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Junk File Organizer in Python

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  • Difficulty Level : Hard
  • Last Updated : 11 Jul, 2022
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Basically, as a lazy programmer, my desktop is full of files (Junk Files). Due to a large number of files, it is a daunting task to sit and organize each file. To make that task easy the below Python script comes in handy and all the files are organized in a well-manner within seconds. 

Screenshot before running the script

lazy junk organizer

Following are the steps to be followed:  

  • Create Dictionaries: The code below will create the defined Directories. 
DIRECTORIES = {
    "HTML": [".html5", ".html", ".htm", ".xhtml"],
    "IMAGES": [".jpeg", ".jpg", ".tiff", ".gif", ".bmp", ".png", ".bpg", "svg",
               ".heif", ".psd"],
    "VIDEOS": [".avi", ".flv", ".wmv", ".mov", ".mp4", ".webm", ".vob", ".mng",
               ".qt", ".mpg", ".mpeg", ".3gp"],
    "DOCUMENTS": [".oxps", ".epub", ".pages", ".docx", ".doc", ".fdf", ".ods",
                  ".odt", ".pwi", ".xsn", ".xps", ".dotx", ".docm", ".dox",
                  ".rvg", ".rtf", ".rtfd", ".wpd", ".xls", ".xlsx", ".ppt",
                  "pptx"],
    "ARCHIVES": [".a", ".ar", ".cpio", ".iso", ".tar", ".gz", ".rz", ".7z",
                 ".dmg", ".rar", ".xar", ".zip"],
    "AUDIO": [".aac", ".aa", ".aac", ".dvf", ".m4a", ".m4b", ".m4p", ".mp3",
              ".msv", "ogg", "oga", ".raw", ".vox", ".wav", ".wma"],
    "PLAINTEXT": [".txt", ".in", ".out"],
    "PDF": [".pdf"],
    "PYTHON": [".py"],
    "XML": [".xml"],
    "EXE": [".exe"],
    "SHELL": [".sh"]

}
  • Mapping: Now we will map the file formats with the directory. 
FILE_FORMATS = {file_format: directory
                for directory, file_formats in DIRECTORIES.items()
                for file_format in file_formats}
  • Here, we map file extensions with the directory. 
def organize_junk():
    for entry in os.scandir():
        if entry.is_dir():
            continue
        file_path = Path(entry)
        file_format = file_path.suffix.lower()
        if file_format in FILE_FORMATS:
            directory_path = Path(FILE_FORMATS[file_format])
            directory_path.mkdir(exist_ok=True)
            file_path.rename(directory_path.joinpath(file_path))

        for dir in os.scandir():
            try:
                os.rmdir(dir)
            except:
                pass
  • The above function will check for the existing directory for the same name we defined. If the existing directory is found then it will continue or else a new directory is created. And it will categorize all the files based on the extension in the appropriate folder. 
  • Organizing: Following is the code for Python Lazy Junk Files Organizer. It will organize everything in the appropriate folder in a single go and remove empty directories. 

python




import os
from pathlib import Path
  
DIRECTORIES = {
    "HTML": [".html5", ".html", ".htm", ".xhtml"],
    "IMAGES": [".jpeg", ".jpg", ".tiff", ".gif", ".bmp", ".png", ".bpg", "svg",
               ".heif", ".psd"],
    "VIDEOS": [".avi", ".flv", ".wmv", ".mov", ".mp4", ".webm", ".vob", ".mng",
               ".qt", ".mpg", ".mpeg", ".3gp"],
    "DOCUMENTS": [".oxps", ".epub", ".pages", ".docx", ".doc", ".fdf", ".ods",
                  ".odt", ".pwi", ".xsn", ".xps", ".dotx", ".docm", ".dox",
                  ".rvg", ".rtf", ".rtfd", ".wpd", ".xls", ".xlsx", ".ppt",
                  "pptx"],
    "ARCHIVES": [".a", ".ar", ".cpio", ".iso", ".tar", ".gz", ".rz", ".7z",
                 ".dmg", ".rar", ".xar", ".zip"],
    "AUDIO": [".aac", ".aa", ".aac", ".dvf", ".m4a", ".m4b", ".m4p", ".mp3",
              ".msv", "ogg", "oga", ".raw", ".vox", ".wav", ".wma"],
    "PLAINTEXT": [".txt", ".in", ".out"],
    "PDF": [".pdf"],
    "PYTHON": [".py"],
    "XML": [".xml"],
    "EXE": [".exe"],
    "SHELL": [".sh"]
  
}
  
FILE_FORMATS = {file_format: directory
                for directory, file_formats in DIRECTORIES.items()
                for file_format in file_formats}
  
def organize_junk():
    for entry in os.scandir():
        if entry.is_dir():
            continue
        file_path = Path(entry)
        file_format = file_path.suffix.lower()
        if file_format in FILE_FORMATS:
            directory_path = Path(FILE_FORMATS[file_format])
            directory_path.mkdir(exist_ok=True)
            file_path.rename(directory_path.joinpath(file_path))
  
        for dir in os.scandir():
            try:
                os.rmdir(dir)
            except:
                pass
  
if __name__ == "__main__":
    organize_junk()


  • Save the above script as orgjunk.py. For example, you want to organize files at desktop then copy and paste the orgjunk.py at Desktop and run.

lazy junk organizer

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Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.
 


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