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If tan A = 5 and tan B = 4, then find the value of tan(A – B) and tan(A + B)

  • Last Updated : 20 Oct, 2021

Trigonometry is a discipline of mathematics that studies the relationships between the lengths of the sides and angles of a right-angled triangle. Trigonometric functions, also known as goniometric functions, angle functions, or circular functions, are functions that establish the relationship between an angle to the ratio of two of the sides of a right-angled triangle. The six main trigonometric functions are sine, cosine, tangent, cotangent, secant, or cosecant.

Angles defined by the ratios of trigonometric functions are known as trigonometry angles. Trigonometric angles represent trigonometric functions. The value of the angle can be anywhere between 0-360°.

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As given in the above figure in a right-angled triangle:

  • Hypotenuse: The side opposite to the right angle is the hypotenuse, It is the longest side in a right-angled triangle and opposite to the 90° angle.
  • Base: The side on which angle C lies is known as the base.
  • Perpendicular: It is the side opposite to angle C in consideration.

Trigonometric Functions

Trigonometry has 6 basic trigonometric functions, they are sine, cosine, tangent, cosecant, secant, and cotangent. Now let’s look into the trigonometric functions. The six trigonometric functions are as follows,

  • sine: It is defined as the ratio of perpendicular and hypotenuse and It is represented as sin θ
  • cosine: It is defined as the ratio of base and hypotenuse and it is represented as cos θ
  • tangent: It is defined as the ratio of sine and cosine of an angle. Thus the definition of tangent comes out to be the ratio of perpendicular and base and is represented as tan θ
  • cosecant: It is the reciprocal of sin θ and is represented as cosec θ.
  • secant: It is the reciprocal of cos θ and is represented as sec θ.
  • cotangent: It is the reciprocal of tan θ and is represented as cot θ.

According to the above image, Trigonometric Ratios are

Sin θ = Perpendicular / Hypotenuse = AB/AC

Cosine θ = Base / Hypotenuse = BC / AC

Tangent θ = Perpendicular / Base = AB / BC

Cosecant θ = Hypotenuse / Perpendicular = AC/AB

Secant θ = Hypotenuse / Base = AC/BC



Cotangent θ = Base / Perpendicular = BC/AB

Reciprocal Identities

Sin θ = 1/ Cosec θ                    OR        Cosec θ = 1/ Sin θ

Cos θ = 1/ Sec θ                       OR         Sec θ = 1 / Cos θ

Cot θ = 1 / Tan θ                     OR         Tan θ = 1 / Cot θ

Cot θ = Cos θ / Sin θ               OR          Tan θ = Sin θ / Cos θ

Tan θ.Cot θ = 1

Values of Trigonometric Ratios

  30°               45°             60°            90°
Sin θ 0 1/2 1/√2 √3/2 1
Cos θ 1 √3/2 1/√2 1/2 0
 Tan θ  0 1/√3 1 √3 Not Defined
 Cosec θ Not Defined 2 √2 2/√3 1
 Sec θ  1 2/√3 √2 2 Not Defined
Cot θ Not Defined √3 1 1/√3 0

Trigonometric Identities of Complementary and Supplementary Angles

  • Complementary Angles: Pair of angles whose sum is equal to 90°
  • Supplementary Angles: Pair of angles whose sum is equal to 180°

Identities of Complementary angles are



  • sin (90° – θ) = cos θ
  • cos (90° – θ) = sin θ
  • tan (90° – θ) = cot θ
  • cot (90° – θ) = tan θ
  • sec (90° – θ) = cosec θ
  • cosec (90° – θ) = sec θ

Identities of supplementary angles

  • sin (180° – θ) = sin θ
  • cos (180° – θ) = – cos θ
  • tan (180° – θ) = – tan θ
  • cot  (180° – θ) = – cot θ
  • sec (180° – θ) = – sec θ
  • cosec (180° – θ) = – cosec θ

Quadrants of trigonometry

Quadrants

Additional formulas of Trigonometry 

Identities  Formula
sin (A + B)       sinAcosB + cosAsinB
sin(A – B) sinAcosB – cosAsinB
cos(A + B) cosAcosB – sinAsinB
cos(A – B) cosAcosB + sinAsinB
tan(A + B) (tanA + tanB) / 1 – tanAtanB
tan(A – B) (tanA – tanB) / 1 + tanAtanB

If tan A = 5 and tan B = 4, then find the value of tan(A – B) and tan(A + B) 

Solution: 

As per the trigonometric formulas

tan(A + B) = (tanA + tanB) / 1- tanAtanB

                   = (5 + 4 ) / (1 – 5*4)

                   = – 9/19

tan (A – B) = (tanA – tanB) / 1 + tanAtanB

                 = (5-4) / (1 + 5*4)



                 = 1 / (1 + 20)

                 = 1/21

So, the value of tan(A – B) and tan(A + B) is 1/21 and -9/19 

Similar Questions

Question 1: If tan A = 4 and tan B = 2, find the value for tan(A – B).

Solution:

As per the formula

tan(A + B) = (tanA-tanB )/(1+tanAtanB)

                 = (4 – 2 )/(1 + 4 × 2)

                 = 2/9

Therefore,  the value of tan(A – B) is 2/19.

Question 2: If sin A = 1/2, cos A = 5, sin B = 4, cos B = 3. find the value for sin(A – B)? 

Solution:

As per the formula 

sin(A – B) = sinAcosB – cosAsinB

                = (1/2 × 3) – (5 × 4)

                = 3/2 – 20

                = (3 – 40) / 2

                = -37/2

So, the value for sin(A – B) is -37/2




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