Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Javascript Program to Find closest number in array

View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article
  • Last Updated : 27 Jul, 2022
View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article

Given an array of sorted integers. We need to find the closest value to the given number. Array may contain duplicate values and negative numbers. 

Examples:  

Input : arr[] = {1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 6, 8, 9}
             Target number = 11
Output : 9
9 is closest to 11 in given array

Input :arr[] = {2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 8, 9}; 
       Target number = 4
Output : 5

A simple solution is to traverse through the given array and keep track of absolute difference of current element with every element. Finally return the element that has minimum absolution difference.

An efficient solution is to use Binary Search.  

Javascript




<script>
 
// JavaScript program to find element
// closest to given target.
 
// Returns element closest to target in arr[]
function findClosest(arr, target)
{
    let n = arr.length;
 
    // Corner cases
    if (target <= arr[0])
        return arr[0];
    if (target >= arr[n - 1])
        return arr[n - 1];
 
    // Doing binary search
    let i = 0, j = n, mid = 0;
    while (i < j)
    {
        mid = (i + j) / 2;
 
        if (arr[mid] == target)
            return arr[mid];
 
        // If target is less than array
        // element,then search in left
        if (target < arr[mid])
        {
      
            // If target is greater than previous
            // to mid, return closest of two
            if (mid > 0 && target > arr[mid - 1])
                return getClosest(arr[mid - 1],
                                  arr[mid], target);
               
            // Repeat for left half
            j = mid;             
        }
 
        // If target is greater than mid
        else
        {
            if (mid < n - 1 && target < arr[mid + 1])
                return getClosest(arr[mid],
                                  arr[mid + 1],
                                  target);               
            i = mid + 1; // update i
        }
    }
 
    // Only single element left after search
    return arr[mid];
}
 
// Method to compare which one is the more close
// We find the closest by taking the difference
//  between the target and both values. It assumes
// that val2 is greater than val1 and target lies
// between these two.
function getClosest(val1, val2, target)
{
    if (target - val1 >= val2 - target)
        return val2;       
    else
        return val1;       
}
 
// Driver Code
let arr = [ 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 6, 8, 9 ];
let target = 11;
 
document.write(findClosest(arr, target));
 
// This code is contributed by code_hunt
 
</script>


Output: 

9

Time Complexity: O(log(n))

Auxiliary Space: O(log(n)) (implicit stack is created due to recursion)

Please refer complete article on Find closest number in array for more details!
 


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!