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Introduction to tree diagram with R and ggraph

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  • Last Updated : 20 Feb, 2022

In this article, we are going to see how to visualize the tree diagram with R Programming using ggraph library. ggraph library has a bunch of methods to help in visualization in R Programming Language.

Visualizing the Dendrogram

A dendrogram is a visual representation of the hierarchical relationship between items. It’s most often produced as a result of hierarchical clustering. A dendrogram’s main purpose is to figure out the best approach to assign objects to clusters. 

Preparing the Hierarchical Data

Here we are going to prepare hierarchical data for demonstration. For this, we will create two dataframe, and then we will create edge data.

R




# libraries for plotting the graph
library(ggraph) 
library(igraph)
library(tidyverse)
library(ggplot2)
  
# create the edge data for the hierarchy
d1 <- data.frame(from = "origin"
                 to = paste("group",
                            seq(1,5),
                            sep = ""))
print("Dataframe 1 :")
head(d1)
  
# preparing the subgroup data
d2 <- data.frame(from = rep(d1$to, each = 5), 
                 to = paste("subgroup"
                            seq(1,25),
                            sep="_"))
  
print("Dataframe 2 :")
head(d2)
  
# creating the edge data
edges <- rbind(d1, d2)
  
print("Edge of both dataframe:")
head(edges)


Output:

Prepare the Graph Data

graph_from_data_frame() methods creates igraph graphs from one or two data frames and its descriptions have been obtained from the igraph package.

Syntax: graph_from_data_frame(d, directed = TRUE)

Parameters:

  • d : Dataframe
  • directed: Logical scalar

R




# prepare the graph data
mygraph <- graph_from_data_frame( edges )
mygraph


Output:

Preparing the Dendrogram

Now, we will plot dendrogram using ggraph library. For this, we will use dendrogram layout of ggraph with layout = ‘dendrogram’  and geom_edge_diagonal() is used to the edges and geom_node_point() for data points

Syntax: ggraph(graph, layout)

Parameters:

  • graph: graph Object
  • layout: Layout type instring, a function, a matrix, or a data.frame

R




# plotting the dendrogram
ggraph(mygraph, layout = 'dendrogram') + 
  geom_edge_diagonal() + # putting up the edges
  geom_node_point() # add up the data points


Output:


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