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Java Program For Writing A Function To Get Nth Node In A Linked List

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  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 15 Jun, 2022

Write a GetNth() function that takes a linked list and an integer index and returns the data value stored in the node at that index position. 

Example: 

Input:  1->10->30->14,  index = 2
Output: 30  
The node at index 2 is 30

Algorithm: 

1. Initialize count = 0
2. Loop through the link list
     a. If count is equal to the passed index then return current
         node
     b. Increment count
     c. change current to point to next of the current.

Implementation: 

Java




// Java program to find n'th node
// in linked list
class Node
{
    int data;
    Node next;
    Node(int d)
    {
        data = d;
        next = null;
    }
}
 
class LinkedList
{
    // Head of list
    Node head;
 
    // Takes index as argument and
    // return data at index
    public int GetNth(int index)
    {
        Node current = head;
 
        // Index of Node we are
        // currently looking at
        int count = 0;
        while (current != null)
        {
            if (count == index)
                return current.data;
            count++;
            current = current.next;
        }
 
        /* If we get to this line, the caller
           was asking for a non-existent element
           so we assert fail */
        assert (false);
        return 0;
    }
 
    /* Given a reference to the head of a list
       and an int, inserts a new Node on the
       front of the list. */
    public void push(int new_data)
    {
        // 1. Alloc the Node and put data
        Node new_Node = new Node(new_data);
 
        // 2. Make next of new Node as head
        new_Node.next = head;
 
        // 3. Move the head to point to new Node
        head = new_Node;
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Start with empty list
        LinkedList llist = new LinkedList();
 
        // Use push() to construct list
        // 1->12->1->4->1
        llist.push(1);
        llist.push(4);
        llist.push(1);
        llist.push(12);
        llist.push(1);
 
        // Check the count function
        System.out.println("Element at index 3 is " +
                            llist.GetNth(3));
    }
}


Output:

Element at index 3 is 4

Time Complexity: O(n)

Method 2- With Recursion: 

Algorithm:  

getnth(node,n)
1. Initialize count = 0
2. if count==n
     return node->data
3. else
    return getnth(node->next,n-1)

Implementation: 

Java




// Java program to find n'th node
// in linked list using recursion
class GFG
{
    // Link list node
    static class Node
    {
        int data;
        Node next;
        Node(int data)
        {
           this.data = data;
        }
    }
 
    /* Given a reference (pointer to pointer)
       to the head of a list and an int, push
       a new node on the front of the list. */
    static Node push(Node head, int new_data)
    {
        // Allocate node
        Node new_node = new Node(new_data);
 
        // Put in the data
        new_node.data = new_data;
 
        new_node.next = head;
        head = new_node;
        return head;
    }
 
    /* Takes head pointer of the linked list
       and index as arguments and return data
       at index*/
    static int GetNth(Node head, int n)
    {
        int count = 0;
 
        // Edge case - if head is null
        if (head == null)
            return -1;
 
        // If count equal too n return
        // node.data
        if (count == n)
            return head.data;
 
        // Recursively decrease n and
        // increase head to next pointer
        return GetNth(head.next, n - 1);
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        // Start with the empty list
        Node head = null;
 
        // Use push() to construct list
        // 1.12.1.4.1
        head = push(head, 1);
        head = push(head, 4);
        head = push(head, 1);
        head = push(head, 12);
        head = push(head, 1);
 
        // Check the count function
        System.out.printf("Element at index 3 is %d",
                           GetNth(head, 3));
    }
}
// This code is contributed by Arnab Kundu


Output:

Element at index 3 is 4

Time Complexity: O(n) 

Please refer complete article on Write a function to get Nth node in a Linked List for more details!


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