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Javascript Program For Swapping Kth Node From Beginning With Kth Node From End In A Linked List

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  • Last Updated : 23 Dec, 2021

Given a singly linked list, swap kth node from beginning with kth node from end. Swapping of data is not allowed, only pointers should be changed. This requirement may be logical in many situations where the linked list data part is huge (For example student details line Name, RollNo, Address, ..etc). The pointers are always fixed (4 bytes for most of the compilers).
Example:

Input: 1 -> 2 -> 3 -> 4 -> 5, K = 2
Output: 1 -> 4 -> 3 -> 2 -> 5 
Explanation: The 2nd node from 1st is 2 and 
2nd node from last is 4, so swap them.

Input: 1 -> 2 -> 3 -> 4 -> 5, K = 5
Output: 5 -> 2 -> 3 -> 4 -> 1 
Explanation: The 5th node from 1st is 5 and 
5th node from last is 1, so swap them.

Illustration:

Approach: The idea is very simple find the k th node from the start and the kth node from last is n-k+1 th node from start. Swap both the nodes. 
However there are some corner cases, which must be handled

  1. Y is next to X
  2. X is next to Y
  3. X and Y are same
  4. X and Y don’t exist (k is more than number of nodes in linked list)

Below is the implementation of the above approach.

Javascript




<script>
// A javascript program to swap kth
// node from the beginning with
// kth node from the end
class Node 
{
    constructor(val) 
    {
        this.data = val;
        this.next = null;
    }
}
   
var head;
  
/* Utility function to insert a node 
   at the beginning */
function push(new_data) 
{
    new_node = new Node(new_data);
    new_node.next = head;
    head = new_node;
}
  
/* Utility function for displaying 
   linked list */
function printList()
{
    node = head;
    while (node != null
    {
         document.write(node.data + " ");
         node = node.next;
    }
    document.write("");
}
  
/* Utility function for calculating length 
   of linked list */
function countNodes() 
{
    var count = 0;
    s = head;
    while (s != null)
    {
        count++;
        s = s.next;
    }
    return count;
}
  
/* Function for swapping kth nodes from 
   both ends of linked list */
function swapKth(k)
{
    // Count nodes in linked list
    var n = countNodes();
  
    // Check if k is valid
    if (n < k)
        return;
  
    // If x (kth node from start) and
    // y(kth node from end) are same
    if (2 * k - 1 == n)
        return;
  
    // Find the kth node from beginning 
    // of linked list. We also find previous 
    // of kth node because we need to update 
    // next pointer of the previous.
    x = head;
    x_prev = null;
    for (i = 1; i < k; i++)
    {
        x_prev = x;
        x = x.next;
    }
  
    // Similarly, find the kth node from end 
    // and its previous. kth node from end 
    // is (n-k+1)th node from beginning
    y = head;
    y_prev = null;
    for (i = 1; i < n - k + 1; i++)
    {
        y_prev = y;
        y = y.next;
     }
  
     // If x_prev exists, then new next of it 
     // will be y. Consider the case when y->next 
     // is x, in this case, x_prev and y are same. 
     // So the statement "x_prev->next = y" creates 
     // a self loop. This self loop will be broken 
     // when we change y->next.
     if (x_prev != null)
         x_prev.next = y;
  
      // Same thing applies to y_prev
      if (y_prev != null)
          y_prev.next = x;
  
      // Swap next pointers of x and y. These 
      // statements also break self loop if 
      // x->next is y or y->next is x
      temp = x.next;
      x.next = y.next;
      y.next = temp;
  
      // Change head pointers when k is 1 or n
      if (k == 1)
          head = y;
  
      if (k == n)
          head = x;
}
  
// Driver code
for (let i = 8; i >= 1; i--)
    push(i);
  
document.write(
"Original linked list: <br/>");
printList();
document.write("<br/>");
  
for (let i = 1; i < 9; i++)
{
    swapKth(i);
    document.write(
    "Modified List for k = " + i + "<br/>");
    printList();
    document.write("<br/>");
}
// This code is contributed by gauravrajput1 
</script>


Output:

Original Linked List: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Modified List for k = 1
8 2 3 4 5 6 7 1

Modified List for k = 2
8 7 3 4 5 6 2 1

Modified List for k = 3
8 7 6 4 5 3 2 1

Modified List for k = 4
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Modified List for k = 5
8 7 6 4 5 3 2 1

Modified List for k = 6
8 7 3 4 5 6 2 1

Modified List for k = 7
8 2 3 4 5 6 7 1

Modified List for k = 8
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Complexity Analysis:

  • Time Complexity: O(n), where n is the length of the list. 
    One traversal of the list is needed.
  • Auxiliary Space: O(1). 
    No extra space is required.

Please refer complete article on Swap Kth node from beginning with Kth node from end in a Linked List for more details!


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