Important Synonyms and Antonyms for SSC Exams
Let us first comprehend the meaning of these two words before learning various synonyms and antonyms.
What is the definition of a synonym?
A synonym is a word or phrase with the same or nearly the same meaning as another word or phrase. Thus, the words that are similar in meaning are called synonyms.
What is the definition of an antonym?
An antonym is a term or phrase that has the opposite meaning to another.
Important Synonyms and Antonyms for SSC Exams-
Demanded(verb): to ask for something in an extremely firm or aggressive way.
For example, “Student demanded a refund”.
Synonyms: appeal, trade
Imposed(verb): to make a law, rule, opinion, etc. be accepted by using your power or authority.
For example, “The Event organizers made it clear that the decision was ours and was not imposed by them.”
Synonyms: enforce, decree
Enhanced(verb): to improve something or to make something look better.
For example, “Today’s technology is constantly trying to bring new and enhanced versions of products.”
Synonyms: augment, boost
Meaning: angry and bitter; typically of speech or discussion.
For example, “an acrimonious dispute about wages”.
Synonyms: acrid, bitter, embittered, hard, rancorous, resentful, sore
Antonyms: caring, forgiving, gentle, kind, loving, sweet, sympathetic, tender, warm
Meaning: lure or entice (a person or animal) away from their intended course, typically into a trap.
For example, “He used to hum a song to decoy her”.
Synonyms: appeal, attraction, call, draw, incentive, pull, enticement
Meaning: exercising your absolute power, especially in a cruel and oppressive way.
For example, “the ideology of enlightened despotism”.
Synonyms: autarchy, authoritarianism, autocracy
Antonyms: democracy, self-governance, freedom, self-determination
Meaning: cautiously or suspiciously reluctant to do something.
For example, “Harleen had been chary of revealing the complete truth”.
Synonyms: guarded, heedful, safe, wary, alert, careful, cautious, circumspect, conservative, considerate, gingerly.
Antonyms: careless, heedless, incautious, unguarded, unmindful.
Meaning: out of control with anger or excitement; wild or frenzied.
For example, “Students went berserk when they knew that their fellow mate has brought a gun in class.”
Synonyms: agitatedly, confusedly, crazily, desperately, feverishly
Antonyms: calmly, collectedly, composedly, coolly
Meaning: a place or position affording a good view of something.
For example, “Riyan could see across the river from his vantage point, “.
Synonyms: advantage, better, bulge
Antonyms: detriment, stranglehold, disparity, imbalance, inequality
Meaning: exclude from a society or group.
For example, “Since he was studious and introvert, he was ostracized by his classmates”.
Synonyms: castigate, chastise, rebuke, reprimand, reproach, admonish, chide, reprove
Antonyms: approve, endorse, eulogize, exalt
Meaning: suspend (a student) from a university as a punishment.
For example, “The nuisance by them is so big that even rusticating does not make much difference.”
Synonyms: remove, regress, repeal
Meaning: belonging to or characteristic of an early level of skill or development.
For example, rudimentary shelters built by prehistoric peoples.
Synonyms: basic, simple, uncomplicated, backward, underdeveloped, undeveloped, unsophisticated
Antonyms: advanced, developed, evolved, high, higher, late
Meaning: self-evident or unquestionable.
For example, “it is axiomatic that reservation policy should include fixed criteria”.
Synonyms: apparent, clear, evident, hands-down, manifest, obvious
Antonyms: arguable, contestable, debatable, disputable, doubtable
Meaning: to drive danger or attack away from; a defensive wall
For example, vowed to use any means necessary to bulwark the country against attack.
Synonyms: defend, fence, fend, forfend, guard, keep, protect, safeguard
Antonyms: assail, assault, attack
Meaning: a prototype; an original which has been imitated.
For example, “A Library in my city is the archetype of old-style themed Library”.
Synonyms: model, original, originator
Antonyms: copy, imitation, replica, reproduction
Meaning: (of an action or situation) likely to arouse or incur resentment or anger in others.
For example, “It is invidious to judge someone by listening to a one-sided story only”.
Synonyms: covetous, envious, green-eyed, jaundiced, jealous, resentful
Antonyms: generous, kind, kind-hearted, altruistic, benevolent, charitable
Meaning: having or showing an excessive pride in oneself or one’s achievements.
For example, “Aarav was feeling smug when he learnt he cleared IIT”.
Synonyms: arrogant, assumptive, bumptious, cavalier
Antonyms: egoless, humble, modest, uncomplacent
Meaning: allay or moderate (fears or suspicions).
For example, ” My lawyer for this case would try to palliate, my act from the standpoint of the law”.
Synonyms: alleviate, ease, lessen, lighten, mitigate, moderate
Antonyms: aggravate, exacerbate
Meaning: embezzle or steal (money, especially public funds); misuse, misappropriate
For example, Vijay Malaya and Neerav Modi are accused of peculating Bank’s money.
Synonyms: embezzle, misapply, misappropriate, misuse
Meaning: ungenerous with money, time, etc.; mean.
For example, “Rishi accused the Government of being unbelievably niggardly”.
Synonyms: careful, chary, conserving, economical, economizing, frugal
Antonyms: altruistic, selfless, unselfish, extravagant
Meaning: a magical word or phrase uttered with the intention of bringing about evil; a curse.
