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Line Configuration in Computer Networks

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 12 Oct, 2022
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A network is two or more devices connected through a link. A link is a communication pathway that transfers data from one device to another. Devices can be a computer, printer, or any other device that is capable to send and receive data. For visualization purposes, imagine any link as a line drawn between two points. 

For communication to occur, two devices must be connected in some way to the same link at the same time. There are two possible types of connections: 

  1. Point-to-Point Connection
  2. Multipoint Connection

Point-to-Point Connection :  

  1. A point-to-point connection provides a dedicated link between two devices.
  2. The entire capacity of the link is reserved for transmission between those two devices.
  3. Most point-to-point connections use an actual length of wire or cable to connect the two ends, but other options such as microwave or satellite links are also possible.
  4. Point to point network topology is considered to be one of the easiest and most conventional networks 
  5. It is also the simplest to establish and understand.

Example: Point-to-Point connection between the remote control and Television for changing the channels. 

Multipoint Connection :  

  1. It is also called Multidrop configuration. In this connection, two or more devices share a single link.
  2. If more than two devices share the link then the channel is considered as a ‘shared channel’. With shared capacity, there can be two possibilities in a Multipoint Line configuration:

Spatial Sharing: If several devices can share the link simultaneously, it’s called Spatially shared line configuration. 
Temporal (Time) Sharing: If users must take turns using the link, then it’s called Temporally shared or Time Shared Line configuration. 


This article is contributed by Saloni Gupta. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using or mail your article to See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks. 

Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.

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