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Impact of Green Revolution on India

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  • Last Updated : 23 Jun, 2022
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Around 75% of India’s populace was reliant upon agribusiness when India accomplished its freedom from British rule. Greater part of the ranchers around then didn’t approach satisfactory framework and they utilized old innovation. This brought about extremely unfortunate efficiency. Indian agribusiness was fundamentally reliant upon the Monsoon. The Indian ranchers endured assuming the storm bombed as larger part of the ranchers in India by then of time didn’t approach water system offices. The Indian farming area had deteriorated during frontier rule. The previously mentioned issues were for all time fixed with the assistance of the Green Revolution. 

Definition of Green Revolution

Green transformation implies an expansion in the creation of food grains by utilizing High Yielding Variety (HYV) seeds. HYV seeds of wheat and rice were utilized during the Green unrest. The utilization of these seeds required a standard stock of water, and involving pesticides and manures in the right amounts. During the main period of Green insurgency, for example from the mid 1960s to the mid 1970s, the HYV seeds were utilized in the territories of Punjab, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh. It prevalently helped the wheat developing areas. The Green upheaval spread to additional assortments of yields and a bigger number of states during the second period of the Green Revolution for example from mid 1970s to mid 1980s.

Following are the green revolution impacts on crop production

  • Because of sufficient harvest creation because of the Green upheaval, India has stayed away from starvations in any event, when the atmospheric conditions were not great and unfriendly.
  • The expansion in food creation was unbalanced in various states.
  • As the harvest creation in India expanded, it assisted the Government with cautiously planning a food security framework in India at the nation level.
  • It also increased per acre yield. India reached a way of self-sufficiency and became lesser dependent on imports.
  • Due to increase of agricultural output, the other secondary and tertiary industries also developed. It also helped many farmers to shift from subsistence to commercial farming.

Drawbacks of Green Revolution

Besides the many fruitful changes, there were also some loopholes we should look upon

  • There was some kind of rift in agricultural growth because of inadequate irrigation facilities, reduction in farm size, failure to evoke new technologies and weakness in financial system.
  • Regional disparities were created as green revolution did not develop equally in every region and more prosperous were wheat grown areas.
  • There increased the gap of difference economically between large and small scale farmers. Large farmers made more substantial gains in income than small farmers.

Sample Questions

Question 1: Why did Green Revolution begin in India?


In order to reduce hunger and poverty in India, the green revolution was introduced in India.

Question 2: Which are the important HYV seeds during green revolution?


Wheat, Rice, Jowar, Maize and Bajra.

Question 3: What factors did Green revolution depend on?


  • Adequate irrigation
  • Fertilizers
  • HYV seeds
  • Pesticides and insecticides
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