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Java Program to Interchange elements of first and last rows in matrix

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  • Last Updated : 19 Jul, 2022
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Given a 4 x 4 matrix, we have to interchange the elements of first and last row and show the resulting matrix.
Examples : 
 

Input : 3 4 5 0
        2 6 1 2
        2 7 1 2
        2 1 1 2
Output : 2 1 1 2
         2 6 1 2
         2 7 1 2
         3 4 5 0

Input : 9 7 5 1
        2 3 4 1
        5 6 6 5
        1 2 3 1
Output : 1 2 3 1
         2 3 4 1
         5 6 6 5
         9 7 5 1

 

The approach is very simple, we can simply swap the elements of first and last row of the matrix inorder to get the desired matrix as output.
Below is the implementation of the approach : 
 

Java




// Java code to swap the element of first
// and last row and display the result
import java.io.*;
 
public class Interchange {
     
    static void interchangeFirstLast(int m[][])
    {
        int rows = m.length;
         
        // swapping of element between first
        // and last rows
        for (int i = 0; i < m[0].length; i++) {
            int t = m[0][i];
            m[0][i] = m[rows-1][i];
            m[rows-1][i] = t;
        }
    }
     
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException
    {
        // input in the array
        int m[][] = { { 8, 9, 7, 6 },
                    { 4, 7, 6, 5 },
                    { 3, 2, 1, 8 },
                    { 9, 9, 7, 7 } };
                     
        interchangeFirstLast(m);
         
        // printing the interchanged matrix
        for (int i = 0; i < m.length; i++) {
            for (int j = 0; j < m[0].length; j++)
                System.out.print(m[i][j] + " ");
            System.out.println();
        }
    }
}


Output : 
 

9 9 7 7 
4 7 6 5 
3 2 1 8 
8 9 7 6 

Time Complexity: O(N*M), as printing the matrix takes O(N*M) time where N and M are dimensions of the matrix.

Auxiliary Space: O(1), as we are not using any extra space.

Please refer complete article on Interchange elements of first and last rows in matrix for more details!


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