europe, Eastern Europe, and Japan Asia.
  • In India, modern locales are Mumbai Pune group, Bangalore district Tamil Nadu, Hugli locality, Ahmadabad Baroda locality, etc.
  • Modern counties are also based on the mechanical development of a state.
  • Existing corridors are used by the above countries for potentially intense uses. The economic exchange between China and India is one such model.


Industrial regions are those areas where industries have been concentrated because of favorable geo-economic conditions and are very unevenly distributed in the globe and both natural and cultural factors play an important role. These industrial areas have various industries and are well-known for the production of various industrial products.

FAQs on Major Industrial Regions of the World

Q 1. Name the five major industrial regions in the world.


The five major industrial regions in the world are-

  1. North American Region
  2. European Regions
  3. Other European Regions
  4. Asian Regions
  5. Other Asian Industrial Zones

Q 2. Discuss Sao Paulo region in brief.


Sao Paulo region is the largest city and is also known as financial capital of Brazil, as it is home to many corporations.

Q 3. What are the major industrial regions of Asia?


The major industrial regions of Asia are Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea and Singapore.

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Last Updated : 06 Jun, 2023
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