Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Java Program to Count triplets with sum smaller than a given value

View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article
  • Last Updated : 29 Dec, 2021
View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article

Given an array of distinct integers and a sum value. Find count of triplets with sum smaller than given sum value. The expected Time Complexity is O(n2).
Examples: 
 

Input : arr[] = {-2, 0, 1, 3}
        sum = 2.
Output : 2
Explanation :  Below are triplets with sum less than 2
               (-2, 0, 1) and (-2, 0, 3) 

Input : arr[] = {5, 1, 3, 4, 7}
        sum = 12.
Output : 4
Explanation :  Below are triplets with sum less than 12
               (1, 3, 4), (1, 3, 5), (1, 3, 7) and 
               (1, 4, 5)

 

A Simple Solution is to run three loops to consider all triplets one by one. For every triplet, compare the sums and increment count if the triplet sum is smaller than the given sum. 
 

Java




// A Simple Java program to count triplets with sum smaller
// than a given value
  
class Test
{
    static int arr[] = new int[]{5, 1, 3, 4, 7};
      
    static int countTriplets(int n, int sum)
    {
        // Initialize result
        int ans = 0;
       
        // Fix the first element as A[i]
        for (int i = 0; i < n-2; i++)
        {
           // Fix the second element as A[j]
           for (int j = i+1; j < n-1; j++)
           {
               // Now look for the third number
               for (int k = j+1; k < n; k++)
                   if (arr[i] + arr[j] + arr[k] < sum)
                       ans++;
           }
        }
       
        return ans;
    }
      
    // Driver method to test the above function
    public static void main(String[] args) 
    {
        int sum = 12
        System.out.println(countTriplets(arr.length, sum));
    }
}


Output: 

4

The time complexity of the above solution is O(n3). An Efficient Solution can count triplets in O(n2) by sorting the array first, and then using method 1 of this post in a loop.
 

1) Sort the input array in increasing order.
2) Initialize result as 0.
3) Run a loop from i = 0 to n-2.  An iteration of this loop finds all
   triplets with arr[i] as first element.
     a) Initialize other two elements as corner elements of subarray
        arr[i+1..n-1], i.e., j = i+1 and k = n-1
     b) Move j and k toward each other until they meet, i.e., while (j= sum
                then k--
            // Else for current i and j, there can (k-j) possible third elements
            // that satisfy the constraint.
            (ii) Else Do ans += (k - j) followed by j++ 

Below is the implementation of the above idea. 
 

Java




// A Simple Java program to count triplets with sum smaller
// than a given value
  
import java.util.Arrays;
  
class Test
{
    static int arr[] = new int[]{5, 1, 3, 4, 7};
      
    static int countTriplets(int n, int sum)
    {
        // Sort input array
        Arrays.sort(arr);
       
        // Initialize result
        int ans = 0;
       
        // Every iteration of loop counts triplet with
        // first element as arr[i].
        for (int i = 0; i < n - 2; i++)
        {
            // Initialize other two elements as corner elements
            // of subarray arr[j+1..k]
            int j = i + 1, k = n - 1;
       
            // Use Meet in the Middle concept
            while (j < k)
            {
                // If sum of current triplet is more or equal,
                // move right corner to look for smaller values
                if (arr[i] + arr[j] + arr[k] >= sum)
                    k--;
       
                // Else move left corner
                else
                {
                    // This is important. For current i and j, there
                    // can be total k-j third elements.
                    ans += (k - j);
                    j++;
                }
            }
        }
        return ans;
    }
      
    // Driver method to test the above function
    public static void main(String[] args) 
    {
        int sum = 12
        System.out.println(countTriplets(arr.length, sum));
    }
}


Output: 

4

Please refer complete article on Count triplets with sum smaller than a given value for more details!


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!