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List of Important Commissions in India

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  • Last Updated : 29 Sep, 2022
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In government exams like SSC, Banking, Railways, etc we find many questions from the Polity general awareness section. this is a very broad section and sometimes questions are very factual. we will cover the General awareness section comprehensively so that students can learn and get most of the questions correct in this section. In this article, we will provide a list of Important Commissions in India.

Commissions in India: An Introduction

  • A commission is a group of people appointed by the government to accomplish a specific task or goal. It can be long-term or specific to achieve a short-term goal. Perpetual commissions are long-term commissions. Ad hoc commissions are commissions charged with carrying out a specific task. 
     
  • Some commissions are permanent,  others time-limited. This latter type is established for a single purpose and expires once its mission is accomplished and its report is submitted to the government.

List of Permanent Commissions in India:

Commission

Year of   formation

          Objective

Central Information Commission (CIC)  2005 To receive and inquire into complaints from aggrieved persons
Central Vigilance Commission (CVC)  1964 To process and investigate crimes committed by central government officials, officials of  corporations, businesses, and local authorities under the central government
Atomic Energy Commission of India  1948 To look after atomic energy requirements in the country
Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP)  1965 To give meaningful real income levels to farmers, and to help farmers adopt new technology for increased productivity
National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC)  1993 Consider inclusions  and exclusions in the lists of municipalities reported overdue for job reservations and bids as necessary and advise the General Government on these matters
National Commission on Cattle  2002 To recommend ways to improve cattle conditions in India
National Commission for Women (NCW) 1992 To protect and promote the interests of women in India
Competition Commission of India (CCI)  2003 To enforce ‘The Competition Act, 2002’ all over India
Telecom Commission  1989 To deal with various aspects of telecommunications
National Statistical Commission (NCS)  2005 To reduce the problems faced by statistical agencies regarding the collection of data
Election Commission (ECI)  1950 To administer the election process all over India
Law Commission  1834 To reform the law for promoting justice in society
Finance Commission (FCI)  1951 To recommend the distribution of the finances between the centre and the states
National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)  1993 To protect and promote human rights
University Grants Commission (UGC)  1956 To give recognition to universities in India, disburse funds and maintain standards in university education
National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST)  2004 To protect and develop the condition of STs in India.
National Forest Commission   2003 To review and assess the existing forest policy
Central Water Commission (CWC)  1945 To manage schemes for control, conservation, and utilization of water resources throughout the country
Commission for Additional Sources of Energy  1981 To formulate and implement policies and programmes for the development of new and renewable energy
National Flood Commission 1976 To provide a coordinated, integrated, and scientific approach to the flood control problems in the country.
Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC)  1956 To plan, promote, organize, facilitate and assist in the establishment and development of khadi and village industries in rural areas.
Staff Selection Commission (SSC)  1975 To recruit staff for various posts in the Ministries and Departments of the Union Government.
Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC)  1966 To give recommendations regarding the public administration system of India.
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)  1926 Organization of examinations for appointment to the services of the Union Direct recruitment through the selection process. 
Appointment of Promotions/Deputation/Admissions Officers and more

List of Ad hoc Commissions:

                                                                       Commission

            Year

                                                                                                                                                                    Objective

States Reorganisation Commission 1955  Recommend the reorganization of state boundaries
Kothari Commission  1964  To formulate the general principles and guidelines for the development of education at all levels
To advise the government on a standardized national pattern of education in India
Kapur Commission 
 
1966  To inquiry into the conspiracy that led to the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi
 Khosla Commission  1970  Investigate the death of Subhas Chandra Bose in 1945
Mandal Commission 1979  It Identified over 450 backward classes comprising 52% of the country’s population
It recommended 27% of the seats in academic institutions and jobs in Govt. organizations for these classes.
Sarkaria Commission  1983  To examine the balance of power between centre and state and suggest reforms
It provides appropriate recommendations on the appointment of the Governor.
Mukherjee Commission  2005  To Investigate the death of Subhas Chandra Bose in 1945
Nanavati Commission 2000   To Investigate the 1984 anti-Sikh riots
Narendran Commission 2000  To study and report on the representation of Backward Classes in the State public services.
National Commission to review the working of the Constitution  2000  It suggested changes in the electoral laws, setting up a national judicial commission for appointing judges and election of the Prime Minister by Lok Sabha.
Nanavati-Mehta Commission 2002  To probe the Godhra train burning incident and the post-Godhra carnage
Commission for Religious and Linguistic Minorities  2004  To look into various issues related to Linguistic and Religious minorities in India
Liberhan Commission  1992  To investigate the destruction of the disputed structure Babri Masjid
Shah Commission  1977  It inquire into all the wrongs committed during the Indian Emergency.

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