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Java Program For Printing Nth Node From The End Of A Linked List

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  • Last Updated : 02 Aug, 2022
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Given a Linked List and a number n, write a function that returns the value at the n’th node from the end of the Linked List.
For example, if the input is below the list and n = 3, then the output is “B”.

linkedlist

Method 1 (Use length of linked list) 

1) Calculate the length of the Linked List. Let the length be len. 
2) Print the (len – n + 1)th node from the beginning of the Linked List. 

Double pointer concept:

First pointer is used to store the address of the variable and the second pointer is used to store the address of the first pointer. If we wish to change the value of a variable by a function, we pass a pointer to it. And if we wish to change the value of a pointer (i. e., it should start pointing to something else), we pass the pointer to a pointer.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

Java




// Simple Java program to find n'th node from end of linked list
class LinkedList {
    Node head; // head of the list
 
    /* Linked List node */
    class Node {
        int data;
        Node next;
        Node(int d)
        {
            data = d;
            next = null;
        }
    }
 
    /* Function to get the nth node from the last of a
       linked list */
    void printNthFromLast(int n)
    {
        int len = 0;
        Node temp = head;
 
        // 1) count the number of nodes in Linked List
        while (temp != null) {
            temp = temp.next;
            len++;
        }
 
        // check if value of n is not more than length of
        // the linked list
        if (len < n)
            return;
 
        temp = head;
 
        // 2) get the (len-n+1)th node from the beginning
        for (int i = 1; i < len - n + 1; i++)
            temp = temp.next;
 
        System.out.println(temp.data);
    }
 
    /* Inserts a new Node at front of the list. */
    public void push(int new_data)
    {
        /* 1 & 2: Allocate the Node &
                  Put in the data*/
        Node new_node = new Node(new_data);
 
        /* 3. Make next of new Node as head */
        new_node.next = head;
 
        /* 4. Move the head to point to new Node */
        head = new_node;
    }
 
    /*Driver program to test above methods */
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        LinkedList llist = new LinkedList();
        llist.push(20);
        llist.push(4);
        llist.push(15);
        llist.push(35);
 
        llist.printNthFromLast(4);
    }
} // This code is contributed by Rajat Mishra


Output

35

Time complexity: O(n)

Auxiliary Space: O(1) since using constant space

Following is a recursive C code for the same method. Thanks to Anuj Bansal for providing the following code. 

Java




static void printNthFromLast(Node head, int n)
{
    static int i = 0;
 
    if (head == null)
        return;
    printNthFromLast(head.next, n);
 
    if (++i == n)
        System.out.print(head.data);
}
 
// This code is contributed by rutvik_56.


Time Complexity: O(n) where n is the length of linked list. 

Auxiliary Space: O(n) for call stack because using recursion.

Method 2 (Use two pointers) 

Maintain two pointers – the reference pointer and the main pointer. Initialize both reference and main pointers to head. First, move the reference pointer to n nodes from head. Now move both pointers one by one until the reference pointer reaches the end. Now the main pointer will point to nth node from the end. Return the main pointer.

Below image is a dry run of the above approach:

Java




// Java program to find n'th
// node from end using slow and
// fast pointers
 
class LinkedList {
    Node head; // head of the list
 
    /* Linked List node */
    class Node {
        int data;
        Node next;
        Node(int d)
        {
            data = d;
            next = null;
        }
    }
 
    /* Function to get the
      nth node from end of list */
    void printNthFromLast(int n)
    {
        Node main_ptr = head;
        Node ref_ptr = head;
 
        int count = 0;
        if (head != null) {
            while (count < n) {
                if (ref_ptr == null) {
                    System.out.println(
                        n + " is greater than the no "
                        + " of nodes in the list");
                    return;
                }
                ref_ptr = ref_ptr.next;
                count++;
            }
 
            if (ref_ptr == null) {
 
                if (head != null)
                    System.out.println("Node no. " + n
                                       + " from last is "
                                       + head.data);
            }
            else {
 
                while (ref_ptr != null) {
                    main_ptr = main_ptr.next;
                    ref_ptr = ref_ptr.next;
                }
                System.out.println("Node no. " + n
                                   + " from last is "
                                   + main_ptr.data);
            }
        }
    }
 
    /* Inserts a new Node at front of the list. */
    public void push(int new_data)
    {
        /* 1 & 2: Allocate the Node &
                  Put in the data*/
        Node new_node = new Node(new_data);
 
        /* 3. Make next of new Node as head */
        new_node.next = head;
 
        /* 4. Move the head to point to new Node */
        head = new_node;
    }
 
    /*Driver program to test above methods */
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        LinkedList llist = new LinkedList();
        llist.push(20);
        llist.push(4);
        llist.push(15);
        llist.push(35);
 
        llist.printNthFromLast(4);
    }
}
// This code is contributed by Rajat Mishra


Output

Node no. 4 from last is 35 

Time Complexity: O(n) where n is the length of linked list. 

Auxiliary Space: O(1) using constant space.

Please refer complete article on Program for n’th node from the end of a Linked List for more details.


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