For example, “Workers left the factory, muttering maledictions against their Supervisor.”
Synonyms: anathema, ban, curse, execration, imprecation
Antonyms: citation, commendation, endorsement
Meaning: talk in a rapid, excited, and often incomprehensible way.
For example, “he jabbered on about football”.
Synonyms: babble, blabber, burble, chat, chatter, drivel, drool, gabble
Meaning: great in number.
For example, “her fans are legion”
Synonyms: many, multi-fold, multiple, multiplex, multitudinous, numerous
Antonyms: few, countable, limited
Meaning: done without good reason; uncalled for.
For example, “gratuitous violence”
Synonyms: dispensable, inessential, needless, nonessential, uncalled-for, unessential, unnecessary, unwarranted
Antonyms: all-important, crucial, important, vital, imperative, pressing, urgent
Meaning: extremely unpleasant, horrifying, or terrible.
For example, “Vartika suffered horrendous injuries”.
Synonyms: daunting, demoralizing, disconcerting, discouraging, dismaying
Antonyms: calming, comforting, consoling, inviting, pacifying
Meaning: accustom (someone) to something, especially something unpleasant; able to withstand hardship, strain, or exposure
For example, “many poverty-stricken have been inured to mental and physical abuse”.
Synonyms: durable, enduring, everlasting, immortal, imperishable
Antonyms: crippled, debilitated, diseased, incapacitated, infirm
Meaning: expressing or having a cynical and cruel disregard for others.
For example, Some people make callous comments even for the last rites and funerals as well.
Synonyms: boorish, heedless, inconsiderate, thoughtless, uncaring, unfriendly, unloving, unthinking
Antonyms: charitable, compassionate, humane, kind-hearted, kindly, merciful.
Meaning: cheerful friendliness; geniality.
For example, “State politician bonhomie infuses sudden interest in national politics. “.
Synonyms: civility, comity, concord, harmony, rapport, rapprochement, charity, generosity
Antonyms: disfavor, intolerance, animosity, antagonism
Meaning: acting or done quickly and without thought or care.
Synonyms: heedless, hot-headed, imprudent, impulsive
Antonyms: careful, cautious, heedful, prudent, unadventurous
Meaning: deferential respect.
Synonyms: homage, respect, compliance, conformity, obedience, subordination
Antonyms: disrespect, impudence, insolence, rudeness, non-cooperation, recusancy
Meaning: a subtle difference in or shade of meaning, expression, or sound.
For example, “I am familiar with the nuances of different variety of fabric”.
Synonyms: gradation, variation, modulation, degree
Meaning: delay or postpone action; put off doing something.
For example, “The irony is we procrastinate, we feel guilty about it and yet we still do it”.
Synonyms: dawdle, delay, diddle, drag, lag, linger, loiter, postpone
Antonyms: accelerate, quicken, speed up
Meaning: having great power or influence.
For example, “To protect our mother earth, there should be intelligent and puissant beings”.
Synonyms: important, influential, mighty, potent, powerful, significant, strong
Antonyms: helpless, impotent, insignificant, little, powerless, unimportant, weak
Choose the choice that most closely matches the highlighted word.
Odious: extremely unpleasant
Vivacious: attractively lively and animated (typically used of a woman).
Sporadic: occurring at irregular intervals or only in a few places; scattered or isolated.
• Anticipate: regard as probable; expect or predict.
• Contemplate: think deeply
• Persevere: continue in a course of action even in the face of difficulty or with little or no indication of success.
• Concede: admit or agree that something is true after first denying or resisting it.
• Renounce: formally declare one’s abandonment of (a claim, right, or possession).
• Emancipation: the fact or process of being set free from legal, social, or political restrictions; liberation.
• Detention: the action of detaining someone or the state of being detained in official custody.
• Constraint: a limitation or restriction.
• Subjugation: the act of bringing someone or something under domination or control.
Beseech: ask (someone) urgently and fervently to do something; implore; entreat.
Garrulous: excessively talkative, especially on trivial matters.
Choose the choice that is opposite to the highlighted word.
Subservient: prepared to obey others unquestioningly.
• Boisterous: noisy, energetic, and cheerful.
• Tranquil: free from disturbance; calm.
• Obstreperous: noisy and difficult to control.
• Tumultuous: making an uproar or loud, confused noise.
• Cacophony: a harsh discordant mixture of sounds
• Disharmony: lack of harmony or agreement.
• Pandemonium: wild and noisy disorder or confusion; uproar.
• Turbulence: a state of conflict or confusion.
• Hullabaloo: a commotion; a fuss.
• Euphony: the quality of being pleasing to the ear.
• Insipid: lacking flavour; weak or tasteless.
• Unpalatable: not pleasant to taste.
• Pragmatic: dealing with things sensibly and realistically in a way that is based on practical rather than theoretical considerations.
• Expedient: suitable or appropriate
• Idealistic: unrealistically aiming for perfection
• Sensible: practical and functional rather than decorative.
• Impetuous: acting or done quickly and without thought or care.
• Reckless: heedless of danger or the consequences of one’s actions; rash or impetuous.
• Heedless: showing a reckless lack of care or attention.
• Flippant: not showing a serious or respectful attitude.
• Courteous: polite, respectful, or considerate in manner.