A regular expression is a sequence of characters that forms a search pattern. The search pattern can be used for text search and text to replace operations. A regular expression can be a single character or a more complicated pattern. Regular expressions can be used to perform all types of text search and text replace operations.
var patt = /GeeksforGeeks/i;
/GeeksforGeeks/i is a regular expression.
GeeksforGeeks is a pattern (to be used in a search).
i is a modifier (modifies the search to be Case-Insensitive).
Regular Expression Modifiers :
Modifiers can be used to perform multiline searches:
|[abc]||Find any of the character inside the brackets|
|[0-9]||Find any of the digits between the brackets 0 to 9|
|(x | y)||Find any of the alternatives between x or y separated with ||
Regular Expression Patterns :
Metacharacters are characters with a special meaning:
|\d||Used to find a digit|
|\s||Used to find a whitespace character|
|\b||Used to find a match at beginning or at the end of a word|
|\uxxxx||Used to find the Unicode character specified by the hexadecimal number xxxxx|
Quantifiers define quantities:
|n+||Used to match any string that contains at least one n|
|n*||Used to match any string that contains zero or more occurrences of n|
|n?||Used to matches any string that contains zero or one occurrences of n|
Using String Methods:
The search() method uses an expression to search for a match, and returns the position of the match.
The replace() method returns a modified string where the pattern is replaced.
Using String search() With a Regular Expression :
Use a regular expression to do a case-insensitive search for “GeeksforGeeks” in a string:
Use String replace() With a Regular Expression :
Use a case insensitive regular expression to replace gfG with GeeksforGeeks in a string:
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